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ANES 1978 Time Series Study

Version
v3
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Miller, Warren E. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies)
  • National Election Studies/Center for Political Studies
Other Title
  • Version 3 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American National Election Study (ANES) Series
Publication Date
1984-06-19
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
campaign finance; campaign literature; candidates; Carter Administration (1977-1981); census data; civil rights; congressional elections; domestic policy; economic conditions; election returns; foreign policy; gender roles; government performance; information sources; media coverage; minorities; national elections; political affiliation; political attitudes; political campaigns; political efficacy; political issues; political leaders; political participation; presidential elections; public approval; public opinion; special interest groups; trust in government; urban problems; voter expectations; voter history; voting behavior
Description
  • Abstract

    This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. In this post-election survey, major emphasis was placed on the respondent's evaluation of their congressional district's candidates, both the incumbent and opponent, along several dimensions. As in previous American National Election studies, this survey included a series of questions on the media coverage of the campaigns and scales that measured the respondent's positions on major social issues, including urban unrest, protection of the rights of the accused, aid to minority groups, government insurance plan, and women's role in society. The perceived position of the political parties, as well as certain political leaders, on these issues was also ascertained. In addition to the survey data, this file also contains several contextual components consisting of: (1) historical election returns at the state, congressional district, and county levels for elections to the offices of president, governor, and United States senator and representative, 1972-1976, (2) 1978 election returns for primary and general elections to the same offices, including precinct level returns, (3) voter validation variables, (4) information about media structure in the respondent's locale, (5) incumbent characteristics, including information pertaining to the incumbent U.S. representatives of the 95th Congress from the 108 congressional districts sampled in the survey (a major feature of this component is a series of performance ratings that each member of Congress received from certain interest groups and from the Congressional Quarterly), (6) candidate characteristics that apply to the Democratic and Republican candidates for the office of U.S. representative in the 1978 general elections (the latter data were obtained from a 1978 candidate questionnaire that was administered by Congressional Quarterly, Inc.), (7) information prepared by the Federal Election Commission on campaign expenditures and contributions for the offices of U.S. senator and U.S. representative, and (8) U.S. Census Bureau data containing social, economic, and demographic information recorded for the respondent's place of residence. Some of the Census data present information at the congressional district level drawn from the Congressional District Data Book (93rd Congress), as well as county-level Census tabulations prepared from the 1972 County and City Data Book. Additional information includes campaign materials collected from the headquarters of the Democratic and Republican congressional candidates, such as what types of campaign material existed and in how many varieties. Additionally, thematic dimensions of the campaign were coded from the campaign materials.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1978
  • Collection date: 1978
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All United States citizens of voting age residing in households.
Sampling
Probability sample of both United States citizens and congressional districts. The sample did not permit estimates of each district's constituency.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview, telephone interview

    Users should note that there are gaps in the variable numbering.

    The SAS transport file was created using the SAS CPORT procedure.

Note
2015-11-10 The study metadata was updated2000-03-21 The data for this study are now available in SAS transport and SPSS export formats in addition to the ASCII data file, and a PDF version of the data collection instrument is now available. Variables in the dataset have been renumbered to the following format: 2-digit (or 2-character) year prefix + 4 digits + [optional] 1-character suffix. Dataset ID and version variables also have been added. For several districts, it was discovered that race (V4) was incorrectly assigned in the 1978 data. In MS03, 24 cases have been recoded to 12. In NY19, 9 cases were recoded to 14, and in NY38, 14 cases were recoded to 24. Also, in case 1352, the congressional district was recoded to district 4. In addition, the six supplementary files containing United States Census Bureau data that were previously listed as Parts 2-7 are no longer being released with this data collection. The variables from these files had been added to the data in a previous release. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SOC77-08885).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7655 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07655.v4
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07655.v2
Publications
  • Gilbert, Craig. Keys to the Oval Office. McClatchy - Tribune Business News.2008.
  • Leighley, Jan, Nagler, Jonathan. Measuring and Modeling Alienation, Indifference and Turnout in U.S. Presidential Elections. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Shani, Danielle. Born in the USA: Doubts about the Role of Formative Events in Developing Political Interest. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Bittner, Amanda. Survey Structure, Measurement Effects, and the Evaluation of Party Leaders. Midwest Political Science Association Annual Meeting.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Enns, Peter. The Micro Foundations of Macro Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Kershaw, David. Conditional Nature of Vote Recruitment. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Killian, Mitchell. Moments of doubt and reassessment: An examination of why individuals switch political parties. Dissertation, George Washington University. 2007.
