My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: English

Current Population Survey: Annual Demographic File, 1976

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Current Population Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
census data; demographic characteristics; employment; Hispanic origins; households; income; job history; labor force; occupational mobility; population characteristics; population estimates; unemployment; working hours
  • Abstract

    This data collection supplies standard monthly labor force data on work experience, income, and migration. Comprehensive information is given on the employment status, occupation, and industry of persons 14 years old and older. Additional data are available concerning weeks worked and hours per week worked, reason not working full-time, total income and income components, and residence. In 1976, household records were introduced for the first time into the Annual Demographic File, in addition to family and person records. Information on demographic characteristics, such as age, sex, race, marital status, veteran status, household relationship, educational attainment, and Hispanic origin, is available for each person in the household enumerated.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1976-03
  • Collection date: 1976-03
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Persons in the civilian noninstitutional population of the United States living in households and members of the armed forces residing in civilian housing in 1976.
A national probability sample was used in selecting housing units.
Collection Mode
  • (1) This hierarchical file contains 184,563 records. There are approximately 291 variables and three record types: household, family, and person. Household records contain approximately 36 variables, family records contain approximately 75 variables, and person records contain approximately 180 variables. (2) All records contain weights, which must be used in any analysis. (3) This data file was obtained from the Data Program and Library Service (DPLS), University of Wisconsin. Some data management operations intended to store the data more efficiently were performed by DPLS. That organization also revised the original Census Bureau documentation. (4) The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7700 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07700.v1
  • Sakamoto, Arthur, Kim, Changhwan. Is rising earnings inequality associated with increased exploitation? Evidence for U.S. manufacturing industries, 1971-1996. Sociological Perspectives.53, (1), 19-43.2010.
    • ID: 10.1525/sop.2010.53.1.19 (DOI)
  • Diprete, Thomas A., Buchmann, Claudia. Gender-specific trends in the value of education and the emerging gender gap in college completion. Demography.43, (1), 1-24.2006.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2006.0003 (DOI)
  • Pencavel, John. A Cohort Analysis of the Association between Work Hours and Wages Among Men. Journal of Human Resources.37, (2), 251-274.2002.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Arias, Omar, McMahon, Walter W.. Dynamic Rates of Return to Education in the U.S.. Economics of Education Review.20, (2), 121-138.2001.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0272-7757(99)00067-9 (DOI)
  • Moffitt, Robert A.. Welfare Benefits and Female Headship in U.S. Time Series. Discussion Paper.1219-01, Madison, WI: Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin-Madison. 2001.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Rotolo, Thomas, McPherson, J. Miller. The System of Occupations: Modeling Occupations in Sociodemographic Space. Social Forces.79, (3), 1095-1130.2001.
    • ID: 10.1353/sof.2001.0024 (DOI)
  • (author unknown). Educational Attainment. Education Statistics Quarterly.2, (3), 73-75.2000.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Black, Sandra, Juhn, Chinhui. The rise of female professionals: Are women responding to skill demand?. American Economic Review.90, (2), 450-455.2000.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.90.2.450 (DOI)
  • Campbell, Mary E.. Payback Time: Racial, Ethnic and Gender Differences in the Effects of Education on Annual Income and Earned Income, 1976-1998. American Sociological Association. 2000.
  • Carrington, William J., McCue, Kristin, Pierce, Brooks. Using establishment size to measure the impact of Title VII and Affirmative Action. Journal of Human Resources.35, (3), 503-523.2000.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gist, John R., Wu, Ke Bin. Income growth and inequality among aged and nonaged cohorts, 1975-96. Washington, DC: AARP Public Policy Institute. 2000.
  • Moffitt, Robert A.. Welfare benefits and female headship in U.S. time series. American Economic Review.90, (2), 373-377.2000.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.90.2.373 (DOI)
  • Poterba, James M., Venti, Steven F., Wise, David A.. Saver behavior and 401(k) retirement wealth. American Economic Review.90, (2), 297-302.2000.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.90.2.297 (DOI)
  • Shih, Y.C.. Trends in full-time pharmacists' labor market characteristics. Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association.40, (1), 26-35.2000.
