My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: English

Residential Neighborhood Crime Control Project: Hartford, Connecticut, 1973, 1975-1977, 1979

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Fowler, Floyd J.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1984-03-18
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
burglary; citizen attitudes; communities; crime; crime control programs; crime prevention; fear of crime; law enforcement; neighborhood conditions; neighborhoods; police citizen interactions; police community relations; police performance; reactions to crime; residents; robbery; urban planning; urban population; urban problems; victimization
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains responses to victimization surveys that were administered as part of both the planning and evaluation stages of the Hartford Project, a crime opportunity reduction program implemented in a residential neighborhood in Hartford, Connecticut, in 1976. The Hartford Project was an experiment in how to reduce residential burglary and street robbery/purse snatching and the fear of those crimes. Funded through the Hartford Institute of Criminal and Social Justice, the project began in 1973. It was based on a new "environmental" approach to crime prevention: a comprehensive and integrative view addressing not only the relationship among citizens, police, and offenders, but also the effect of the physical environment on their attitudes and behavior. The surveys were administered by the Center for Survey Research at the University of Massachusetts at Boston. The Center collected Hartford resident survey data in five different years: 1973, 1975, 1976, 1977, and 1979. The 1973 survey provided basic data for problem analysis and planning. These data were updated twice: in 1975 to gather baseline data for the time of program implementation, and in the spring of 1976 with a survey of households in one targeted neighborhood of Hartford to provide data for the time of implementation of physical changes there. Program evaluation surveys were carried out in the spring of 1977 and two years later in 1979. The procedures for each survey were essentially identical each year in order to ensure comparability across time. The one exception was the 1976 sample, which was not independent of the one taken in 1975. In each survey except 1979, respondents reported on experiences during the preceding 12-month period. In 1979 the time reference was the past two years. The survey questions were very similar from year to year, with 1973 being the most unique. All surveys focused on victimization, fear, and perceived risk of being victims of the target crimes. Other questions explored perceptions of and attitudes toward police, neighborhood problems, and neighbors. The surveys also included questions on household and respondent characteristics.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 1973 Survey
    • DS2: 1975 Survey
    • DS3: 1976 Survey
    • DS4: 1977 Survey
    • DS5: 1979 Survey
Geographic Coverage
  • Connecticut
  • Hartford
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Adults aged 18 or older who were residents of Hartford, Connecticut, and had lived in the same housing unit for at least six months.
Sampling
Stratified random area probability sampling, clustered area probability sampling, and systematic random sampling all were employed for at least one of the five surveys between 1973 and 1979. The 1976 sample was not independent of the 1975 sample. It was conducted only on Asylum Hill (neighborhood) addresses used in 1975. In each of the surveys, households were sampled from Asylum Hill at a higher rate than those selected for other areas of the city in order to produce sufficient cases for separate analysis.
Note
Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (73-NI-99-0044, 75-NI-95-0026, and 79-NI-AX-0026).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7682 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Hope, Tim. Community crime prevention. Building a Safer Society: Strategic Approaches to Crime Prevention. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1995.
  • Taylor, Ralph B., Gottfredson, Stephen. Evnironmental design, crime, and prevention: An examination of community dynamics. Communities and Crime. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1986.
  • McCalla, Mary Ellen. Resident Responses to Crime Prevention: The Case of the Hartford Neighborhood Crime Prevention Project. Dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 1984.
  • Thomas, Anne. Prediction of Individuals' Participation in Mechanical Crime Prevention Activities. Dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park. 1984.
  • Cook, Royer F., Roehl, Janice A.. Preventing Crime and Arson: A Review of Community-Based Strategies. Reston, VA: Institute for Social Analysis. 1983.
  • Fowler, Floyd J., Jr., Mangione, Thomas W.. Neighborhood Crime Fear, and Social Control: A Second Look at the Hartford Program. NCJ 80949, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1982.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/80949NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Fowler, Floyd J., Jr., Mangione, Thomas W.. Neighborhood Crime Fear, and Social Control: A Second Look at the Hartford Program, Executive Summary. NCJ 80950, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1982.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/80950NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Fowler, Floyd J., Jr., Mangione, Thomas W.. Neighborhood Crime, Fear, and Social Control, Executive Summary. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1982.
  • Lavrakas, Paul J., Lewis, Dan A.. The conceptualization and measurement of citizens' crime prevention behaviors. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.17, (2), 254-272.1980.
    • ID: 10.1177/002242788001700208 (DOI)
  • Fowler, Floyd J., Jr., McCalla, Mary Ellen, Mangione, Thomas W.. Reducing Residential Crime and Fear: The Hartford Neighborhood Crime Prevention Program. Executive Summary.NCJ 54878, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice. 1979.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/54878NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Fowler, Floyd J., Jr., McCalla, Mary Ellen, Mangione, Thomas W.. Reducing Residential Crime and Fear: The Hartford Neighborhood Crime Prevention Program. NCJ 59257, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice. 1979.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/59257NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Fowler, Floyd J., Jr.. The Evaluation of the Hartford Experiment: A Rigorous, Multi-Method Effort to Learn Something. . 1978.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/75458NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Hollander, Brian L., Brown, Rinda R.. Reducing Residential Crime and Fear: The Hartford Neighborhood Crime Prevention Program, Executive Summary Report. Hartfort, CT: Hartford Institute of Criminal and Social Justices. 1978.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Fowler, Floyd J. (1984): Residential Neighborhood Crime Control Project: Hartford, Connecticut, 1973, 1975-1977, 1979. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07682.v1