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CBS News/New York Times Election Surveys, 1976

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • CBS News
  • The New York Times
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • CBS News/New York Times Poll Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
campaign issues; elections; exit polls; political campaigns; political issues; presidential candidates; presidential elections; primaries; voter preferences; voters; voting behavior
  • Abstract

    CBS News and The New York Times were partners in a series of election surveys covering the 1976 United States presidential election campaign. The surveys were intended to provide another dimension to the political reporting of the two organizations. The surveys, using extensive coverage early in the primary campaign, were designed to monitor the public's changing perception of the candidates, the issues, and the candidates' positions vis-a-vis the issues. Parts 1-9 contain separate nationwide surveys conducted by telephone, with approximately 1,500 randomly selected adults. Five surveys were conducted monthly from February through June, and four more between early September and the general election -- one in September and one following each presidential debate. A final survey was conducted two days after the general election. Respondents were asked for their preferred presidential candidate, their ratings of the candidates' qualifications and positions, and their opinions on a variety of political issues. Part 10, the Election Day Survey, contains a national sample of voters who were interviewed at the polls. Respondents were asked to fill out a questionnaire that asked the name of the presidential candidate for whom they had just voted, and other questions about their political preferences. Part 11 contains data for respondents who were first interviewed in Part 9, Debate Three Survey, and recontacted and reinterviewed for the Post-Election Survey. Data include respondents' voting history, their evaluation of the nominees' positions on various political issues, and their opinions on current political and social issues. Parts 12-26 contain surveys conducted in 12 states on the day of the primary at the polling place, among a random sample of people who had just voted in either the Democratic or Republican presidential primary election. These surveys were conducted in the following primary states: California, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin. There are separate files for the Democratic and Republican primaries in Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, and California, making a total of fifteen primary day "exit" surveys. Respondents were asked whom they voted for and why, the issues that were important in making their choice, and their voting history. Demographic information on respondents in all surveys may include sex, race, age, religion, education, occupation, and labor union affiliation. These files were processed by the Roper Center under a cooperative arrangement with ICPSR. Most of these data were collected by CBS News and The New York Times. The Election Day Survey was conducted solely by CBS News. Parts 1-11 were made available to the ICPSR by CBS News.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: February Survey
    • DS2: March Survey
    • DS3: April Survey
    • DS4: May Survey
    • DS5: June Survey
    • DS6: September Survey
    • DS7: Debate One Survey
    • DS8: Debate Two Survey (Registered Only)
    • DS9: Debate Three Survey (Registered Only)
    • DS10: The Election Day Survey
    • DS11: The Post-Election Survey (All)
    • DS12: New Hampshire Primary Survey
    • DS13: Massachusetts Primary Survey
    • DS14: Florida Primary Survey
    • DS15: Illinois Primary Survey
    • DS16: New York Primary
    • DS17: Wisconsin Primary Survey
    • DS18: Pennsylvania Primary Survey
    • DS19: Indiana Democratic Primary Survey
    • DS20: Indiana Republican Primary Survey
    • DS21: Michigan Democratic Primary Survey
    • DS22: Michigan Republican Primary Survey
    • DS23: California Democratic Primary Survey
    • DS24: California Republican Primary Survey
    • DS25: Ohio Democratic Primary Survey
    • DS26: Ohio Republican Primary Survey
    • DS27: Codebook Introduction
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1976
  • Collection date: 1976
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Parts 1-6: Persons in households with telephones in the coterminous United States. Parts 7-9 and 11: Registered voters with telephones in the coterminous United States. Parts 10 and 12-26: Voters in the 1976 primary election.
Collection Mode
  • (1) These files contain weights, which must be used in any data analysis. (2) There is no card image data for Part 3 and there is only card image data for Parts 11-19. Also, this collection does not contain data for Oregon as the machine-readable documentation indicates.

This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7660 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Chressanthis, George A., Shaffer, Stephen D.. Major-Party Failure and Third-Party Voting in Presidential Elections, 1976-1988. Social Science Quarterly.74, (2), 264-273.1993.
  • Ladd, Everett Carll. The 1992 vote for President Clinton: Another brittle mandate?. Political Science Quarterly.108, (1), 1-28.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Lipset, Seymour Martin. The Significance of the 1992 Election. PS, Political Science and Politics.26, (1), 7-16.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Wright, Gerald C.. Policy voting in the U.S. Senate: Who is represented?. Legislative Studies Quarterly.14, (4), 465-486.1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Geer, John G.. The Effects of Presidential Debates on the Electorate's Preferences for Candidates. American Politics Quarterly.16, (4), 486-501.1988.
    • ID: 10.1177/004478088016004005 (DOI)
  • Robinson, John P., Fleishman, John A.. A report: Ideological identification: Trends and interpretations of the liberal-conservative balance. Public Opinion Quarterly.52, (1), 134-145.1988.
    • ID: 10.1086/269086 (DOI)
  • Erikson, Robert S., McIver, John P., Wright, Gerald C.. State Political Culture and Public Opinion. American Political Science Review.81, (3), 797-814.1987.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Holbrook-Provow, Thomas M., Poe, Steven C.. Measuring State Political Ideology. American Politics Quarterly.15, (3), 399-416.1987.
    • ID: 10.1177/004478087015003006 (DOI)
  • Shapiro, Robert Y., Patterson, Kelly D., Russell, Judith, Young, John T.. A report: Employment and social welfare. Public Opinion Quarterly.51, (2), 268-281.1987.
    • ID: 10.1086/269033 (DOI)
  • Hedlund, Ronald D., Watts, Meredith W.. The Wisconsin Open Primary, 1968 to 1984. American Politics Quarterly.14, (1-2), 55-73.1986.
  • Shapiro, Robert Y., Young, John T.. The Polls: Medical Care in the United States. Public Opinion Quarterly.50, (3), 418-428.1986.
    • ID: 10.1086/268994 (DOI)
  • Wright, Gerald C., Erikson, Robert S., McIver, John P.. Measuring state partisanship and ideology with survey data. Journal of Politics.47, (2), 469-489.1985.
  • De Boer, Connie. The polls: Attitudes toward unemployment. Public Opinion Quarterly.47, (3), 432-441.1983.
    • ID: 10.1086/268801 (DOI)
  • Westlye, Mark C.. Competitiveness of Senate Seats and Voting Behavior in Senate Elections. American Journal of Political Science.27, (2), 253-283.1983.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gopoian, J. David. Issue Preferences and Candidate Choice in Presidential Primaries. American Journal of Political Science.26, (3), 523-546.1982.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hedlund, Ronald D., Hedge, David N., Watts, M.W.. Voting in an open primary. American Politics Quarterly.10, (2), 197-218.1982.
    • ID: 10.1177/004478082010002004 (DOI)
  • Carlson, Jody. George C. Wallace and the Politics of Powerlessness: The Wallace Campaigns for the Presidency, 1964-1976. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction. 1981.
  • Pomper, Gerald M.. The presidential election. The Election of 1980: Reports and Interpretations.Chatham, NJ: Chatham House. 1981.
  • Orren, Gary R.. Candidate style and voter alignment in 1976. Emerging Coalitions in American Politics.San Francisco, CA: Institute for Contemporary Studies. 1978.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

CBS News; The New York Times (1984): CBS News/New York Times Election Surveys, 1976. Version 1. CBS News/New York Times Poll Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.