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Students in Secondary Schools in France, 1864

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Harrigan, Patrick J.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
curriculum; family history; high school students; high schools; nineteenth century; occupational mobility; occupations; private schools; public schools; schools; secondary education; social history; social mobility; socioeconomic indicators; students; France
  • Abstract

    This study is based on data collected from questionnaires administered in 1864 by the French historian Victor Duruy, who was serving as Minister of Education under Napoleon III. In Duruy's inquiry into France's secondary schools and students, leaders of French education answered more than 100 questions on a variety of subjects including curriculum, textbooks, qualifications of instructors, the relationship between public and private schools, and the public image of these schools. This file contains the portion of those data that illuminates the socioeconomic origins of students and the degree of social mobility fostered by public education. The 27,771 records in the file represent each of the students and graduates who were studied, as well as many of their fathers. Variables selected from the original questionnaire to be used specifically to analyze mobility include school identification number, departement/province number, type of school/lycee/college, student identification number, student status (current or graduate), intended occupation of student/graduate, occupation of student's father, type of curriculum at schools, occupational groupings of students, and occupational groupings of fathers.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1864
Geographic Coverage
  • Global
Sampled Universe
Students in secondary schools in France in 1864.
Collection Mode
  • The eight appendices of the codebook contain coding guidelines and notes in French only.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7806 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07806.v1
  • Baker, Donald N., Harrigan, Patrick J.. The Making of Frenchmen: Current Directions in the History of Education in France. Waterloo, Ontario: Historical Reflections Press. 1980.
  • Harrigan, Patrick J.. Mobility, Elites, and Education in French Society of the Second Empire. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press. 1980.
  • Harrigan, Patrick J.. Lyceens et Collegiens Sous le Second Empire : Etude Statistique sur les Fonctions Sociales de l'Enseignement Secondaire Public d'Apres l'Enquete de Victor Duruy (1864-1865). Paris: Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l'Homme. 1979.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Harrigan, Patrick J. (1984): Students in Secondary Schools in France, 1864. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.