  • Welch, Finis. Growth in women's relative wages and in inequality among men: One phenomenon or two?. American Economic Review.90, (2), 444-449.2000.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.90.2.444 (DOI)
  • Abraham, Katharine G., Speltzer, James R., Stewart, Jay C.. Trends in worker pay: What do the data show? Why do different wage series tell different stories?. American Economic Review.89, (2), 34-39.1999.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.89.2.34 (DOI)
  • Berry, Steven, Levinsohn, James, Pakes, Ariel. Voluntary export restraints on automobiles: Evaluating a trade policy. American Economic Review.89, (3), 400-430.1999.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.89.3.400 (DOI)
  • Cotter, David A., Hermsen, Joan M., Vanneman, Reeve. Systems of Gender, Race, and Class Inequality: Multilevel Analyses. Social Forces.78, (2), 433-460.1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Ellis, W. Philip. The effects of taxing unemployment benefits. Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 1999.
  • Hoynes, Hilary. The Employment, Earnings, and Income of Less Skilled Workers Over the Business Cycle. NBER Working Paper Series.7188, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Lombard, Karen V.. Women's rising market opportunities and increased labor force participation. Economic Inquiry.37, (2), 195-212.1999.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.1999.tb01425.x (DOI)
  • Peoples, James, Peteraf, Margaret. The effects of regulatory reform on company drivers and owner operators in the for-hire and private sectors. Transportation Journal.38, (3), 5-17.1999.
  • Pryor, Frederic L.. The impact of foreign trade on the employment of unskilled U.S. workers: Some new evidence. Southern Economic Journal.65, (3), 472-492.1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Pryor, Fredric L., Shaffer, David L.. Who's Not Working and Why: Employment, Cognitive Skills, Wages, and the Changing U.S. Labor Market. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1999.
  • Wirt, John. Annual Earnings of Young Adults, by Educational Attainment. Indicator of the Month.NCES 1999-009, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. 1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • (author unknown). The State of the South, 1998: A Report to the Region and Its Leadership. Chapel Hill, NC: MDC. 1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Bavier, Richard. Rising income among families with members receiving aid to families with Dependent children (AFDC). Journal of Human Resources.33, (4), 1003-1016.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Chay, Kenneth Y.. The impact of federal civil rights policy on black economic progress: Evidence from the Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.51, (4), 608-632.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Darity, William A., Jr., Myers, Samuel L., Jr.. Persistent Disparity: Race and Economic Inequality in the United States since 1945. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. 1998.
  • Darity, William A., Jr., Myers, Samuel L., Jr., Chung, Chanjin. Racial earnings disparities and family structure. Southern Economic Journal.65, (1), 20-41.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Findeis, Jill L., Jensen, Leif. Employment Opportunities in Rural Areas: Implications for Poverty in a Changing Policy Environment. American Journal of Agricultural Economics.80, (5), 1000-1007.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Fuchs, Victor R.. Provide, provide: The economics of aging. NBER Working Paper Series.6642, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Haveman, Robert, Bershadker, Andrew. Self-reliance as a poverty criterion: Tends in earnings-capacity poverty, 1975-1992. American Economic Review.88, (2), 342-347.1998.
  • London, Rebecca. Trends in Single Mothers' Living Arrangements from 1970 to 1995: Correcting the Current Population Survey. Demography.35, (1), 125-131.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Macunovich, Diane J.. Relative cohort size and inequality in the United States. American Economic Review.88, (2), 259-264.1998.
  • Pencavel, John. The market work behavior and wages of women: 1975-94. Journal of Human Resources.33, (4), 771-804.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Radner, Daniel B.. The retirement prospects of the baby boom generation. Social Security Bulletin.61, (1), 3-19.1998.
  • Triest, Robert K.. Has poverty gotten worse?. Journal of Economic Perspectives.12, (1), 97-114.1998.
    • ID: 10.1257/jep.12.1.97 (DOI)
  • Bishop, John A., Formby, John P., Smith, W. James. Demographic change and income inequality in the United States, 1976-1989. Southern Economic Journal.64, (1), 34-44.1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Ferrall, Christopher. Empirical analysis of occupational hierarchies. Journal of Human Resources.32, (1), 1-34.1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Fulton, John A., Fuguitt, Glenn V., Gibson, Richard M.. Recent changes in metropolitan-nonmetropolitan migration streams. Rural Sociology.62, (3), 363-384.1997.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1549-0831.1997.tb00656.x (DOI)
  • Hayghe, Howard V.. Developments in women's labor force participation. Monthly Labor Review.120, (9), 41-46.1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Jacobs, Eva H.. Handbook of U.S. Labor Statistics: Employment, Earnings, Prices, Productivity, and Other Labor Data. U.S. Databook Series.Lanham: Bernan Press. 1997.
  • Jacobs, Jerry A., Qian, Zhenchao. The Mobility Patterns of Part-Time Workers. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility.15, 29-56.1997.
