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National Crime Surveys: Cities, 1972-1975

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
Creator
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1984-03-18
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
census data; cities; crime; criminal justice system; households; victimization
Description
  • Abstract

    This sample of the National Crime Survey contains information about victimization in 26 central cities in the United States. The data are designed to achieve three primary objectives: 1) to develop detailed information about the victims and consequences of crime, 2) to estimate the numbers and types of crimes not reported to police, and 3) to provide uniform measures of selected types of crimes and permit reliable comparisons over time and between areas of the country. Information about each household or personal victimization was recorded. The data include type of crime (attempts are covered as well), description of offender, severity of crime, injuries or losses, time and place of occurrence, age, race and sex of offender(s), relationship of offenders to victims, education, migration, labor force status, occupation, and income of persons involved.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Newark, 1972: Person-Level
    • DS2: St. Louis, 1972: Person-Level
    • DS3: Cleveland, 1972: Person-Level
    • DS4: Dallas, 1972: Person-Level
    • DS5: Atlanta, 1972: Person-Level
    • DS6: Baltimore, 1972: Person-Level
    • DS7: Denver, 1972: Person-Level
    • DS8: Portland, 1972: Person-Level
    • DS9: New York, 1973: Person-Level
    • DS10: Philadelphia, 1973: Person-Level
    • DS11: Chicago, 1973: Person-Level
    • DS12: Detroit, 1973: Person-Level
    • DS13: Los Angeles, 1973: Person-Level
    • DS14: Buffalo, 1974: Person-Level
    • DS15: Pittsburgh, 1974: Person-Level
    • DS16: Boston, 1974: Person-Level
    • DS17: Milwaukee, 1974: Person-Level
    • DS18: Minneapolis, 1974: Person-Level
    • DS19: Cincinnati, 1974: Person-Level
    • DS20: Miami, 1974: Person-Level
    • DS21: New Orleans, 1974: Person-Level
    • DS22: Houston, 1974: Person-Level
    • DS23: Washington, D.C., 1974: Person-Level
    • DS24: San Francisco, 1974: Person-Level
    • DS25: San Diego, 1974: Person-Level
    • DS26: Oakland, 1974: Person-Level
    • DS27: Newark, 1975: Person-Level
    • DS28: St. Louis, 1975: Person-Level
    • DS29: Cleveland, 1975: Person-Level
    • DS30: Dallas, 1975: Person-Level
    • DS31: Atlanta, 1975: Person-Level
    • DS32: Baltimore, 1975: Person-Level
    • DS33: Denver, 1975: Person-Level
    • DS34: Portland, 1975: Person-Level
    • DS35: New York, 1975: Person-Level
    • DS36: Philadelphia, 1975: Person-Level
    • DS37: Chicago, 1975: Person-Level
    • DS38: Detroit, 1975: Person-Level
    • DS39: Los Angeles, 1975: Person-Level
    • DS40: Newark, 1972: Incident-Level
    • DS41: St. Louis, 1972: Incident-Level
    • DS42: Cleveland, 1972: Incident-Level
    • DS43: Dallas, 1972: Incident-Level
    • DS44: Atlanta, 1972: Incident-Level
    • DS45: Baltimore, 1972: Incident-Level
    • DS46: Denver, 1972: Incident-Level
    • DS47: Portland, 1972: Incident-Level
    • DS48: New York, 1973: Incident-Level
    • DS49: Philadelphia, 1973: Incident-Level
    • DS50: Chicago, 1973: Incident-Level
    • DS51: Detroit, 1973: Incident-Level
    • DS52: Los Angeles, 1973: Incident-Level
    • DS53: Buffalo, 1974: Incident-Level
    • DS54: Pittsburgh, 1974: Incident-Level
    • DS56: Milwaukee, 1974: Incident-Level
    • DS57: Minneapolis, 1974: Incident-Level
    • DS58: Cincinnati, 1974: Incident-Level
    • DS59: Miami, 1974: Incident-Level
    • DS60: New Orleans, 1974: Incident-Level
    • DS61: Houston, 1974: Incident-Level
    • DS62: Washington, D.C., 1974: Incident-Level
    • DS63: San Francisco, 1974: Incident-Level
    • DS64: San Diego, 1974: Incident-Level
    • DS65: Oakland, 1974: Incident-Level
    • DS66: Newark, 1975: Incident-Level
    • DS67: St. Louis, 1975: Incident-Level
    • DS68: Cleveland, 1975: Incident-Level
    • DS69: Dallas, 1975: Incident-Level
    • DS70: Atlanta, 1975: Incident-Level
    • DS71: Baltimore, 1975: Incident-Level
    • DS72: Denver, 1975: Incident-Level
