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Political Action: An Eight Nation Study, 1973-1976

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Barnes, Samuel H. (University of Michigan. Center for Political Studies)
  • Kaase, Max
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1984-06-20
Funding Reference
  • Economic and Social Research Council (United Kingdom)
  • Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Germany)
  • Tilburg University (Netherlands)
  • Austrian Science Fund
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health
  • Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (Italy)
  • Fonds National Suisse de la Recherche Scientifique (Switzerland)
  • Academy of Finland. Social Science Research Council
  • United States Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences
Language
English
Free Keywords
beliefs; cultural values; family relationships; income; life satisfaction; political action; political affiliation; political awareness; political efficacy; political ideologies; political participation; social attitudes; trust in government; voting behavior
Description
  • Abstract

    The wave of unrest of the late 1960s and early 1970s in advanced industrial societies provided the impetus for this cross-national study of conventional and unconventional forms of political participation. This is an integrated dataset of national sample surveys that were conducted via personal interview during 1973-1976 in eight nations: Great Britain, Germany, Netherlands, Austria, United States, Italy, Switzerland, and Finland. Part 1 contains data gathered in a cross-section sample from 12,588 respondents 16 years of age and over. Part 2 contains data gathered from 1,635 parent-child pairs (with the child being 16-20 years of age) who were part of the first sample and who were further interviewed. The surveys focused on various forms and combinations of political activity ranging from voting to protest actions, and on individual propensities to perform these activities. Among the factors explored in the surveys as contributors to those political activities are personal satisfaction and deprivation, interest in politics, perception of over- and underprivileged groups, left-wing/right-wing self-placement, political attitudes and values, materialist/post-materialist standards, voting behavior, conventional political participation, subjective social class, system responsiveness, political efficacy, attitudes toward young people, ideological sophistication, and satisfaction with government's political, social, and economic policies. Demographic data collected from respondents include age, sex, ethnic origin, number of siblings, father's occupation, family's wealth when young, parents' political preference and education, respondent's religious activity, marital status, number of children, educational level, employment status, organizational membership, current occupation, union membership, and personal, family, and desired income.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Cross-Section
    • DS2: Parent-Child Pairs
Temporal Coverage
  • 1973 / 1976
    Time period: 1973--1976
  • 1973 / 1976
    Collection date: 1973--1976
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria
  • Europe
  • Finland
  • Germany
  • Great Britain
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Switzerland
  • United States
  • Global
Sampled Universe
Persons aged 16 and over in Great Britain, Germany, Netherlands, Austria, United States, Italy, Switzerland, and Finland.
Sampling
National multistage probability samples were used to select a valid cross-section of the population 16 years of age and over in each of the eight countries making up the study's universe. In addition to the cross-section sample, interviews were carried out to provide information on parent-child pairs. In sample households that contained at least one 16- to 20-year-old member, in addition to the respondent selected by the usual household listing selection procedure, a supplementary interview was conducted with the respective other member of the pair.
Collection Mode
  • (1) These data were processed by the Zentralarchiv fuer empirische Sozialforschung at the University of Cologne in cooperation with ICPSR on the basis of eight surveys carried out independently. Although a common set of questions had been agreed upon by the principal investigators, the eight questionnaires showed a considerable amount of diversity with respect to sequence of questions and coding. Therefore, prior to any data processing, a "common core" of the eight surveys was defined by including any question asked in at least three of the eight surveys, making an "integrated" dataset. (2) More detailed technical descriptions (than provided by this dataset's codebook) of sampling procedures, interviewer characteristics, and comparisons of the sample estimate with known population characteristics have been deposited with the Zentralarchiv.

Note
2006-04-05 This study has been updated from OSIRIS and now includes SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files, a SAS transport (XPORT) file, a SPSS portable file, and a Stata system file for both parts. Funding insitution(s): Economic and Social Research Council (United Kingdom). Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Germany). Tilburg University (Netherlands). Austrian Science Fund. United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (Italy). Fonds National Suisse de la Recherche Scientifique (Switzerland). Academy of Finland. Social Science Research Council. United States Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences.