  • Juhn, Chinhui, Murphy, Kevin M.. Wage Inequality and Family Labor Supply. Journal of Labor Economics.15, (1), 72-97.1997.
    • ID: 10.1086/209847 (DOI)
  • Larson, Jan. The new face of homemakers. American Demographics.19, (9), 44-50.1997.
  • Schweitzer, Mark E.. Workforce composition and earnings inequality. Economic Review - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.33, (2), 13-24.1997.
  • Stewart, Jay. Has Job Mobility Increased? Evidence from the Current Population Survey: 1975-1995. Photocopied document. 1997.
  • Alsalam, Nabeel. The Cost of Higher Education. Findings from the Condition of Education, 1995.NCES 96-769, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Attanasio, Orazio P., Davis, Steven J.. Relative Wage Movements and the Distribution of Consumption. Journal of Political Economy.104, (6), 1227-1262.1996.
    • ID: 10.1086/262058 (DOI)
  • Besl, John R., Kale, Balkrishna D.. Older workers in the 21st century: Active and educated, a case study. Monthly Labor Review.119, (6), 18-28.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Blanchflower, David G., Oswald, Andrew J., Sanfey, Peter. Wages, Profits, and Rent-Sharing. Quarterly Journal of Economics.111, (1), 227-251.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Buckberg, Elaine, Thomas, Alun. Wage dispersion in the 1980s: Resurrecting the role of trade through the effects of durable employment changes. International Monetary Fund. Staff Papers.43, (2), 336 -1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Henretta, John C., Lee, Hyunkee. Cohort differences in men's late-life labor force participation. Work and Occupations.23, (2), 214-235.1996.
    • ID: 10.1177/0730888496023002005 (DOI)
  • Himmelstein, David U., Lewontin, James. Medical care employment in the United States, 1968 to 1993: The importance of health sector jobs for African Americans and women. American Journal of Public Health.86, (4), 525-528.1996.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.4.525 (DOI)
  • Himmelstein, David U., Lewontin, James P., Woolhandler, Steffie. Who administers? Who cares? Medical administrative and clinical employment in the United States and Canada. American Journal of Public Health.86, (2), 172-178.1996.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.2.172 (DOI)
  • Levenson, Alec R.. Recent Trends in Part-Time Employment. Contemporary Economic Policy.14, (4), 78-89.1996.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7287.1996.tb00635.x (DOI)
  • Moffitt, Robert, Ribar, David, Wilhelm, Mark. The Decline of Welfare Benefits in the U.S.: The Role of Wage Inequality. NBER Working Paper Series.5774, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Morris, Martina. Vive la Difference! Continuity and Change in the Gender Wage Gap, 1967-1987. Social Differentiation and Social Inequality: Essays in Honor of John Pock.Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 1996.
  • Bernhardt, Annette, Morris, Martina, Handcock, Mark S.. Women's Gains or Men's Losses? A Closer Look at the Shrinking Gender Gap in Earnings. American Journal of Sociology.101, (2), 302-328.1995.
    • ID: 10.1086/230726 (DOI)
  • Borjas, George J., Ramey, Valerie A.. Foreign Competition, Market Power, and Wage Inequality. Quarterly Journal of Economics.110, (4), 1075-1110.1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Buchinsky, Moshe. Quantile regression, Box-Cox transformation model, and the W.S. wage structure, 1963-1987. Journal of Econometrics.65, (1), 109-154.1995.
    • ID: 10.1016/0304-4076(94)01599-U (DOI)
  • Darity, William A., Jr., Myers, Samuel L., Jr., Bowman, Phillip J.. Family Structure and the Marginalization of Black Men: Policy Implications. The Decline in Marriage Among African Americans: Causes, Consequences and Policy Implications.New York: Russell Sage Foundation. 1995.
  • Deardorff, Alan V., Haveman, Jon D.. The effects of U.S. trade laws on poverty in America. Journal of Human Resources.30, (4), 807-825.1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Devine, Theresa J.. CPS Earnings Data for the Self-Employed: Words of Caution for Use and Interpretation. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement.21, (3), 213-248.1995.
  • Gallaway, Lowell. Public Policy and Part-Time Employment. Journal of Labor Research.16, (3), 305-314.1995.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02685758 (DOI)
  • Karoly, Lynn A., Burtless, Gary. Demographic Change, Rising Earnings Inequality, and the Distribution of Personal Well-Being, 1959-1989. Demography.32, (3), 379-406.1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Larson, Tom, Ong, Paul M.. A critique of the contingent labor thesis: a reply to 'comment on T. Larson and P. Ong, imbalance in part-time employment'. Journal of Economic Issues.29, (4), 1201 -1995.
