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Political Participation and Equality in Seven Nations, 1966-1971

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Verba, Sidney
  • Nie, Norman H.
  • Kim, Jae-On
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
  • Ford Foundation
  • Carnegie Corporation
Free Keywords
community participation; political attitudes; political efficacy; political issues; political organizations; political participation; social attitudes
  • Abstract

    This data collection is composed of seven files: six individual country datasets (Austria, India, Japan, Netherlands, Nigeria, and Yugoslavia) and a comparative cross-national dataset. The study resulted from data collected for the collaborative project "Cross-National Program in Political and Social Change" in seven nations conducted primarily by Sidney Verba, Norman H. Nie, and Jae-On Kim. This survey was designed to deal comprehensively with one aspect of the larger study: to ascertain the ways citizens participate politically in local and national affairs and the processes that lead them to do so. Personal interviews were conducted from 1966 to 1971 in seven nations, including the United States. The United States dataset can be found separately in the collection, POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN AMERICA, 1967 [ICPSR 7015], and is included in the Cross-National file (Part 7). Questions were asked to measure respondents' involvement in political organizations at both the local and national levels, participation in formal and informal community groups, the extent of individual contact with public officials, attitudes toward recent political and social changes, and interest in the political process. Demographic items specify age, sex, marital status, occupation, household composition, length of stay in community, size of community, education, home ownership, family income, political party identification, religion, race, union membership, position in union, and reason for joining union.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 1: Austria
    • DS2: 2: India
    • DS3: 3: Japan
    • DS4: 4: The Netherlands
    • DS5: 5: Nigeria
    • DS6: 6: Yugoslavia
    • DS7: 7: Cross-National File
Temporal Coverage
  • 1966 / 1971
    Time period: 1966--1971
  • 1966 / 1971
    Collection date: 1966--1971
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria
  • Global
  • India
  • Japan
  • Netherlands
  • Nigeria
  • Yugoslavia
Sampling procedures varied by nation. In general, a national representative sample of a cross-section of the citizens in each nation was generated. Also generated was a set of mini-community samples for 60-100 communities, a sample of elites for each of these communities, and numerous types of information on the demography and structure of each of the communities. In Austria, Japan, the Netherlands, and the United States, the cross-section samples are representative of the entire nation. In the other three nations, India, Yugoslavia, and Nigeria, the samples pertain to specified sub-national regions. In all nations, except the U.S., the cross-section samples are multi-staged area probability samples to the level of the individual. The U.S. sample is a multi-staged area probability sample to the block level, with block quota techniques employed for the final selection of respondents.
2000-05-01 The SPSS data definition statements for this collection were updated and SAS data definitions statements files have been added. In addition, the codebooks are available in Portable Document Format, and the data files have been reordered. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation. Ford Foundation. Carnegie Corporation.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7768 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Smits, Jeroen, Ultee, Wout, Lammers, Jan. Educational homogamy in 65 countries: An explanation of differences in openness using country-level explanatory variables. American Sociological Review.63, (2), 264-285.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Reisinger, William M., Miller, Arthur H., Hesli, Vicki L.. Public behavior and political change in post-Soviet states. Journal of Politics.57, (4), 941-970.1995.
  • Powell, G. Bingham, Jr.. American voter turnout in comparative perspective. American Political Science Review.80, (1), 17-43.1986.
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  • Verba, Sidney, Orren, Gary R.. Equality in America: The view from the Top. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 1985.
  • Zuckerman, Alan S., West, Darrell M.. The political bases of citizen contacting: A cross-national analysis. American Political Science Review.79, (1), 117-131.1985.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Verba, Sidney, Shabad, Goldie. Workers' councils and political stratification: The Yugoslav experience. American Political Science Review.72, (1), 80-95.1978.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hansen, Susan B.. Participation, political structure, and concurrence. American Political Science Review.69, (4), 1181-1199.1975.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Nie, Norman H., Powell, G. Bingham, Jr., Prewitt, Kenneth. Social structure and political participation: Developmental relationships, part I. American Political Science Review.63, (2), 361-378.1969.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Verba, Sidney; Nie, Norman H.; Kim, Jae-On (1984): Political Participation and Equality in Seven Nations, 1966-1971. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.