  • King, James D.. Voting in U.S. Senate Midterm Elections: Does Focusing on the President Matter?. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Leighley, Jan, Nagler, Jonathan. Who Votes Now? And Does It Matter?. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • McAdams, John. The Rise of the New Class: 1956-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Reed, Daniel. Parties, Interest Groups, and the Effectiveness of Voter Contacting: 1956 to 2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Carmines, Edward, Ensley, Michael, Wagner, Michael. Issue Preferences and Political Participation in American Politics, 1972-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Elder, Laurel, Greene, Steven. The Politics of Parenthood, 1972-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2005.
  • Gold, Howard, Baumer, Donald. Party Images and Partisan Resurgence. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Griffin, John, Newman, Brian. Are Voters Better Represented?. Journal of Politics.67, (4), 12062005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1468-2508.2005.00357.x (DOI)
  • Keane, Michael, Griffin, John. Descriptive Representation and the Composition of African-American Turnout. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Lewis, Carol W., Gilman, Stuart C.. The Ethics Challenge in Public Service: A Problem-Solving Guide. SanFrancisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. 2005.
  • MacKuen, Michael, Parker-Stephen, Evan. Affect, Accuray, and the Left Shift in American Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Assocation.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Ramakrishnan, S. Karthick. Democracy in Immigrant America. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press. 2005.
  • Stanley, Harold W., Niemi, Richard G.. Partisanship, Party Coalitions, and Group Support, 1952-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Wong, Cara, Cho, Grace E.. Two-Headed Coins or Kandinskys: White Racial Identification. Political Psychology.26, (5), 6992005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-9221.2005.00440.x (DOI)
  • Benoit, William L., Hansen, Glenn J.. Issue Ownership in Primary and General Presidential Debates. Argumentation and Advocacy.40, (3), 143-155.2004.
  • Brace, Paul, Arceneaux, Kevin, Johnson, Martin, Ulbig, Stacy G.. Does state political ideology change over time?. Political Research Quarterly.57, (4), 529-540.2004.
  • Goolsby, Delia. Realignment of White Southerners: The Generational Replacement Hypothesis Revisited. annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2004.
  • Goolsby, Delia. Regional Realignments? Sub-national Trends in Partisan Identification in the Northeast. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Lefkowitz, Joel K.. Mobilization Matters: The Changing Impact of Mobilization on Vote Choice in Congressional Elections, 1978-2002. Congress and the Presidency .31, (2), 119-131.2004.
    • ID: 10.1080/07343460409507701 (DOI)
  • Lipinski, Daniel. Congressional Communication: Content and Consequences. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. 2004.
  • Parker, Glenn R.. Self-Policing in Politics: The Political Economy of Reputational Controls on Politicians. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 2004.
  • Persily, Nathaniel, Lammie, Kelli. Symposium: The Law of Democracy: Campaign Finance After McCain-Feingold: Perceptions of Corruption and Campaign Finance: When Public Opinion Determines Constitutional Law. University of Pennsylvania Law Review.153, 1192004.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4150623 (URL)
  • Peterson, David A.M.. Voters' Response to Changes in American Politics, 1952-2000. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Powell, Lynda W., Green, John C., Herrnson, Paul S., Wilcox, Clyde, Francia, Peter L.. The Representative Relationship: Contributors' Contacts with Their U.S. Senators. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Soule, Sarah A., Olzak, Susan. When Do Movements Matter? The Politics of Contingency and the Equal Rights Amendment. American Sociological Review.69, (4), 473-497.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/000312240406900401 (DOI)
  • Abramowitz, Alan I., Alexander, Brad. The 2002 Midterm Election and the Future of American Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Hurley, Patricia A., Hill, Kim Quaile. Beyond the Demand-Input Model: A Theory of Representational Linkages. Journal of Politics.65, (2), 304-326.2003.
  • Lawless, Jennifer. Political Ideology in the United States: Liberalism and Convervatism in the 19080s and 1990s. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Levy, Dena, Tien, Charles, Aved, Rachelle. Do Differences Matter? Women Members of Congress and the Hyde Amendment. Women and Congress: Running, Winning, and Ruling.New York, NY: Haworth Press. 2003.