    • DS73: Portland, 1975: Incident-Level
    • DS74: New York, 1975: Incident-Level
    • DS75: Philadelphia, 1975: Incident-Level
    • DS76: Chicago, 1975: Incident-Level
    • DS77: Detroit, 1975: Incident-Level
    • DS78: Los Angeles, 1975: Incident-Level
Temporal Coverage
  • 1972 / 1975
    Time period: 1972--1975
  • 1972 / 1975
    Collection date: 1972--1975
Geographic Coverage
  • Atlanta
  • Baltimore
  • Boston
  • Buffalo
  • California
  • Chicago
  • Cincinnati
  • Cleveland
  • Colorado
  • Dallas
  • Denver
  • Detroit
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Houston
  • Illinois
  • Los Angeles
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Miami
  • Michigan
  • Milwaukee
  • Minneapolis
  • Minnesota
  • Missouri
  • New Jersey
  • New Orleans
  • New York (state)
  • New York City
  • Newark
  • Oakland
  • Ohio
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Philadelphia
  • Pittsburgh
  • Portland (Oregon)
  • San Diego
  • San Francisco
  • St. Louis
  • Texas
  • United States
  • Wisconsin
Sampled Universe
Major cities in the United States.
Sampling
Interviews were conducted with household members in each household sampled. The data for the Cities sample are organized by city for each year (1972-1975) into 39 separate incident-level and 39 separate person-level datasets. Each file represents a city for a year. A full sample of victims and a ten percent sample of non-victims for up to four incidents was employed. Thus, a maximum of four incidents per victim have been retained in the subset files. The remainder of the incidents were dropped. In the entire Cities Sample, approximately 97% of the respondents in each quarter report four or fewer incidents. As a sample of the National Crime Survey, this dataset contains 12,000 sample households selected in 26 chosen cities, with approximately 10,000 interviews having actually taken place in each.
Collection Mode
  • As part of its quality control procedures, ICPSR undertook a study using this data collection to determine whether it could replicate published figures from Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) publications. Based on study results of the analysis, ICPSR concluded that the BJS datasets accurately represent published figures. The replication study was done on the crime of robbery and used figures from the three publications identified in Appendix E of the documentation for this collection. Results of comparisons of dataset-derived estimates with published estimates are included in Appendix F.

    The survey was conducted by the United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

Note
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 79 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 79 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (77 S-99-6020).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7658 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07658.v1
Publications
  • Cohen, Jacqueline. Alternative Data Sources for the Study of Assault. Part 2 of Final Report to National Institute of Justice.. 2004.
    • ID: http://www.ncovr.heinz.cmu.edu/Docs/Special_Project/NIJ_Final_Report.pdf (URL)
  • Levitt, Steven D.. Understanding why crime fell in the 1990s: Four factors that explain the decline and six that do not. Journal of Economic Perspectives.18, (1), 163-190.2004.
    • ID: 10.1257/089533004773563485 (DOI)
  • Wheeler, Sean A.. Self-employment, criminal victimization, and community organization: Formulating effective policies for urban development. Review of Black Political Economy.29, (3), 93 -2002.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02820710 (DOI)
  • Levitt, Steven D.. The relationship between crime reporting and police: Implications for the use of Uniform Crime Reports. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.14, (1), 61-81.1998.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1023096425367 (DOI)
  • Yu, Jiang, Liska, Allen E.. The Certainty of Punishment: A Reference Group Effect and Its Functional Form. Criminology.31, (3), 447-464.1993.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1993.tb01137.x (DOI)
  • Liska, Allen E., Warner, Barbara D.. Functions of Crime: A Paradoxical Process. American Journal of Sociology.96, (6), 1441-1463.1991.
