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CBS News/New York Times Election Surveys, 1980

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • CBS News/The New York Times
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • CBS News/New York Times Poll Series
Publication Date
1984-05-08
Funding Reference
  • Russell Sage Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
campaign issues; presidential candidates; presidential debates; presidential elections; public opinion; voter attitudes; voter preferences; voting behavior
Description
  • Abstract

    The New York Times and CBS News were equal partners in a series of election surveys covering the 1980 election year. The content of this data collection generally concerns the presidential preference of respondents, their reasons for choosing a particular candidate, and their reactions to political and social issues of the campaign. There are 28 datasets in the collection, which fall into three categories: national monthly surveys, primary day surveys, and the election day survey. Parts 1-12 contain national monthly surveys that were conducted by telephone, with approximately 1,500 randomly selected adults in each. Surveys were conducted in January, February, March, April, June, August, September, and October. Two telephone surveys were conducted in September, a pre-debate survey and a post-debate survey. Also, two surveys were conducted in October. A post-election survey was conducted in the days following the election. For the post-election survey, the respondents in Part 11, October Pre-Election National Interviews, were reinterviewed. The post-election survey is released as a panel file and incorporates Part 11 responses as well. Parts 13-27 contain primary day surveys that were conducted in 11 states on the day of the primary at the polling place among a random sample of people who had just voted in either the Democratic or Republican presidential primaries. The questionnaires were self-administered. Surveys were conducted in the following states: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Florida, Illinois, New York, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, California, New Jersey, and Ohio. There are separate data files for the Democratic and Republican primaries in New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Pennsylvania. Demographic information including age, sex, income, race, ethnicity, and occupation is provided for all respondents in Parts 1-27. Part 28 contains a survey conducted on the day of the presidential election. A national sample of voters was administered a questionnaire similar to those given on primary day. Selected voters were asked for whom they had voted and why. Information on time of voting and respondent's sex and race was filled out by the interviewer.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: January National Interviews
    • DS2: February National Interviews
    • DS3: March National Interviews
    • DS4: April National Interviews
    • DS5: June National Interviews
    • DS6: August National Interviews
    • DS7: September National Interviews
    • DS8: September Pre-Debate One National Interviews
    • DS9: September Post-Debate One National Interviews
    • DS10: October 10th-15th National Interviews
    • DS11: October Pre-Election National Interviews
    • DS12: Post-Election Survey Panel
    • DS13: New Hampshire Democratic Primary
    • DS14: New Hampshire Republican Primary
    • DS15: Massachusetts Democratic Primary
    • DS16: Massachusetts Republican Primary
    • DS17: Florida Primary
    • DS18: Illinois Democratic Primary
    • DS19: Illinois Republican Primary
    • DS20: New York Democratic Primary
    • DS21: Wisconsin Democratic Primary
    • DS22: Wisconsin Republican Primary
    • DS23: Pennsylvania Democratic Primary
    • DS24: Pennsylvania Republican Primary
    • DS25: California Primary
    • DS26: New Jersey Primary
    • DS27: Ohio Primary
    • DS28: Election Day Survey
    • DS29: Codebook for Volume I: National Surveys
    • DS30: Codebook for Volume II: Election Day Surveys
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1980
  • Collection date: 1980
Geographic Coverage
  • California
  • Florida
  • Illinois
  • Massachusetts
  • Nebraska
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York (state)
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • United States
  • Wisconsin
Sampled Universe
Parts 1-12: Households with telephones in the United States. Parts 13-27: Voters in state primary elections in 1980. Part 28: Voters in the November presidential election of 1980.
Sampling
Parts 1-12: Random-digit dialing. Parts 13-28: Sample voting precincts were selected with a probability proportionate to the vote cast in a recent past election. Within precincts, respondents were selected on a systematic random basis.
Collection Mode
  • (1) Only hardcopy printed codebooks are available for Parts 1 and 2. (2) The data files contains weights, which must be used in any analysis. (3) The data processing for the entire collection was carried out as a cooperative effort between the Election and Survey Unit of CBS News and ICPSR. The processing was supported by a grant from the Russell Sage Foundation.

Availability
Download
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7812 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Blendon, Robert J., Benson, John M.. Americans' views on health policy: A fifty-year historical perspective. Health Affairs.20, (2), 332001.
  • Chaney, Carole Kennedy, Alvarez, R. Michael, Nagler, Jonathan. Explaining the gender gap in U.S. presidential elections, 1980-1992. Political Research Quarterly.51, (2), 311-339.1998.