  • Schreckhise, William D., Shields, Todd G.. Ideological realignment in the contemporary U.S. electorate revisited. Social Science Quarterly.84, (3), 596-612.2003.
    • ID: 10.1111/1540-6237.8403007 (DOI)
  • Stimson, James. Macro-Politics: The Dimensions and Dynamics of Public Opinion. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Brooks, Clem. Religious influence and the politics of family decline concern: Trends, sources, and U.S. political behavior. American Sociological Review.67, (2), 191-211.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088892 (URL)
  • Claggett, William, Shafer, Byron E.. The Pure Politics of Policy Choice. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2002.
  • Edlund, Lena, Pande, Rohini. Why Have Women Become Left-Wing? The Political Gender Gap and the Decline in Marriage. The Quarterly Journal of Economics.117, (3), 917-961.2002.
    • ID: 10.1162/003355302760193922 (DOI)
  • Layman, Geoffrey C., Carsey, Thomas M.. Party Polarization and 'Conflict Extension' in the American Electorate. American Journal of Political Science.46, (4), 786-802.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088434 (URL)
  • Manza, Jeff, Brooks, Clem. The Changing Political Fortunes of Mainline Protestants. The Quiet Hand of God: Faith-Based Activism and the Public Role of Mainline Protestantism.Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 2002.
  • Mebane, Walter R., Jr., Sekhon, Jasjeet S.. Coordination and policy moderation at midterm. American Political Science Review.96, (1), 141-157.2002.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0003055402004288 (DOI)
  • Nicholson, Stephen P., Segura, Gary M., Woods, Nathan D.. Presidential Approval and the Mixed Blessing of Divided Government. Journal of Politics.64, (3), 701-720.2002.
  • Rohde, David W.. American Fears: Change and Continuity. Fears in Post-Communist Societies: A Comparative Perspective.New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. 2002.
  • Uggen, Christopher, Manza, Jeff. Democratic contraction? Political consequences of felon disfranchisement in the United States. American Sociological Review.67, (6), 777-803.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088970 (URL)
  • Belli, Robert F., Traugott, Michael W., Beckmann, Matthew N.. What Leads to Voting Overreports? Contrasts of Overreporters to Validated Voters and Admitted Nonvoters in the American National Election Studies. Journal of Official Statistics.17, (4), 479-498.2001.
  • Bond, Jon R., Fleisher, Richard. The polls: Partisanship and presidential performance evaluations. Presidential Studies Quarterly.31, (3), 529-540.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0360-4918.2001.00186.x (DOI)
  • Citrin, Jack, Luks, Samantha. Revisiting Political Trust in an Angry Age. What is it about Government that Americans Dislike?.New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2001.
  • Clark, Terry Nichols, Lipset, Seymour Martin, Rempel, Michael. The Declining Political Significance of Social Class. The Breakdown of Class Politics: A Debate on Post-Industrial Stratification.Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. 2001.
  • Gaddie, Ronald Keith, Hoffman, Donna R.. Critical Events in Contemporary Southern Politics: Dynamic Growth and Partisan Percolations. Eye of the Storm: The South and Congress in and Era of Change.Westport, CT: Praeger. 2001.
  • Hoffman, Donna Riddle. Realignment Theory in Social Perspective. Dissertation, University of Oklahoma. 2001.
  • Jagemann, Jason F.. Feature: Bush v. Gore: An Exchange: Partisanship, Legitimacy, and the Law: A Response to Seth Steinzor's 'J'Accuse'. The Vermont Bar Journal & Law Digest.27, 512001.
  • Manza, Jeff, Uggen, Christopher, Britton, Marcus. The Truly Disenfranchised: Felon Voting Rights and American Politics. Evanston, IL: Institute for Policy Research. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.northwestern.edu/ipr/publications/papers/2000/disfranchise.pdf (URL)
  • Mouw, Ted, Sobel, Michael E.. Culture wars and opinion polarization: The case of abortion. American Journal of Sociology.106, (4), 913-943.2001.
    • ID: 10.1086/320294 (DOI)
  • Pantoja, Adrian D.. The Dynamics of Political Knowledge. Dissertation, Claremont Graduate University. 2001.