  • Macunovich, Diane J.. The Butz-Ward fertility model in the light of more recent data. Journal of Human Resources.30, (2), 229-255.1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Peracchi, Franco, Welch, Finis. How representative are matched cross-sections? Evidence from the Current Population Survey. Journal of Econometrics.68, (1), 153-179.1995.
    • ID: 10.1016/0304-4076(94)01647-I (DOI)
  • Rotolo, Thomas. Occupational Ecology: An Evolutionary Theory of the Social Composition of Occupations. Dissertation, University of Arizona. 1995.
  • Smith, Thomas. The Educational Progress of Hispanic Students. Findings from the Condition of Education, 1995.NCES 95-767, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Smith, Thomas. The Educational Progress of Women. Findings from the Condition of Education, 1995.NCES 96-768, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Snider, Sarah. Characteristics of the part-time work force and part-time employee participation in health and pension benefits. Journal of Labor Research.16, (3), 239-248.1995.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02685753 (DOI)
  • Wilson, Franklin D., Tienda, Marta, Wu, Lawrence. Race and unemployment: Labor market experiences of black and white men, 1968-1988. Work and Occupations.22, (3), 245-270.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/0730888495022003002 (DOI)
  • Zheng, Buhong, Cushing, Brian J., Chow, Victor K.. Statistical tests of changes in U.S. poverty, 1975 to 1990. Southern Economic Journal.62, 334-347.1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • (author unknown). Families on Welfare: Sharp Rise in Never-Married Women Reflects Societal Trend. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Human Resources, Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives. Washington, DC: United States General Accounting Office. 1994.
  • (author unknown). Families on Welfare: Teenage Mothers Least Likely To Become Self-Sufficient. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Human Resources, Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives. Washington, DC: United States General Accounting Office. 1994.
  • Borjas, George J., Ramey, Valerie A.. Time-series evidence on the sources of trends in wage inequality. American Economic Review.84, 10-16.1994.
  • Devine, Theresa J.. Characteristics of self-employed women in the United States. Monthly Labor Review.117, (3), 20-34.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Eberts, Randall W., Schweitzer, Mark E.. Regional Wage Convergence and Divergence: Adjusting Wages for Cost-of-Living Differences. Economic Review - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.30, (2), 26-37.1994.
  • Grissmer, David W., Kirby, Sheila Nataraj, Berends, Mark, Williamson, Stephanie. Student Achievement and the Changing American Family. Research Brief.Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation, Institute on Education and Training. 1994.
  • Hendricks, Wallace. Deregulation and labor earnings. Journal of Labor Research.15, (31), 207-234.1994.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02685767 (DOI)
  • Kulkarni, Milind, Pol, Louis G.. Migration Expectancy Revisited: Results for the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s. Population Research and Policy Review.13, (2), 195-202.1994.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01080203 (DOI)
  • Larson, Tom, Ong, Paul M.. Imbalance in part-time employment. Journal of Economic Issues.28, (1), 187 -1994.
  • Moffitt, Robert A.. Welfare Effects on Female Headship With Area Effects. Journal of Human Resources.29, (2), 621-636.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Peracchi, Franco, Welch, Finis. Trends in labor force transitions of older men and women. Journal of Labor Economics.12, (2), 210-242.1994.
    • ID: 10.1086/298356 (DOI)
  • Raffalovich, Lawrence E.. Stability and Variability of Between-Occupation Earnings Inequality: A Segmented Labor-Market Approach. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility.13, 265-285.1994.
  • Topel, Robert H.. Regional labor markets and the determinants of wage inequality. American Economic Review.84, 17-22.1994.
  • Blank, Rebecca M., Card, David. Poverty, income distribution, and growth: Are they still connected?. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.(2), 285-339.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Burkhauser, Richard V., Haveman, Robert H., Wolfe, Barbara L.. How people with disabilities fare when pulic policies change. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.12, (2), 251-269.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Easterlin, Richard A., Schaeffer, Christine M., Macunovich, Diane J.. Will the Baby Boomers Be Less Well Off Than Their Parents? Income, Wealth, and Family Circumstances over the Life Cycle in the United States. Population and Development Review.19, (3), 497-522.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hoppe, Robert. Poverty in Rural America: Trends and Demographic Characteristics. Persistent Poverty in Rural America.Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 1993.
