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Survey of Low Income Aged and Disabled, United States, 1973-1974

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, medical records, survey data
  • United States. Social Security Administration. Office of Research and Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
activities of daily living; aging; attitudes toward aging; blindness; census data; disability income; disabled persons; employment; financial assets; government programs; health; health care; housing; independent living; low income groups; older adults; personal finances; personal income; poverty; standard of living; supplemental security income; vision impairment; welfare services
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains the results of the Survey of Low Income Aged and Disabled (SLIAD), conducted in 1973-1974 in order to collect demographic and socioeconomic data necessary for assessing the effect of the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program on potential recipients. After January 1, 1974, SSI replaced the state-administered welfare programs of Old Age Assistance (OAA), Aid to the Blind (AB), and Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled (APTD) and was meant to improve the economic well-being of the adult poor. A national sample of about 18,000 low-income aged, blind, and/or disabled adults was interviewed in 1973, and reinterviewed in 1974, after SSI was implemented. The 1974 re-interviews were conducted only with persons successfully interviewed in 1973. No new cases were added to replace first-year losses, nor were cases dropped because they no longer met SSI eligibility. Part 1 contains data gathered from a sample made up of aged and disabled persons who received OAA, AB, and/or APTD payments in 1973. Part 2 contains data gathered from a sample of low-income aged and disabled people in the general population (generated from Current Population Survey samples). The United States Census Bureau conducted the interviews and collected the data. The 1973 survey placed great emphasis on financial matters. Each respondent was asked to report income received in the preceding month and year by each of three general classes of persons in the household. The questionnaire listed more than 15 income sources including payments and awards from almost every transfer program possible, earnings from jobs and businesses, gifts, and dividends. The financial section of the questionnaire also included items aimed at establishing the value of owned property, savings and investments, the amount of indebtedness, and the amount spent for food, shelter, and other recurring household expenditures. For the most part, the remainder of the questionnaire concerned (1) household composition, (2) personal history, (3) health, health care, and the capacity for self-maintenance, (4) standard of living, as represented by housing, diet, travel, and recreation, (5) factors that might affect the relation between income and standard of living (e.g., personal preference, physical capacity, and access), and (6) attitudinal response to these conditions, circumstances, and types of status. The 1974 survey was similar in that it asked almost all of the earlier income and asset questions, but added a section on SSI payments. It also collected more detail on household living expenses. It did not repeat the biographical section or the inventory of health conditions from the 1973 survey, but did contain new questions on a spouses' funeral expenses as well as the respondent's experience with SSI.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Abstract


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Welfare File
    • DS2: Current Population Sample File
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1973--1974
  • 1973 / 1974
  • Collection date: 1973--1974
  • 1973 / 1974
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Adult, noninstitutionalized persons aged 18 and over living in the United States who were automatically eligible or potentially eligible for SSI.
A stratified, multistage cluster sample was designed to select individuals for both the welfare aged and the welfare disabled samples.
2018-11-19 This collection has been updated to include SPSS, SAS, and Stata data and setup files, a tab-delimited data file, an R data file, and PDF variable description and frequencies documents. Additionally, a geographic component has been added to the study title.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7661 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07661.v2
  • Gelernter, Judith, Lesk, Michael. Use of ontologies for data integration and curation. International Journal of Digital Curation.1, (6), 70-78.2011.
  • Mutran, Elizabeth, Ferraro, Kenneth F.. Medical need and use of services among older men and women. Journal of Gerontology.43, (5), S162-S171.1988.
  • Ferraro, Kenneth F.. Double jeopardy to health for black older adults?. Journal of Gerontology.42, (5), 528-533.1987.
  • Ferraro, Kenneth F., Mutran, Elizabeth, Barresi, Charles M.. Widowhood, health, and friendship support in later life. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.25, (3), 246-259.1984.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Ferraro, Kenneth F.. The health consequences of relocation among the aged in the community. Journal of Gerontology.38, (1), 90-96.1983.
  • Fenwick, Rudy, Barresi, Charles M.. Health consequences of marital-status change among the elderly: A comparison of cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.22, (2), 106-116.1981.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Ferraro, Kenneth F.. Self-ratings of health among the old and the old-old. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.21, (4), 377-383.1980.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Struyk, Raymond J.. Housing adjustments of relocating elderly households. Gerontologist.20, (1), 45-55.1980.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/20.1.45 (DOI)
  • Schieber, Sylvester J.. First Year Impact of SSI on Economic Status of 1973 Adult Assistance Populations. Washington, DC: United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Social Security Administration. 1978.
  • Tissue, Thomas. Survey of Low Income Aged and Disabled: A Last Look at Adult Welfare Recipients Prior to SSI, Final Report. Washington, DC: United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Research and Statistics. 1978.
  • Tissue, Thomas. The survey of low-income aged and disabled: An introduction. Social Security Bulletin.40, (2), 3-11.1977.

Update Metadata: 2018-11-19 | Issue Number: 7 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States. Social Security Administration. Office of Research and Statistics (1984): Survey of Low Income Aged and Disabled, United States, 1973-1974. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.