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National Crime Surveys: Cities Attitude Sub-Sample, 1972-1975

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data, survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1984-03-18
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
assault; auto theft; burglary; census data; cities; crime; criminal justice system; larceny; police protection; rape; robbery; victimization
Description
  • Abstract

    This subsample of the national crime surveys consists of data on personal and household victimization for persons aged 12 and older in 26 major United States cities in the period 1972-1975. The National Crime Surveys were designed by the Bureau of Justice Statistics to meet three primary objectives: (1) to develop detailed information about the victims and consequences of crime, (2) to estimate the numbers and types of crimes not reported to police, and (3) to provide uniform measures of selected types of crimes in order to permit reliable comparisons over time and between areas. The surveys provide measures of victimization on the basis of six crimes (including attempts): rape, robbery, assault, burglary, larceny, and motor vehicle theft. The total National Crime Survey employed two distinct samples: a National Sample, and a Cities Sample. The cities sample consists of information about victimization in 26 major United States cities. The data collection was conducted by the United States Census Bureau, initial processing of the data and documentation was performed by the Data Use and Access Laboratories (DUALabs), and subsequent processing was performed by the ICPSR under grants from the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). This Cities Attitude Sub-Sample study also includes information on personal attitudes and perceptions of crime and the police, the fear of crime, and the effect of this fear on behavioral patterns such as choice of shopping areas and places of entertainment. Data are provided on reasons for respondents' choice of neighborhood, and feelings about neighborhood, crime, personal safety, and the local police. Also specified are date, type, place, and nature of the incidents, injuries suffered, hospital treatment and medical expenses incurred, offender's personal profile, relationship of offender to victim, property stolen and value, items recovered and value, insurance coverage, and police report and reasons if incident was not reported to the police. Demographic items cover age, sex, marital status, race, ethnicity, education, employment, family income, and previous residence and reasons for migrating. This subsample is a one-half random sample of the Complete Sample, NATIONAL CRIME SURVEYS: CITIES, 1972-1975 (ICPSR 7658), in which an attitude questionnaire was administered. The subsample contains data from the same 26 cities that were used in the Complete Sample.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 1: 1972 Cities, Person Level Subset
    • DS2: 2: 1973 Cities, Person Level Subset
    • DS3: 3: 1974 Eastern Cities, Person Level Subset
    • DS4: 4: 1974 South and Western Cities, Person Level Subset
    • DS5: 5: 1975 Eight "Impact" Cities, Person Level Subset
    • DS6: 6: 1975 Five Largest Cities, Person Level Subset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1972 / 1975
    Time period: 1972--1975
  • 1972 / 1975
    Collection date: 1972--1975
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
A total of 26 major cities in the United States in the period 1972-1975.
Sampling
The basic sampling frame for the central cities was the complete file of housing units and persons in group quarters for each of the 26 cities, as determined by the 1970 Census of Population and Housing. Information about victimization in 26 central cities was collected in five separate surveys, each involving a similar sampling procedure. About 12,000 sample households were selected in each of the 26 cities with approximately 10,000 interviews having actually taken place in each.
Collection Mode
  • Data records generated by the National Crime Survey, both the National and City Samples, have been weighted to permit estimates of households, persons, incidents, and victimizations. When using the Attitude Subsample files, users are advised not to employ incidents as the unit of analysis because there have been no adjustments made for the survey's subsampling frame.

    Conducted by United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

Note
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 7 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 7 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7663 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07663.v1
Publications
  • Wheeler, Sean A.. Self-employment, criminal victimization, and community organization: Formulating effective policies for urban development. Review of Black Political Economy.29, (3), 93 -2002.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02820710 (DOI)
  • Yu, Jiang, Liska, Allen E.. The Certainty of Punishment: A Reference Group Effect and Its Functional Form. Criminology.31, (3), 447-464.1993.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1993.tb01137.x (DOI)
  • Liska, Allen E., Warner, Barbara D.. Functions of Crime: A Paradoxical Process. American Journal of Sociology.96, (6), 1441-1463.1991.
    • ID: 10.1086/229692 (DOI)
  • Liska, Allen E., Baccaglini, William. Feeling safe by comparison: Crime in the newspapers. Social Problems.37, (3), 360-374.1990.
    • ID: 10.1525/sp.1990.37.3.03a00060 (DOI)
  • Miethe, Terance D., Stafford, Mark C., Sloane, Douglas. Lifestyle changes and risks of criminal victimization. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.6, (4), 357-376.1990.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01066676 (DOI)
  • Shyu, Shiang-Jeou Lillian. Fear of Crime: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach. Dissertation, Wayne State University. 1989.
  • Lizotte, Alan J.. Determinants of completing rape and assault. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.2, (3), 203-217.1986.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01066526 (DOI)
  • Haghighi, Bahram. Patterns of Property Crime Victimization and Notification: A Multivariate Approach. Ph.D. dissertation, Sam Houston State University. 1985.
  • Stafford, Mark C., Galle, Omer R.. Victimization Rates, Exposure to Risk, and Fear of Crime. Criminology.22, (2), 173-185.1984.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1984.tb00295.x (DOI)
  • Landua, Paul Dwight. Demographic and Social Psychological Factors Affecting Migration in Eight United States Cities. Dissertation, University of North Texas. 1982.
  • Liska, Allen E., Lawrence, Joseph J., Sanchirico, Andrew. Fear of crime as a social fact. Social Forces.60, (3), 760-770.1982.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2578391 (URL)
  • Sparks, Richard F.. Surveys of victimization -- An optimistic assessment. Crime and Justice: An Annual Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1981.
  • (author unknown). New Orleans: Public Attitudes About Crime. National Crime Survey Report.SD-NCS-C-27, Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. 1980.
  • (author unknown). Boston: Public Attitudes About Crime. National Crime Survey Report.Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. 1979.
  • (author unknown). Buffalo: Public Attitudes About Crime. National Crime Survey Report.SD-NCS-21, Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. 1979.
  • (author unknown). Cincinnati: Public Attitudes About Crime. National Crime Series Report.Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. 1979.
  • (author unknown). Pittsburgh: Public Attitudes About Crime. National Crime Survey Report.SD-NCS-C 29, Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. 1979.
  • Balkin, Steven. Vitimization rates, safety, and fear of crime. Social Problems.260, (3), 343-358.1979.
    • ID: 10.1525/sp.1979.26.3.03a00090 (DOI)
  • (author unknown). Houston: Public Attitudes About Crime. National Crime Survey Report.Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. 1978.
  • (author unknown). Milwaukee: Public Attitudes About Crime. National Crime Survey Report.Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. 1978.
  • (author unknown). Minneapolis: Public Attitudes About Crime. National Crime Survey Report.Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. 1978.
  • (author unknown). Oakland: Public Attitudes About Crime. National Crime Survey Report.Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. 1978.
  • (author unknown). San Francisco: Public Attitudes About Crime. National Crime Survey Report.Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. 1978.
  • (author unknown). Washington, D.C.: Public Attitudes About Crime. National Crime Survey Report.Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. 1978.
  • Garofalo, James. Public Opinion About Crime: The Attitudes of Victims and Nonvictims in Selected Cities. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. 1977.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (1984): National Crime Surveys: Cities Attitude Sub-Sample, 1972-1975. Version 2. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07663.v2