  • Juhn, Chinhui, Murphy, Kevin M., Pierce, Brooks. Wage inequality and the rise in returns to skill. Journal of Political Economy.101, (3), 410-442.1993.
    • ID: 10.1086/261881 (DOI)
  • Karoly, Lynn A.. The trend in inequality among families, individuals, and workers in the United States: A twenty-five year perspective. Uneven Tides: Rising Inequality in America.New York: Russell Sage. 1993.
  • Mayer, Susan, Jencks, Christopher. Recent trends in economic inequality in the United States: Income versus expenditure versus material wellbeing. Poverty and Prosperity in the U.S.A. the late twentieth century.New York: St. Martin's. 1993.
  • O'Neill, June, Polachek, Solomon W.. Why the Gender Gap in Wages Narrowed in the 1980s. Journal of Labor Economics.11, (1), 205-228.1993.
    • ID: 10.1086/298323 (DOI)
  • Peoples, James, Saunders, Lisa. Trucking deregulation and the black/white wage gap. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.47, (1), 23-35.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Ports, Michelle Harrison. Trends in job search methods, 1970-92. Monthly Labor Review.116, (10), 63-67.1993.
  • Raffalovich, Lawrence E.. Structural sources of change in earnings inequality: Evidence from the Current Population Survey: 1967-1981. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility.Greenwich: JAI Press. 1993.
  • Topel, Robert. What have we learned from empirical studies of unemployment and turnover?. American Economic Review.83, (2), 110-115.1993.
  • Borjas, George J., Freeman, Richard B., Katz, Lawrence. On the labor market effects of immigration and trade. Immigration and the Work Force: Economic Consequences for the United States and Source Areas.Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1992.
  • Bosworth, Barry, Burtless, Gary. Effects of Tax Reform on Labor Supply, Investment, and Saving. Journal of Economic Perspectives.6, (1), 3-25.1992.
    • ID: 10.1257/jep.6.1.3 (DOI)
  • Bound, John, Freeman, Richard B.. What Went Wrong? The Erosion of Relative Earnings and Employment among Young Black Men in the 1980s. Quarterly Journal of Economics.107, (1), 201-232.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hecker, Daniel E.. Reconciling conflicting data on jobs for college graduates. Monthly Labor Review.115, (7), 3-12.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Karoly, Lynn A.. Changes in the Distribution of Individual Earnings in the U.S.: 1967-1986. Review of Economics and Statistics.74, (1), 107-115.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Katz, Lawrence F., Murphy, Kevin M.. Changes in Relative Wages, 1963-1987: Supply and Demand Factors. Quarterly Journal of Economics.107, (1), 35-78.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Levy, Frank, Murnane, Richard J.. U.S. Earnings Levels and Earnings Inequality: A Review of Recent Trends and Proposed Explanations. Journal of Economic Literature.30, (3), 1333-1381.1992.
  • Murphy, Kevin M., Welch, Finis. The Structure of Wages. Quarterly Journal of Economics.107, (1), 285-326.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Tolbert, Charles M., Lyson, Thomas A.. Earnings Inequality in the Nonmetropolitan United States: 1967-1990. Rural Sociology.57, (4), 494-511.1992.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1549-0831.1992.tb00475.x (DOI)
  • Xie, Yu. The Socioeconomic Status of Young Male Veterans, 1964-1984. Social Science Quarterly.73, (2), 379-396.1992.
  • Bishop, John A., Chow, K. Victor, Formby, John P.. A Stochastic Dominance Analysis of Growth, Recessions and the U.S. Income Distribution, 1967-1986. Southern Economic Journal.57, (4), 936 -1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Blank, Rebecca M., Card, David E.. Recent Trends in Insured and Uninsured Unemployment: Is There an Explanation?. Quarterly Journal of Economics.106, (4), 1157-1189.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Fosu, Augustin Kwasi. Patterns of black-white unemployment in Michigan versus the nation, 1971-1989. The State of Black Michigan.East Lansing: Michigan State University Urban Affairs Programs. 1991.
  • Juhn, Chinhui, Murphy, Kevin M., Topel, Robert H.. Why has the natural rate of unemployment increased over time?. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.1991, (2), 75-126.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Krueger, Alan B., Pischke, Jorn Steffen. Effect of Social Security on labor supply: A cohort analysis of the notch generation. NBER Working Paper Series.3699, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1991.
  • Littman, Mark S.. Poverty Areas and the 'Underclass:' Untangling the Web. Monthly Labor Review.114, (3), 19 -1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • McPherson, Michael S., Schapiro, Morton Owen. Keeping College Affordable: Government and Educational Opportunity. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Pres. 1991.