  • Pantoja, Adrian D.. The dynamics of political knowledge . Dissertation, The Claremont Graduate University. 2001.
  • Radcliff, Benjamin. Organized labor and electoral participation in American national elections. Journal of Labor Research.22, (2), 405-414.2001.
    • ID: 10.1007/s12122-001-1042-7 (DOI)
  • Roscoe, Douglas D.. Ticket Splitting in American Elections: Voters, Candidates and the Political Environment. Dissertation, Loyola University, Chicago. 2001.
  • Abramowitz, Alan I., Saunders, Kyle L.. Ideological Realignment and US Congressional Elections. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2000.
  • Campbell, James E.. The American Campaign: U.S. Presidential Campaigns and the National Vote. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press. 2000.
  • Capeheart, Loretta Jun. Non-Voting in United States Presidential Elections: Reflections on Pluralism and Elitism. Dissertation, Texas Woman's University. 2000.
  • Capeheart, Loretta June. Non-Voting in United States Presidential Elections: Reflections on Pluralism and Elitism . Dissertation, Texas Woman's University. 2000.
  • Jankowski, Thomas B.. A comprehensive model of aging and voting participation. Dissertation, Wayne State University. 2000.
  • Layman, Geoffrey C., Carsey, Thomas M.. Parties at the Poles: Mass Party Polarization on Multiple Ideological Dimensions. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2000.
  • Layman, Geoffrey C., Layman, Geoffrey C.. Party polarization and 'conflict extension' in the American electorate. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Atlanta, GA. 2000.
  • Mebane, Walter R., Jr., Sekhon, Jasjeet S.. Do American Midterm House Electors Coordinate?. . 2000.
  • Schechter, David L.. Evaluating the Impact of Direct Democracy on Voter Turnout. Dissertation, University of Florida. 2000.
  • Shields, Todd G., Goidel, Robert K.. Who contributes?: Checkbook participation, class biases, and the impact of legal reforms, 1952-1994. American Politics Quarterly.28, (2), 216-233.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X00028002004 (DOI)
  • Teixeira, Ruy A., Rogers, Joel. America's Forgotten Majority: Why the White Working Class Still Matters. New York, NY: Basic Books. 2000.
  • Wielhouwer, Peter W.. Releasing the fetters: Parties and the mobilization of the African-American electorate. Journal of Politics.62, (1), 206-222.2000.
  • Alexander, Herbert E.. Spending in the 1996 Election. Financing in the 1996 Election.Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe. 1999.
  • Carlson, Neil E.. The Rationality of Political Culture: Voter Turnout and Social Capital. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Atlanta, GA. 1999.
  • Clydesdale, Timothy T.. Toward understanding the role of bible beliefs and higher education in American attitudes toward eradicating poverty, 1964-1996. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion.38, (1), 103-118.1999.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1387587 (URL)
  • Dalton, Russell J.. Political Support in Advanced Industrial Democracies. Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government.Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. 1999.
  • Gultas, Seyda. Essays on the Political Economy of Redistribution. Dissertation, University of California, Irvine. 1999.
  • Mebane, Walter R., Jr., Sekhon, Jasjeet S.. Coordination and policy moderation at midterm. American-Physical-Society Centennial Meeting .Atlanta, GA. 1999.
  • Mebane, Walter R., Jr., Sekhon, Jasjeet S.. Coordination, Moderation, and Institutional Balancing in American House Elections at Midterm. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Atlanta, GA. 1999.
  • Nicholson, Stephen P., Segura, Gary M.. Midterm elections and divided government: An information-driven theory of electoral volatility. Political Research Quarterly.52, (3), 609-629.1999.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/449151 (URL)
  • Rahn, Wendy, Brehm, John, Carlson, Neil E.. National Elections as Institutions for Generating Social Capital. Civic Engagement in American Democracy.Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press. 1999.
  • Shribman, David M.. Insiders with a Crisis from Outside: Congress and the Public Trust. Congress and the Decline of Public Trust.Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 1999.
  • Stimson, James A.. Public Opinion in America: Moods, Cycles, and Swings. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 1999.
  • Stonecash, Jeffrey M., Lindstrom, Nicole R.. Emerging party cleavages in the House of Representatives, 1962-1996. American Politics Quarterly.27, (1), 58-88.1999.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X99027001005 (DOI)
  • Taylor, James Lance. Black Politics in Transition: From Protest to Politics to Political Neutrality?. Dissertation, University of Southern California. 1999.