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7777 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • De Graaf, Nan Dirk. Event History Data and Making a History out of Cross-Sectional Data. Quality and Quantity.33, (3), 261-276.1999.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1004635910768 (DOI)
  • Ryan, John, Hughes, Michael, Hawdon, James. Marital status, general-life satisfaction and the welfare state: a cross-national comparison. International Journal of Comparative Sociology.39, (2), 224 -1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/002071529803900205 (DOI)
  • Jennings, M. Kent. Political participation in the Chinese countryside. American Political Science Review.91, (2), 361-372.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2952361 (URL)
  • Jenkins, J. Craig, Wallace, Michael. The generalized action potential of protest movements: The new class, social trends, and political exclusion explanations. Sociological Forum.11, (2), 183-207.1996.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02408364 (DOI)
  • Kaase, Max, Newton, Kenneth. Beliefs in Government. Beliefs in Government series, vol. 5.New York: Oxford University Press. 1995.
  • Reisinger, William M., Miller, Arthur H., Hesli, Vicki L.. Public behavior and political change in post-Soviet states. Journal of Politics.57, (4), 941-970.1995.
  • Weakliem, David L.. Does social mobility affect political behavior?. European Sociological Review.8, (2), 153-165.1992.
  • Hall, Robert L., Rodeghier, Mark, Useem, Bert. Effects of Education on Attitude to Protest. American Sociological Review.51, (4), 564-576.1986.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2095588 (URL)
  • Powell, G. Bingham, Jr.. American voter turnout in comparative perspective. American Political Science Review.80, (1), 17-43.1986.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1957082 (URL)
  • Powell, G. Bingham, Jr.. Extremist Parties and Political Turmoil: Two Puzzles. American Journal of Political Science.30, (2), 357-378.1986.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111101 (URL)
  • Barnes, Samuel H., McDonough, Peter, Pina, Antonio Lopez. The development of partisanship in new democracies: The case of Spain. American Journal of Political Science.29, (4), 695-720.1985.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111177 (URL)
  • Niemi, Richard G., Powell, G. Bingham, Jr., Stanley, Harold W., Evans, C. Lawrence. Testing the Converse partisanship model with new electorates. Comparative Political Studies.18, (3), 300-322.1985.
    • ID: 10.1177/0010414085018003002 (DOI)
  • Pescosolido, Bernice A., Boyer, Carol A., Tsui, Wai Ying. Medical Care in the Welfare State: A Cross-National Study of Public Evaluations. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.26, (4), 276-297.1985.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2136653 (URL)
  • Rapoport, Ronald B.. Like Mother, Like Daughter: Intergenerational Transmission of DK Response Rates. Public Opinion Quarterly.49, (2), 198-208.1985.
    • ID: 10.1086/268914 (DOI)
  • Dalton, Russell J.. Cognitive mobilization and partisan dealignment in advanced industrial democracies. Journal of Politics.46, (1), 264-284.1984.
  • Inglehart, Ronald. The changing structure of political cleavages in western society. Electoral Change: Realignment and Dealigment in Advanced Industrial Democracies.Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1984.
  • Muller, Edward N., Godwin, R. Kenneth. Democratic and aggressive political participation: Estimation of a nonrecursive model. Political Behavior.6, (2), 129-146.1984.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01207758 (DOI)
  • Jennings, M. Kent. Gender roles and inequalities in political participation: Results from an eight-nation study. Western Political Quarterly.36, (3), 364-385.1983.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/448396 (URL)
  • Sanders, David, Tanenbaum, Eric. Direct action and political culture: The changing political consciousness of the British public. European Journal of Political Research.11, (1), 45-61.1983.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-6765.1983.tb00042.x (DOI)
  • Sigelman, Lee, Feldman, Stanley. Efficacy, mistrust and political mobilization: A cross-national analysis. Comparative Political Studies.16, (1), 118-143.1983.
    • ID: 10.1177/0010414083016001005 (DOI)
  • Treiman, Donald J., Roos, Patricia A.. Sex and Earnings in Industrial Society: A Nine-Nation Comparison. American Journal of Sociology.89, (3), 612-653.1983.
    • ID: 10.1086/227907 (DOI)
  • Inglehart, Ronald. Post-Materialism in an Environment of Insecurity. American Political Science Review.75, (4), 880-900.1981.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1962290 (URL)
  • Jennings, M. Kent, Farah, Barbara G.. Ideology, gender, and political action: A cross-national survey. British Journal of Political Science.10, (2), 219-240.1980.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0007123400002106 (DOI)
  • Allerbeck, Klaus R.. Beziehungen zwischen jugendlichen und eltern. Familie--Wohin?.Hamburg: Rowohlt Verlag. 1979.
