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Americans' Use of Time, 1965-1966, and Time Use in Economic and Social Accounts, 1975-1976: Merged Data

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Converse, Philip E.
  • Juster, F. Thomas
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Americans' Use of Time Series
Publication Date
1984-07-02
Language
English
Free Keywords
family life; family work relationship; households; housework; leisure; lifestyles; memberships; quality of life; recreation; social interaction; social life; time utilization; work
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains a single concatenated file that merges common variables for respondents from two separate surveys, including 1,241 respondents from AMERICAN'S USE OF TIME, 1965-1966 (ICPSR 7254), and 812 respondents from TIME USE IN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL ACCOUNTS, 1975-1976 (ICPSR 7580), for a total of 2,053 respondents. The sample was restricted to match the design of the earlier study, so the merged file includes data for individual Americans between 19 and 65 years of age living in cities with a population between 30,000 and 280,000, and in households that had at least one adult employed in a non-farming occupation. Two general types of information were gathered in both studies: sociodemographic background characteristics and time use data for a 24-hour period. The 1965-1966 time use data were obtained from a diary of activities kept by the respondent over a 24-hour period, and the 1975-1976 data were collected in face-to-face interviews. In both cases, the sociodemographic data also were gathered from personal interviews. The merged file contains sociodemographic background data that includes age, sex, race, relationship to head of household, occupation, marital status, number and age of children in household, homeowner/renter status, residence tenure, number of paid household help, number of books owned, church/religious preferences, highest level of education attained, whether raised on a farm, and income level. The time use data in the merged file chronicles activities such as work outside the home, household/domestic work, child care, obtaining goods and services, personal care needs, education and professional training, organization involvement, entertainment/social activities, sports/active leisure, and passive leisure.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Adults between 19 and 65 years of age living in cities in the United States with a population between 30,000 and 280,000, and in households that had at least one adult employed in a non-farming occupation.
Sampling
In AMERICAN'S USE OF TIME, 1965-1966 (ICPSR 7254), a national cross-section sample was used, plus a group of approximately 776 respondents from Jackson, Michigan. In TIME USE IN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL ACCOUNTS, 1975-1976 (ICPSR 7580), multistage area probability sampling was used. Respondents living in areas not comparable to the 1965 urban sampling areas were excluded when creating the merged data collection.
Collection Mode
  • Due to changes in coding and editing procedures from 1965 to 1975, some detail in time use activity codes was lost and activity codes could not be made exactly comparable in all cases.

Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7796 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07796.v1
Publications
  • Sayer, Liana C., Bianchi, Suzanne M., Robinson, John P.. Are Parents Investing Less in Children? Trends in Mothers' and Fathers' Time With Children. American Journal of Sociology.110, (1), 1-43.2004.
    • ID: 10.1086/386270 (DOI)
  • Mayer, William G.. Poll trends: Trends in media usage. Public Opinion Quarterly.57, (4), 593-611.1993.
    • ID: 10.1086/269398 (DOI)
  • Schor, Juliet B.. The Overworked American: The Unexpected Decline of Leisure. New York: Basic Books. 1991.
  • Eisner, Robert. Extended Accounts for National Income and Product. Journal of Economic Literature.26, (4), 1611-1684.1988.
  • Coverman, Shelley, Sheley, Joseph F.. Change in Men's Housework and Child Care Time, 1965-1975. Journal of Marriage and Family.48, (2), 413-422.1986.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/352409 (URL)
  • Robinson, John P.. How Americans Use Time: A Social-Psychological Analysis of Everyday Behavior. New York: Praeger. 1977.
  • Szalai, Alexander. The Use of Time: Daily Activities of Urban and Suburban Populations in Twelve Countries. The Hague: Mouton. 1972.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Converse, Philip E.; Juster, F. Thomas (1984): Americans' Use of Time, 1965-1966, and Time Use in Economic and Social Accounts, 1975-1976: Merged Data. Archival Version. Americans' Use of Time Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07796