    • ID: 10.1086/229692 (DOI)
  • Liska, Allen E., Baccaglini, William. Feeling safe by comparison: Crime in the newspapers. Social Problems.37, (3), 360-374.1990.
    • ID: 10.1525/sp.1990.37.3.03a00060 (DOI)
  • Miethe, Terance D., Stafford, Mark C., Sloane, Douglas. Lifestyle changes and risks of criminal victimization. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.6, (4), 357-376.1990.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01066676 (DOI)
  • South, Scott J., Felson, Richard B.. The Racial Patterning of Rape. Social Forces.69, (1), 71-93.1990.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2579608 (URL)
  • Warner, Barbara Dawn. The Impact of Social Structure on the Reporting of Crime: A Study in the Mobilization of Law. Dissertation, State University of New York at Albany. 1989.
  • Liska, Allen E., Sanchirico, Andrew, Reed, Mark D.. Fear of Crime and Constrained Behavior Specifying and Estimating a Reciprocal Effects Model. Social Forces.66, (3), 827-837.1988.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2579577 (URL)
  • Messner, Steven F., South, Scott J.. Estimating race-specific offending rates: An intercity comparison of arrest data and victim reports. Journal of Crime and Justice.11, (2), 25-45.1988.
    • ID: 10.1080/0735648X.1988.9721370 (DOI)
  • Miethe, Terance D., Stafford, Mark C., Long, J. Scott. Social differentiation in criminal victimization: A test of Routine Activities/Lifestyle theories. American Sociological Review.52, (2), 184-194.1987.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2095447 (URL)
  • Lizotte, Alan J.. Determinants of completing rape and assault. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.2, (3), 203-217.1986.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01066526 (DOI)
  • Messner, Steven F., South, Scott J.. Economic Deprivation, Opportunity Structure, and Robbery Victimization: Intra- and Interracial Patterns. Social Forces.64, (4), 975-991.1986.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2578789 (URL)
  • South, Scott J., Messner, Steven F.. Structural determinants of intergroup association: Interracial marriage and crime. American Journal of Sociology.91, (6), 1409-1430.1986.
    • ID: 10.1086/228427 (DOI)
  • Toby, Jackson. Victims of school violence. Critique and Explanation: Essays in Honor of Gwynne Nettler.New Brunswick: Transaction. 1986.
  • Brown, Stephen E., Woolley, Thomas W.. The National Crime Survey Program: Problems in Sample Selection and Data Analysis. Social Science Quarterly.66, (1), 186-193.1985.
  • Lizotte, Alan J.. The uniqueness of rape: Reporting assaultive violence to the police. Crime and Delinquency.31, (2), 169-190.1985.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128785031002002 (DOI)
  • Cohen, Lawrence E., Land, Kenneth C.. Discrepancies Between Crime Reports and Crime Surveys: Urban and Structural Determinants. Criminology.22, (4), 499-530.1984.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1984.tb00313.x (DOI)
  • Messner, Steven F.. The 'dark figure' and composite indexes of crime: Some empirical explorations of alternative data sources. Journal of Criminal Justice.12, (5), 435-444.1984.
    • ID: 10.1016/0047-2352(84)90091-6 (DOI)
  • Nelson, James F.. The Dirichlet-Gamma-Poisson model of repeated events. Sociological Methods and Research.12, (4), 347-373.1984.
    • ID: 10.1177/0049124184012004001 (DOI)
  • Shenk, J. Frederick, Klaus, Patsy A.. The Economic Cost of Crime to Victims. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report.NCJ 93450, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1984.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/eccv.pdf (URL)
  • Stafford, Mark C., Galle, Omer R.. Victimization Rates, Exposure to Risk, and Fear of Crime. Criminology.22, (2), 173-185.1984.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1984.tb00295.x (DOI)
  • Bryan, James Bennett. The Public Compensation of Crime Victims: An Economic Analysis. Dissertation, University of Virginia. 1983.