  • Barnes, Samuel H., Kaase, Max, Allerbeck, Klaus R.. Political Action: Mass Participation in Five Western Democracies. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. 1979.
  • Heunks, Felix J.. Nederlanders en Hun Samenleving (Summary in English). Amsterdam: Holland Universiteits. 1979.
  • Marradik, Alberto. Dimensioni dello spazio politico in Italia (Dimensions in the Italian political sphere. Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica.9, (2), 263-296.1979.
  • Marsh, Alan. The new matrix of political action. Futures.11, (2), 91-103.1979.
    • ID: 10.1016/0016-3287(79)90030-2 (DOI)
  • Matheson, David K.. Ideology, Political Action and the Finnish Working Class: A Survey Study of Political Behavior. Helsinki: Societas Scientarum Fennica. 1979.
  • Pesonen, Pertti. Kiinnostus ja Puoluekanta: 'U-Kaeyraeteorian' Neljaes Askel. Politiikka.135-148.1979.
  • Pesonen, Pertti, Sankiaho, Risto. Kansalaiset ja Kansanvalta: Suomalaisten kasityksia poliittisesta toiminnasta. Porvoo: Soderstrom. 1979.
  • Rosenmayr, Leopold. Determinanten Politischer Beteiligung. Wien: Verlag fuer Geschichte und Politik. 1979.
  • Rosenmayr, Leopold, Eder, Anselm. Die Wohldefinierte Generation (Politische Aktivitaeten und Politische Sozialation im Altersgruppenvergleich). Wien: Verlag fur Geschichte. 1979.
  • Marradi, Alberto. Immagini di Massa della DC e del PCI. Immagini di Massa la Politica nell' Italia Che Cambia.Milano: Feltrinelli. 1978.
  • Sani, Giacomo, Sartori, Giovanni. Frammentazione, polarizzazione e cleavages: Democrazie facili e difficili (Fragmentation, polarization and the structure of cleavages: Easy and difficult democracies). Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica.8, (3), 339-361.1978.
  • Eder, Anselm. Ideologie und Protest. Dissertation, Vienna. 1977.
  • Heunks, Felix J.. Vervreemding onderzocht (Alienation investigated). Mens en Maatschappij.52, (2), 172-205.1977.
  • Jennings, M. Kent. Analyzing pairs in cross-national survey research. European Journal of Political Research.5, (2), 179-197.1977.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-6765.1977.tb01220.x (DOI)
  • Jennings, M. Kent, Farah, Barbara G.. Continuities in comparative research strategies: The Mannheim Data Confrontation Seminar. Social Science Information.16, (2), 231-249.1977.
    • ID: 10.1177/053901847701600206 (DOI)
  • Kaase, Max. Strukturen politischer beteiligung. Form und Ergahrung.Berlin: Duncker und Humblot. 1977.
  • Klingemann, Hans D.. Ideologisches Denken in der Bevoelkerung Westlicher Industriegesellschaften. Habilitationsschrift, Mannheim. 1977.
  • Marsh, Alan. Protest and Political Consciousness. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. 1977.
  • Allerbeck, Klaus R., Rosenmayr, Leopold. Einfuhrung in Die Jugendsoziologie. Heidelberg: Quelle und Meyer. 1976.
  • Heunks, Felix J.. Politieke participatie. Kernthema's van de Politicologie.Meppel/Amsterdam: Boom. 1976.
  • Kaase, Max. Bedingungen unkonventionellen politischen verhaltens in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Legitimationshprobleme Politischer Systeme.Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag. 1976.
  • Kaase, Max. Political ideology, dissatisfaction and protest: A micro theory of unconventional political behavior. German Political Studies.Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. 1976.
  • Konig, Rene. Handbuch der Empirischen Sozialforschung, vol. 6, no. 2. Stuttgart, Germany: Verlag F. Enke. 1976.
  • Sani, Giacomo. La nuova immagine del PCI e l'elettorato Italiano. I Comunismo in Italia e Francia.Milano: Etas. 1976.
  • Kaase, Max, Klingemann, Hans D.. Politische Ideologie und Politische Beteiligung. Mannheimer Berichte.Universitaet Mannheim. 1975.
  • Marsh, Alan. Explorations in unorthodox political behavior: A scale to measure 'protest potential'. European Journal of Political Research.2, 1974.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-6765.1974.tb01233.x (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Barnes, Samuel H.; Kaase, Max (1984): Political Action: An Eight Nation Study, 1973-1976. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07777.v1