  • Murphy, Kevin M., Welch, Finis. The role of international trade in wage differentials. Workers and Their Wages: Changing Patterns in the United States.Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute. 1991.
  • Angrist, Joshua D.. Does Labor Supply Explain Fluctuations in Average Hours Worked. NBER Working Paper Series.3312, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Blanchard, Olivier Jean, Diamond, Peter. The cyclical behavior of the gross flows of U.S. workers. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.1990, (2), 85-143.1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Blank, Rebecca. Are part-time jobs bad jobs?. A Future of Lousy Jobs?.Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Pres. 1990.
  • Haveman, Robert, Wolfe, Barbara. The Economic Well-Being Of The Disabled. Journal of Human Resources.25, (1), 32 -1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Macunovich, Diane J., Easterlin, Richard A.. How Parents Have Coped: The Effect of Life Cycle Demographic Decisions on the Economic Status of Pre-School Age Children, 1964-87. Population and Development Review.16, (2), 301-325.1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Maxwell, Nan L.. Changing Female Labor Force Participation: Influences on Income Inequality and Distribution. Social Forces.68, (4), 1251-1266.1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Wolfe, Barbara L., Haveman, Robert. Trends in the prevalence of work disability from 1962 to 1984, and their correlates. Milbank Quarterly.68, (1), 53-80.1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Zalokar, Nadja. The Economic Status of Black Women: An Exploratory Investigation. Washington, DC: United States Commission on Civil Rights. 1990.
  • Berger, Mark C.. Demographic Cycles, Cohort Size, and Earnings. Demography.26, (2), 311 -1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Bound, John, Freeman, Richard B.. Black economic progress: Erosion of the post-1965 gains in the 1980s?. The Question of Discrimination: Racial Inequality in the U.S. Labor Market.Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press. 1989.
  • Evans, David, Leighton, Linda. Some Empirical Aspects of Entrepreneurship. American Economic Review.79, (3), 519-535.1989.
  • Krueger, Alan B., Pischke, Jorn Steffen. The Effect of Social Security on Labor Supply: A Cohort Analysis of the Notch Generation. Working Paper.255, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University, Industrial Relations Section. 1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Murphy, Kevin M., Welch, Finis. Wage premiums for college graduates: Recent growth and possible explanations. Educational Researcher.18, (4), 17-26.1989.
  • Scott, Frank A., Berger, Mark C., Black, Dan A.. Effects of the Tax Treatment of Fringe Benefits on Labor Market Segmentation. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.42, (2), 216-229.1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Seitchik, Adam, Zornitsky, Jeffrey. From one job to the next: Worker adjustment in a changing labor market. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research. 1989.
  • Shockey, James W.. Overeducation and earnings: A structural approach to differential attainment in the U.S. labor force (1970-1982). American Sociological Review.54, (56.3), 856-864.1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Smith, Shelley A.. Sources of Earnings Inequality in the Black and White Female Labor Forces. American Sociological Association. 1989.
  • Van Wagner, Marcia J.. Regional Restructuring and Earnings Inequality in the U.S.: 1973-1981. Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin. 1989.
  • Bassi, Laurie J.. Poverty among women and children: What accounts for the change?. American Economic Review.78, (2), 91-95.1988.
  • Horrigan, Michael W., Haugen, Steven E.. The declining middle-class thesis: A sensitivity analysis. Monthly Labor Review.111, (5), 3-13.1988.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Long, Larry, Tucker, C. Jack, Urton, William L.. Migration Distances: An International Comparison. Demography.25, (4), 633 -1988.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Blackburn, McKinley L., Bloom, David E.. Earnings and Income Inequality in the United States. Population and Development Review.13, (4), 575-609.1987.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Blackburn, McKinley L., Bloom, David E.. The Effects of Technological Change on Earnings and Income Inequality in the United States. NBER Working Paper Series.2337, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1987.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Bloom, Howard S.. What Works for Whom? CETA Impacts for Adult Participants. Evaluation Review.11, (4), 510-527.1987.
    • ID: 10.1177/0193841X8701100407 (DOI)
  • Connor, Patricia Joan, Kemp, Alice Abel. Gender Differences in Labor Market Wages: A Comparison of Industrial Sector Effects and a Decomposition within Four Occupations. Social Science Journal.24, (4), 429-442.1987.