  • Lacy, Dean. Electoral support for tax cuts: a case study of the 1980 American presidential election. American Politics Quarterly.26, (3), 288-307.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X9802600302 (DOI)
  • Lapinski, John S., Peltola, Pia, Shaw, Greg, Yang, Alan. Trends: Immigrants and Immigration. Public Opinion Quarterly.61, (2), 356-383.1997.
    • ID: 10.1086/297799 (DOI)
  • Monardi, Fred M.. Primary Voters as Retrospective Voters. American Politics Quarterly.22, (1), 88-103.1994.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X9402200106 (DOI)
  • Chressanthis, George A., Shaffer, Stephen D.. Major-Party Failure and Third-Party Voting in Presidential Elections, 1976-1988. Social Science Quarterly.74, (2), 264-273.1993.
  • Ladd, Everett Carll. The 1992 vote for President Clinton: Another brittle mandate?. Political Science Quarterly.108, (1), 1-28.1993.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2152483 (URL)
  • Lipset, Seymour Martin. The Significance of the 1992 Election. PS, Political Science and Politics.26, (1), 7-16.1993.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/419496 (URL)
  • Welch, Susan, Sigelman, Lee. The Politics of Hispanic Americans: Insights from National Surveys, 1980-1988. Social Science Quarterly.74, (1), 76-94.1993.
  • Patterson, Kelly D., Magleby, David B.. Poll Trends: Public Support for Congress. Public Opinion Quarterly.56, (4), 539-551.1992.
    • ID: 10.1086/269346 (DOI)
  • Welch, Susan, Sigelman, Lee. A Gender Gap Among Hispanics? A Comparison with Blacks and Anglos. Western Political Quarterly.45, (1), 181-199.1992.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/448770 (URL)
  • Sigelman, Lee. 'If you prick us, do we not bleed? If you tickle us, do we not laugh?' Jews and pocketbook voting. Journal of Politics.53, (4), 977-992.1991.
  • Devine, Donald J.. Political Science in Four Presidential Elections. PS, Political Science and Politics.23, (3), 428-429.1990.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/419798 (URL)
  • Wright, Gerald C.. Policy voting in the U.S. Senate: Who is represented?. Legislative Studies Quarterly.14, (4), 465-486.1989.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/439954 (URL)
  • Geer, John G.. Assessing the Representativeness of Electorates in Presidential Primaries. American Journal of Political Science.32, (4), 929-945.1988.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111195 (URL)
  • Geer, John G.. The Effects of Presidential Debates on the Electorate's Preferences for Candidates. American Politics Quarterly.16, (4), 486-501.1988.
    • ID: 10.1177/004478088016004005 (DOI)
  • Robinson, John P., Fleishman, John A.. A report: Ideological identification: Trends and interpretations of the liberal-conservative balance. Public Opinion Quarterly.52, (1), 134-145.1988.
    • ID: 10.1086/269086 (DOI)
  • Billingsley, Keith R., Tucker, Clyde. Generations, status and party identfication: A theory of operant conditioning. Political Behavior.9, (4), 305-322.1987.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF00988210 (DOI)
  • Erikson, Robert S., McIver, John P., Wright, Gerald C.. State Political Culture and Public Opinion. American Political Science Review.81, (3), 797-814.1987.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1962677 (URL)
  • Holbrook-Provow, Thomas M., Poe, Steven C.. Measuring State Political Ideology. American Politics Quarterly.15, (3), 399-416.1987.
    • ID: 10.1177/004478087015003006 (DOI)
  • Shapiro, Robert Y., Patterson, Kelly D., Russell, Judith, Young, John T.. The polls: Public Assistance. Public Opinion Quarterly.51, (1), 120-130.1987.
    • ID: 10.1086/269020 (DOI)
  • Hedlund, Ronald D., Watts, Meredith W.. The Wisconsin Open Primary, 1968 to 1984. American Politics Quarterly.14, (1-2), 55-73.1986.
  • Norrander, Barbara. Correlates of vote choice in the 1980 presidential primaries. Journal of Politics.48, (1), 156-166.1986.
  • Shapiro, Robert Y., Young, John T.. The Polls: Medical Care in the United States. Public Opinion Quarterly.50, (3), 418-428.1986.
    • ID: 10.1086/268994 (DOI)
  • Mansbridge, Jane J.. Myth and Reality: The ERA and the Gender Gap in the 1980 Election. Public Opinion Quarterly.49, (2), 164-178.1985.
    • ID: 10.1086/268912 (DOI)
  • Wright, Gerald C., Erikson, Robert S., McIver, John P.. Measuring state partisanship and ideology with survey data. Journal of Politics.47, (2), 469-489.1985.