  • Weisberg, Herbert F., Mockabee, Stephen T.. Attitudinal correlates of the 1996 presidential vote: The people reelect a president. Reelection 1996: How Americans Voted.Chappaqua, NY: Chatham House Publishers of Seven Bridges, L.L.C.. 1999.
  • Abramowitz, Alan I., Saunders, Kyle L.. Ideological realignment in the U.S. electorate. Journal of Politics.60, (3), 634-652.1998.
  • Atkeson, Lonna Rae, Partin, Randall W.. Economic and Referendum Voting and the Problem of Data Choice: A Reply. American Journal of Political Science.42, (3), 1003-1007.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2991739 (URL)
  • Burstein, Paul. Discrimination, Jobs, and Politics: The Struggle for Equal Employment Opportunity in the United States Since the New Deal. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1998.
  • Callahan, David. Ballot Blocks: What Gets the Poor to the Polls?. The American Prospect.1998.
  • Cassel, Carol A.. Overreports of Voting and Theories of Turnout: The Nonvoting Voter Revisited. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1998.
  • Holbrook, Allyson L., Krosnick, Jon A., Cacioppo, John T., Visser, Penny S., Gardner, Wendi L.. The Formation of Attitudes about Political Candidates and Parties. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1998.
  • Layman, Geoffrey C., Green, John C.. The Changing Religious Voter: The Political Impact of Belonging, Believing, and Behaving in the 1960s and 1990s. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1998.
  • Mealy, Kimberly A.. The Effects of Post Materialism on Political Participation Among African Americans and Whites in the U.S.. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1998.
  • Mebane, Walter R., Jr.. Rational Expectations Coordinating Voting in American Presidential and House Elections. Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.. 1998.
  • Sheng, Emile C. J.. Information Processing and the Evaluation of Presidential Candidates: A Study of How Voters Process Political Information and the Relative Importance of Issue, Candidate, and Partisanship. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1998.
  • Bennett, Stephen Earl, Rademacher, Eric W.. The Age of Indifference Revisited: Patterns of Political Interest, Media Exposure, and Knowledge among Generation X. After the Boom.New York, NY: Rowman and Littlefield. 1997.
  • Brians, Craig Leonard. Voter Registration Laws and Turnout in America: the Last Two Decades. Dissertation, University of California, Irvine. 1997.
  • Brooks, Clem, Manza, Jeff. Partisan alignments of the 'old' and 'new' middle classes in post-industrial America. Citizen Politics in Post-Industrial Societies.Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 1997.
  • Butler, Melody Rose. Rules, Republicans, The Right to Life, and Realignment: The Polarization of Party Platforms, 1976-1996. Dissertation, Cornell University. 1997.
  • Carmines, Edward G., Layman, Geoffrey C.. Value priorities, partisanship, and electoral choice: The neglected case of the United States. Political Behavior.19, (4), 283-316.1997.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1024899805067 (DOI)
  • Coleman, John J.. The Importance of Being Republican: Forecasting Party Fortunes in House Midterm Elections . Journal of Politics.59, (2), 497-519.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2998174 (URL)
  • Coleman, John J.. The importance of being Republican: Forecasting party fortunes in House midterm elections. Journal of Politics.59, (2), 497-519.1997.
  • Cotter, Patrick R., Fisher, Samuel H., III, Williams, Felita T.. Changes in the Composition of Political Activists, 1952-1992. Southern Parties and Elections: Studies in Regional Political Change.Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press. 1997.
  • Dionne, E.J., Jr.. Political Surprises it Turns Out the Conventional Wisdom Is Not So Wise. Pittsburgh Post - Gazette.1997.
  • Erikson, Robert S., Wright, Gerald C.. Voters, Candidates, and Issues in Congressional Elections. Congress Reconsidered.Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press. 1997.
  • Fiorina, Morris P.. Professionalism, Realignment, and Representation. American Political Science Review.91, (1), 156-162.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2952266 (URL)
  • Hansen, Susan B.. Talking about politics: Gender and contextual effects on political proselytizing. Journal of Politics.59, (1), 73-103.1997.