    • ID: 10.1016/0362-3319(87)90058-9 (DOI)
  • Easterlin, Richard A.. Birth and Fortune: The Impact of Numbers on Personal Welfare. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1987.
  • Glenn, Evelyn Nakano, Tolbert, Charles M., II. Race and Gender in High Technology Employment: Recent Trends in Computer Occupations. Society for the Study of Social Problems. 1987.
  • Kaufman, Robert L., Schervish, Paul G.. Variations on a Theme: More Uses of Odds Ratios to Interpret Log-Linear Parameters. Sociological Methods and Research.16, (2), 218-255.1987.
    • ID: 10.1177/0049124187016002002 (DOI)
  • Kraft, Joan Federico. Women, Computers, and Information Work. Dissertation, American University. 1987.
  • Murphy, Kevin M., Topel, Robert H.. The Evolution of Unemployment in the United States 1968-1985. NBER Macroeconomics Annual, 1987.Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press. 1987.
  • Radner, Daniel B.. Money incomes of aged and nonaged family units, 1967-84. Social Security Bulletin.50, (8), 9-28.1987.
  • Rose, Nancy L.. Labor Rent Sharing and Regulation: Evidence from the Trucking Industry. Journal of Political Economy.95, (6), 1146-1178.1987.
    • ID: 10.1086/261509 (DOI)
  • DeFreitas, Gregory. A time-series analysis of Hispanic unemployment. Journal of Human Resources.21, (1), 24-43.1986.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Dickinson, Katherine P., Johnson, Terry R., West, Richard W.. An Analysis of the Impact of CETA Programs on Participants' Earnings. Journal of Human Resources.21, (1), 64 -1986.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Garfinkel, Irwin, Moreland, Kemper, Sadka, Efraim. Budget size effects on the optimal linear income tax. Southern Economic Journal.53, (1), 187-200.1986.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Haines, Valerie A.. Energy and Urban Form: A Human Ecological Critique. Urban Affairs Quarterly.21, (3), 337-353.1986.
    • ID: 10.1177/004208168602100304 (DOI)
  • Rose, Nancy L.. Labor Rent Sharing and Regulation: Evidence from the Trucking Industry. Sloan School of Management Working Paper #1828-86.Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 1986.
  • Ryscavage, Paul M.. Reconciling divergent trends in real income. Monthly Labor Review.109, (7), 24-29.1986.
  • Alsalam, Nabeel. The Effect of Cohort Size on Earnings: An Examination of Substitution Relationships. Working Paper.21, University of Rochester Center for Economic Research. 1985.
  • Berger, Mark C., Hirsch, Barry T.. Veteran Status as a Screening Device During the Vietnam Era. Social Science Quarterly.66, (1), 79-89.1985.
  • Boskin, Michael J., Kotlikoff, Laurence J.. Public Debt and United States Saving: A New Test of the Neutrality Hypothesis. NBER Working Paper Series.1646, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1985.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Boskin, Michael J., Kotlikoff, Laurence J., Knetter, Michael. Changes in the Age Distribution of Income in the United States, 1968-1984. NBER Working Paper Series.1766, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1985.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Danziger, Sheldon, Gottschalk, Peter, Smolensky, Eugene, Weinberg, Daniel H.. The Effects of Unemployment and Policy Changes on America's Poor. Journal of Social Policy.14, (3), 313-331.1985.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0047279400014768 (DOI)
  • Gottschalk, Peter, Danziger, Sheldon. A Framework for Evaluating the Effects of Economic Growth and Transfers on Poverty. American Economic Review.75, (1), 153 -1985.
  • Sullivan, Teresa A., Clogg, Clifford C.. Market Work, Stratification, and Employment: Including the Underemployed. American Sociological Association. 1985.
  • Becker, Eugene H.. Self-employed workers: An update to 1983. Monthly Labor Review.107, (7), 14-19.1984.
  • Dooley, Martin D., Gottschalk, Peter. Earnings Inequality Among Males in the U.S.: Trends and the Effect of Labor Force Growth. Journal of Political Economy.92, (1), 59-89.1984.
    • ID: 10.1086/261208 (DOI)
  • Mare, Robert D., Winship, Christopher. The Paradox of Lessening Racial Inequality and Joblessness among Black Youth: Enrollment, Enlistment, and Employment, 1964-1981. American Sociological Review.49, (1), 39-55.1984.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Streker-Seeborg, Irmtraud, Seeborg, Michael C., Zegeye, Abera. The impact of nontraditional training on the occupational attainment of women. Journal of Human Resources.19, (4), 452-471.1984.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Topel, Robert H.. Experience Rating of Unemployment Insurance and the Incidence of Unemployment. Journal of Law and Economics.27, (1), 61 -1984.