  • Blinder, Alan S., Holtz-Eakin, Douglas. Public Opinion and the Balanced Budget (Ninety-Sixth Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association). American Economic Review.74, (2), 144-149.1984.
  • Marshall, Thomas R.. Issues, personalities, and presidential primary voters. Social Science Quarterly.65, (3), 750-760.1984.
  • Shapiro, Robert Y., Gillroy, John M.. The Polls: Regulation, Part I. Public Opinion Quarterly.47, (2), 531-542.1984.
    • ID: 10.1086/268850 (DOI)
  • Sigelman, Lee, Sigelman, Carol K.. Judgments of the Carter-Reagan Debate: The Eyes of the Beholders. Public Opinion Quarterly.48, (3), 624-628.1984.
    • ID: 10.1086/268863 (DOI)
  • Traugott, Michael W., Tucker, Clyde. Strategies for Predicting Whether a Citizen Will Vote and Estimation of Electoral Outcomes. Public Opinion Quarterly.48, (133), 330-343.1984.
    • ID: 10.1086/268829 (DOI)
  • Wayne, Stephen J.. The Road to the White House: The Politics of Presidential Elections, 2nd edition. New York, NY: St. Martin's. 1984.
  • Boyd, Richard W.. Electoral change and the floating voter: The Reagan elections. Political Behavior.8, (3), 230-244.1983.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01002099 (DOI)
  • De Boer, Connie. The polls: Attitudes toward unemployment. Public Opinion Quarterly.47, (3), 432-441.1983.
    • ID: 10.1086/268801 (DOI)
  • Levy, Mark R.. The Methodology and Performance of Election Day Polls. Public Opinion Quarterly.47, (1), 54-67.1983.
    • ID: 10.1086/268766 (DOI)
  • Marshall, Thomas R.. Evaluating presidential nominees: Opinion polls, issues, and personalities. Western Political Quarterly.36, (4), 650-659.1983.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/448591 (URL)
  • Sigelman, Lee. Politics, economics, and the American farmer: The case of 1980. Rural Sociology.48, (3), 367-385.1983.
  • Smith, Tom W.. The Polls: American Attitudes Toward the Soviet Union and Communism. Public Opinion Quarterly.47, (2), 277-292.1983.
    • ID: 10.1086/268786 (DOI)
  • Tucker, Clyde. Interviewer effects in telephone surveys. Public Opinion Quarterly.74, (1), 84-95.1983.
    • ID: 10.1086/268768 (DOI)
  • Wattier, Mark J.. Ideological voting in 1980 Republican presidential primaries. Journal of Politics.45, (4), 1016-1026.1983.
  • Wattier, Mark J.. The simple act of voting in 1980 democratic presidential primaries. American Politics Quarterly.11, (3), 267-291.1983.
    • ID: 10.1177/004478083011003001 (DOI)
  • Brams, Steven J., Fishburn, Peter C.. Deducing Preferences and Choices in the 1980 Presidential Election. Electoral Studies.1, (3), 333-346.1982.
    • ID: 10.1016/0261-3794(82)90222-0 (DOI)
  • Hedlund, Ronald D., Hedge, David N., Watts, M.W.. Voting in an open primary. American Politics Quarterly.10, (2), 197-218.1982.
    • ID: 10.1177/004478082010002004 (DOI)
  • Henshaw, Stanley K., Martire, Greg. Morality and legality. Family Planning Perspectives.14, (2), 53-55.1982.
  • Ladd, Everett Carll, Jr.. Where Have all the Voters Gone?: The Fracturing of America's Political Parties, 2nd Edition. New York: Norton. 1982.
  • Norpoth, Helmut, Rusk, Jerrold G.. Partisan dealignment in the American electorate: Itemizing the deductions since 1964. American Political Science Review.76, (3), 522-537.1982.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1963729 (URL)
  • Frankovic, Kathleen A.. Public opinion trends. The Election of 1980: Reports and Interpretations.Chatham, NJ: Chatham House. 1981.
  • Pomper, Gerald M.. The nominating contests. The Election of 1980: Reports and Interpretations.Chatham, NJ: Chatham House Press. 1981.
  • Pomper, Gerald M.. The presidential election. The Election of 1980: Reports and Interpretations.Chatham, NJ: Chatham House. 1981.
  • Robinson, Michael J.. The media in 1980: Was the message the message?. The American Elections of 1980.Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. 1981.
  • Schneider, William. The November 4 vote for president: What did it mean?. The American Elections of 1980.Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. 1981.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

CBS News/The New York Times (1984): CBS News/New York Times Election Surveys, 1980. Version 1. CBS News/New York Times Poll Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07812.v1