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Survey of Health Services Utilization and Expenditures, 1970

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data, and administrative records data
  • Center for Health Administration Studies
  • National Opinion Research Center
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
aging population; demographic characteristics; health attitudes; health behavior; health care costs; health care services; health expenditures; health insurance; health policy; hospitalization; insurance claims; insurance coverage; Medicaid; medical care; medical evaluation; Medicare; mental health services; older adults; payments; public opinion; rural population; satisfaction; socioeconomic status; treatment; underclass
  • Abstract

    This national survey was conducted to compare health services utilization and expenditures in 1970 with results of similar studies done in 1953, 1958, and 1964. In the survey, respondents from 3,763 families plus additional older individuals -- a total of 11,619 persons -- were interviewed in 1971. One or more persons in each family provided information regarding use of health services, the cost of such services, and how these costs were met for the calendar year 1970. Information was also collected on perceptions of illness and health, attitudes and opinions about medical care in the United States, and health beliefs. An attempt was made to verify all hospital admissions, physician visits, and insurance reports and claims. These verifications had two purposes: first, to determine if the reported care was, in fact, provided during the survey year, and second, to elicit more precise information than the families were likely to give on diagnoses, costs, kinds of treatment, and sources of payment for services. Verification data were obtained for over 90 percent of the hospital admissions and for two-thirds of the physician visits. Demographic data were also collected, including age, sex, race, education, occupation, income, and place of residence.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1970
  • Collection date: 1971
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The total noninstitutionalized population of the United States in 1970.
The probability sample selected to represent the universe consisted of 3,763 families plus additional older individuals, for a total of 11,619 persons. The inner-city poor, the aged, and rural residents were overrepresented in the sample design so that these groups of particular policy interest could be examined in detail. Weights were developed to allow for estimates to be made for the total noninstitutionalized population of the United States. The dataset may be condensed from a "per person" basis to a "per family" basis by excluding 115 cases (in which only family members aged 66 and over were selected and interviewed as sample persons while little or no information was collected for remaining family members) listed by identification numbers in the notes.
Collection Mode
  • (1) The data collection instrument is available only in hardcopy form upon request from ICPSR. (2) This collection was obtained by ICPSR from the Machine-Readable Records Division, National Archives and Records Service.

This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7740 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Cutler, David M., Richardson, Elizabeth, Keeler, Theodore E., Staiger, Douglas. Measuring the health of the U.S. population. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.217-271.1997.
  • Corder, Larry S., Manton, Kenneth G.. National surveys and the health and functioning of the elderly: The effects of design and content. Journal of the American Statistical Association.86, (414), 513-525.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Anderson, Ronald, Lion, Joanna, Anderson, Odin W.. Two Decades of Health Services: Social Survey Trends in Use and Expenditures. Cambridge: Ballinger Press. 1976.
  • Anderson, Ronald, Dravits, Joanna, Anderson, Odin W.. Equity in Health Services: Empirical Analysis in Social Policy. Cambridge: Ballinger Press. 1975.
  • Anderson, Ronald, et al. Expenditures for Personal Health Services: National Trends and Variations, 1953-1970. Health Resources Administration.DHEW (HRA) 74-3105, Health Resources Administration. 1973.
  • Anderson, Ronald, et al. Health Service Use: National Trends and Variations. Health Services and Mental Health Administration.DHEW (HSM) 73-3004, Health Services and Mental Health Administration. 1972.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Center for Health Administration Studies; National Opinion Research Center (1984): Survey of Health Services Utilization and Expenditures, 1970. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.