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Physical Violence in American Families, 1976

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Straus, Murray A. (University of New Hampshire)
  • Gelles, Richard J. (University of Rhode Island)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health
Free Keywords
family; marriage; physical violence; violence
  • Abstract

    For this study, a nationwide sample of 960 males and 1,183 females were interviewed to examine methods of conflict resolution within the family. Information was gathered regarding the following areas: resolution of conflicts between spouses and between parents and children, including detailed information on the development of conflicts resulting in violence, resolution of conflicts in the respondent's childhood family, family power structure, marital closeness and stability, personality, and stress factors.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Data File
    • DS2: SAS Data Definition Statements
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1976
  • Collection date: 1976
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Families in the United States in 1976.
National probability sample.
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7733 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07733.v1
  • Stevenson, Betsey, Wolfers, Justin. Bargaining in the Shadow of the Law: Divorce Laws and Family Distress. National Bureau of Economic Research, . 2003.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Austin, William G.. Partner violence and risk assessment in child custody evaluations. Family Court Review.39, (4), 483-496.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.174-1617.2001.tb00627.x (DOI)
  • Finkelhor, David, Hashima, Patricia Y.. The Victimization of Children and Youth: A Comprehensive Overview. Handbook of Youth and Justice.New York: Klewer Academic/Plenum Publishers. 2001.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Schumacher, Julie Ann. Battering and common couple violence: A construct validation. Dissertation, State University of New York at Stony Brook. 2001.
  • Walby, Sylvia, Myhill, Andrew. New survey methodologies in researching violence against women. British Journal of Criminology.41, (3), 502-522.2001.
    • ID: 10.1093/bjc/41.3.502 (DOI)
  • Campbell, Jacquelyn C.. Promise and perils of surveillance in addressing violence against women. Violence Against Women.6, (7), 705-727.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/10778010022182119 (DOI)
  • Gordon, Malcolm. Definitional issues in violence against women: Surveillance and research from a violence research perspective. Violence Against Women.6, (7), 747-783.2000.
  • Edleson, Jeffrey L.. The overlap between child maltreatment and woman battering. Violence Against Women.5, (2), 134-154.1999.
    • ID: 10.1177/107780129952003 (DOI)
  • Markowitz, Sara. The Price of Alcohol, Wife Abuse, and Husband Abuse. NBER Working Paper Series.6916, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Markowitz, Sara Joyce. Alcohol Regulation and Gender-Specific Parental Violence Towards Children. Dissertation, City University of New York. 1998.
  • Markowitz, Sara, Grossman, Michael. Alcohol Regulation and Violence Towards Children. NBER Working Paper Series.6359, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Markowitz, Sara, Grossman, Michael. Alcohol regulation and domestic violence towards children. Contemporary Economic Policy.16, (3), 309-320.1998.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7287.1998.tb00521.x (DOI)
  • Markowitz, Sara, Grossman, Michael. The Effects of Alcohol Regulation on Physical Child Abuse. NBER Working Paper Series.6629, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Straus, Murray A., Kantor, Glenda Kaufman. Trends in Physical Abuse by Parents from 1975 to 1992: A Comparison of Three National Surveys. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology.Boston, MA. 1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Egly, Lance C.. What Changes the Societal Prevalence of Domestic Violence?. Journal of Marriage and Family.53, (4), 885-897.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Straus, Murray A., Gelles, Richard J., Steinmetz, Suzanne K.. Behind Closed Doors: Violence in the American Family. Newbury Park, CA: Sage. 1991.
  • Straus, Murray A., Gelles, Richard J.. Physical Violence in American Families: Risk Factors and Adaptions to Violence in 8,145 Families. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction. 1990.
  • Charvat, Ann-Marie. The Significance of the Social Bond in Predicting Family Violence. Dissertation, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale. 1989.
  • Hotaling, Gerald T., Straus, Murray A., with Lincoln, Alan J.. Intrafamily violence, and crime and violence outside the family. Family Violence. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1989.
  • Straus, Murray A., Gelles, Richard J.. Violence in American families: How much is there and why does it occur?. Troubled Relationships.Newbury Park, CA: Sage. 1988.
  • Straus, Murray A., Gelles, Richard J.. Societal change and change in family violence from 1975 to 1985 as revealed by two national samples. Journal of Marriage and Family.48, 465-479.1986.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Kalmuss, Debra. The Intergenerational Transmission of Marital Aggression. Journal of Marriage and Family.46, (1), 11-19.1984.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Mills, Trudy. Victimization and self-esteem: On equating husband abuse and wife abuse. Victimology.9, (2), 254-261.1984.
  • Kalmuss, Debra S., Straus, Murray A.. Wives' marital dependency and wife abuse. Journal of Marriage and Family.44, (2), 277-286.1982.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Mills, Trudy Lorena. Violence and the Self: A Multi-Method Study. Dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 1982.
  • Dibble, Ursula, Straus, Murray A.. Some Social Structure Determinants of Inconsistency Between Attitudes and Behavior: The Case of Family Violence. Journal of Marriage and Family.42, (1), 71-80.1980.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gelles, Richard J., Straus, Murray A.. Violence in the American family. Journal of Social Issues.35, (2), 15-39.1979.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.1979.tb00799.x (DOI)
  • Straus, Murray A.. Measuring intrafamily conflict and violence: The Conflict Tactics (CT) Scales. Journal of Marriage and Family.41, (1), 75-88.1979.
  • Steinglass, Peter, Moyer, Janet. Assessing alcohol use in family life: A necessary but neglected area for clinical research. Family Coordinator.26, (11), 53-60.1977.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Straus, Murray A.; Gelles, Richard J. (1984): Physical Violence in American Families, 1976. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.