    • ID: 10.1086/467058 (DOI)
  • Tucker, C. Jack. City-Suburban Population Redistribution: What Data from the 1970s Reveal. Urban Affairs Quarterly.19, (4), 539-549.1984.
    • ID: 10.1177/004208168401900408 (DOI)
  • Berger, Mark C., Hirsch, Barry T.. The civilian earnings experience of Vietnam-Era veterans. Journal of Human Resources.18, (4), 455-479.1983.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Murphy, Kevin, et al. Cohort Size and Earnings. Santa Monica, CA: Unicon Research Corporation. 1983.
  • Sternlieb, George, Hughes, James W.. The Uncertain Future of the Central City. Urban Affairs Quarterly.18, (4), 455-472.1983.
    • ID: 10.1177/004208168301800404 (DOI)
  • Clogg, Clifford C.. Cohort analysis of recent trends in labor force participation. Demography.19, (4), 459-479.1982.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Clogg, Clifford C., Shockey, James W.. Trends in the Mismatch between Occupation and Schooling: 1969-1980. Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association.San Francisco, CA. 1982.
  • Gordon, Henry A., et al. Unemployment and Underemployment among Blacks, Hispanics, and Women. Clearinghouse Publications.74, Washington, DC: United States Commission on Civil Rights. 1982.
  • Holzer, Harry J.. Unions and the Labor Market Status of White and Minority Youths. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.35, (3), 392-405.1982.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Banks, Vera J., Kalbacher, Judith Z.. Farm Income Recipients and Their Families: A Socioeconomic Profile. Rural Development Research Report.30, Washington, DC: United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. 1981.
  • Newby, Robert G.. The Political Economy of the Black Middle Class. Society for the Study of Social Problems. 1981.
  • Nilsen, Sigurd R.. Nonmetro Youth in the Labor Force. Rural Development Research Report.27, Washington, DC: United States Department of Agriculture, Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service. 1981.
  • Wilkie, Jane Riblett. The Trend Toward Delayed Parenthood. Journal of Marriage and Family.43, (3), 583-591.1981.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Fain, T. Scott. Self-employed Americans: Their number has increased. Monthly Labor Review.103, (11), 3-8.1980.
  • Schervish, Paul G.. Vulnerability and Power in Market Relations: The Structural Determinants of Unemployment. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison. 1980.
  • Bianchi, Suzanne M., Farley, Reynolds. Racial Differences in Family Living Arrangements and Economic Well-Being: An Analysis of Recent Trends. Journal of Marriage and Family.41, (3), 537-551.1979.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Devens, Richard M.. Unemployment among Recipients of Food Stamps and AFDC. Monthly Labor Review.102, (3), 47 -1979.
  • Stamas, George D.. Real after-tax annual earnings from the Current Population Survey. Monthly Labor Review.102, (8), 42-45.1979.
  • Vickery, Clair. Women's economic contribution to the family. The Subtle Revolution.Washington, DC: The Urban Institute. 1979.
  • Mellor, Earl F.. Workers of Spanish Origin: A Chartbook. Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin.1970, Washington, DC: United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. 1978.
  • (author unknown). Household and Family Characteristics: March 1976. Current Population Reports: Population Characteristics.Series P-20, No. 311, Suitland, MD: United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 1977.
  • Chiswick, Barry R., McCarthy, Michael D.. A note on predicting the poverty rate. Journal of Human Resources.12, (3), 396-400.1977.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Fernandez, Edward, et al. Persons of Spanish Origin in the United States: March 1976. Current Population Reports: Population Characteristics.Suitland, MD: United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 1977.
  • Johnson, Beverly L., Hayghe, Howard. Marital and Family Characteristics of the Labor Force in March 1976. Special Labor Force Report.206, Washington, DC: United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. 1977.
  • Miller, Renee H., et al. Consumer Income, Characteristics of the Population Below the Poverty Level: 1975. Current Population Reports.Series p-60, No. 106, Suitland, MD: United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 1977.
  • Fernandez, Edward W., et al. Persons of Spanish Origin in the United States: March 1976 (Advance Report). Current Population Reports: Population Characteristics.Suitland, MD: United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 1976.
  • Michelotti, Kopp. Educational Attainment of Workers, March 1976. Special Labor Force Report.193, Washington, DC: United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. 1976.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1984): Current Population Survey: Annual Demographic File, 1976. Archival Version. Current Population Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.