  • Hood, M.V., III. Capturing Bubba's Heart and Mind: Group Consciousness and the Political Identification of Southern White Males, 1972-1992. Dissertation, Texas Tech University. 1997.
  • Inglehart, Ronald. Postmaterialist Values and the Erosion of Institutional Authority. Why People Don't Trust Government.Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 1997.
  • Josefson, James Sven. The Changing Construction of Partisan Identity: Party Stereotypes of the American Electorate, 1952-1994. Dissertation, Syracuse University. 1997.
  • Kinder, Donald R., Sanders, Lynn M.. Divided by Color : Racial Politics and Democratic Ideals . Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1997.
  • Ladd, Everett Carll. 1996 Vote: The 'no majority' realignment continues. Political Science Quarterly.112, (1), 1-28.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2658160 (URL)
  • Lawrence, Robert Z.. Is it Really the Economy, Stupid?. Why People Don't Trust Government.Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 1997.
  • Lawrence, Robert Z.. Postmaterialist Values and the Erosion of Institutional Authority. Why People Don't Trust Government.Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 1997.
  • Morin, Richard. Unconventional Wisdom. The Washington Post.1997.
  • Nagler, Jonathan, Niemann, Jennifer. Economic Conditions and Presidential Elections. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 1997.
  • Nagler, Jonathan, Niemann, Jennifer. Economic Voting: Enlightened Self-Interest and Economic Reference Groups. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, April, 1997.Chicago, IL. 1997.
  • Norrander, Barbara. The independence gap and the gender gap. Public Opinion Quarterly.61, (3), 464-476.1997.
    • ID: 10.1086/297809 (DOI)
  • Nudeau, Richard, Stanley, Harold W.. Age and Partisanship, 1952-1992. Southern Parties and Elections: Studies in Regional Political Change.Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press. 1997.
  • Orren, Gary R.. Fall from Grace: The Public's Loss of Faith in Government. Why People Don't Trust Government.Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 1997.
  • Rademacher, E.W.. The age of indifference revisited: Patterns of political interest, media exposure, and knowledge among Generation X. After the Boom: The Politics of Generation X.Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield. 1997.
  • Schuman, Howard, Steeh, Charlotte, Bobo, Lawrence, Krysan, Maria. Racial Attitudes in America: Trends and Interpretations. 2nd Ed.. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 1997.
  • Thernstrom, Stephan. America in Black and White: One Nation, Indivisible. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. 1997.
  • Craig, Stephen C.. The Angry Voter: Politics and Popular Discontent in the 1990s. Broken Contract? Changing Relationships Between Americans and their Government.Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 1996.
  • DiMaggio, Paul, Evans, John, Bryson, Bethany. Have Americans' Social Attitudes Become More Polarized?. American Journal of Sociology.102, (3), 690-755.1996.
    • ID: 10.1086/230995 (DOI)
  • Frymer, Paul. The 1994 Electoral Aftershock: Dealignment or Realignment in the South. Midterm: The Elections of 1994 in Context.Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 1996.
  • Hadjiharalambous, Sissie. Negative Voting in Congressional Elections: Does Representation Really Matter?. Dissertation, University of Tennesee. 1996.
  • Hansen, Susan B.. Political Proselytizing and the Social Construction of Gender. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1996.
  • Holbrook, Thomas M.. Do Campaigns Matter?. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.. 1996.
  • Kinder, Donald R., Sanders, Lynn M.. Divided by Color: Racial Politics and Democratic Ideals. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1996.
  • Shafie, David. Women and Representation at Major Party Conventions 1972-1992. annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association.San Francisco, CA. 1996.
  • Zaller, John. Sources of Incumbent Advantage in House Elections: What have Voters Got to Do With It?. NES Research and Development Conference on Congressional Elections.Chicago, IL. 1996.
  • Zilber, Jeremy Marc. Political Movements, Group Consciousness, and Participation in America. Dissertation, Ohio State University. 1996.
  • Baumer, Donald C., Gold, Howard J.. Party Images and the American Electorate. American Politics Quarterly.23, (1), 33-61.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X9502300102 (DOI)
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Update Metadata: 2015-11-10 | Issue Number: 7 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Miller, Warren E.; National Election Studies/Center for Political Studies (1984): ANES 1978 Time Series Study. Version 3. American National Election Study (ANES) Series. Version: v3. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07655.v3