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Wildlife Recreation Survey, 1975

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Rothschild, Beth B.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation (FHWAR) Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of the Interior
Free Keywords
demographic characteristics; fishing; human behavior; hunting; leisure; outdoor recreation; public opinion; recreation; states (USA); target shooting; time utilization
  • Abstract

    This dataset contains survey data from the first phase of a two-phase study of the use and enjoyment of hunting, fishing, and associated wildlife recreation resources in the United States in 1975. Data were gathered about 322,908 individuals of all ages throughout the United States via telephone surveys conducted with heads of households (or if not possible, a knowledgeable household member over 18 years of age) who were asked questions about all members in the household. The study's 33 variables measure the amount of target shooting, plinking, firearm and bow hunting, fishing, photographing, crabbing, clamming, shell collecting, and wildlife observation each person engaged in during 1975. There are also several demographic variables, e.g., age, gender, state of residence, household size and income, and money spent on equipment for observing wildlife. The second phase of this survey, which is captured in the related dataset NATIONAL HUNTING AND FISHING SURVEY, 1975 (ICPSR 7772), contains data from a more detailed mail survey of a sample of hunters and fishermen drawn from the telephone sample in this study.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1975
  • Collection date: 1976
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Persons living in the United States with telephones.
A probability sample of telephone exchanges in each of the 50 United States was drawn and distributed throughout each state. Depending on the proportion of the metro/non-metro residents, the number of metro to non-metro exchanges was selected on a 1:1 (nine states), 1:3 (seven states), or 1:2 (all other states) ratio, in order to enhance the possibility of identifying more hunters and fishermen for the follow-up mail survey phase (ICPSR 7772). Then a systematic random sample was drawn from all the four-digit numbers within the random banks of all sample exchanges. The subsequent seven-digit telephone numbers were then randomized within each state. A sufficient number of private-household telephone numbers was generated to allow the completion of approximately 2,000 household telephone interviews per state (with some exceptions), for a total of 106,294 households.
Collection Mode
  • This study was conducted by a research company representing the United States Department of the Interior. Gathering information on the use and enjoyment of fish and wildlife resources was authorized by the Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956.

This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7787 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Rothschild, Beth B. (1984): Wildlife Recreation Survey, 1975. Version 1. National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation (FHWAR) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.