  • Griffin, Diane Lunn. Estimation of Victimization Prevalence Using Data from the National Crime Survey. Dissertation, Carnegie Mellon University. 1983.
  • McDonald, John F., Balkin, Steven. Citizen demand for exposure to street crime. Urban Studies.20, (4), 419-429.1983.
    • ID: 10.1080/00420988320080781 (DOI)
  • O'Brien, Robert M.. Metropolitan structure and violent crime: Which measures of crime?. American Sociological Review.48, (3), 434-437.1983.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2095236 (URL)
  • Toby, Jackson. Violence in School. Crime and Justice: An Annual Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1983.
  • Decker, David L., Shichor, David, O'Brien, Robert M.. Urban Structure and Victimization. Lexington: Lexington Books. 1982.
  • Liska, Allen E., Lawrence, Joseph J., Sanchirico, Andrew. Fear of crime as a social fact. Social Forces.60, (3), 760-770.1982.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2578391 (URL)
  • Hochstedler, Ellen. Crime Against the Elderly in 26 Cities. NCJ 76709, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1981.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cae26c.pdf (URL)
  • Sparks, Richard F.. Surveys of victimization -- An optimistic assessment. Crime and Justice: An Annual Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1981.
  • Decker, Scott H.. The effect of police characteristics on alternative measures of police output. Criminal Justice Review.5, (2), 34-40.1980.
    • ID: 10.1177/073401688000500206 (DOI)
  • Rogel, Mary J., Gordon, Margaret T., Le Bailly, Robert K., Riger, Stephanie. The lifestyle-victimization hypothesis: A predictive test. American Sociological Association. 1980.
  • Young, Vernetta D.. Women, Race, and Crime. Criminology.18, (1), 26-34.1980.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1980.tb01345.x (DOI)
  • Balkin, Steven. Vitimization rates, safety, and fear of crime. Social Problems.260, (3), 343-358.1979.
    • ID: 10.1525/sp.1979.26.3.03a00090 (DOI)
  • Garofalo, James. Victimization and the fear of crime. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.16, (1), 80-97.1979.
    • ID: 10.1177/002242787901600107 (DOI)
  • McDermott, M. Joan. Rape Victimization in 26 American Cities. NCJ 55878, Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. 1979.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/55878NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • McDermott, Mary Joan. The Criminal Behavior of Juveniles and Adults: Comparisons Within Crime Categories. Dissertation, State University of New York at Albany. 1979.
  • Shichor, David, Decker, David L., O'Brien, Robert M.. Population density and criminal victimization: Some unexpected findings in central cities. Criminology.17, (2), 184-193.1979.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1979.tb01285.x (DOI)
  • Bailey, Leroy, Moore, Thomas F., Bailer, Barbara A.. An interviewer's variance study of the national crime study city sample. Journal of the American Statistical Association.73, 16-23.1978.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2286510 (URL)
  • McDermott, M. Joan. Criminal Victimization in Urban Schools. 14, Albany: Criminal Justice Research Center. 1978.
  • Gottfredson, Michael R., Hindelang, Michael J.. A consideration of telescoping and memory decay biases in victimization surveys. Journal of Criminal Justice.5, (3), 205-216.1977.
    • ID: 10.1016/0047-2352(77)90039-3 (DOI)
  • Gregg, James M.H., Bratt, Harry, Renshaw, Benjamin H.. Criminal Victimization Surveys in Houston. A National Crime Survey Report.NCJ 34821, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 1977.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/34821NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • (author unknown). Criminal Victimization Surveys in Eight American Cities. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 1976.
  • (author unknown). Criminal Victimization Surveys in 13 American Cities. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justics, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 1975.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 10 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (1984): National Crime Surveys: Cities, 1972-1975. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07658