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Juvenile Detention and Correctional Facility Census, 1979

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Census of Public and Private Juvenile Detention, Correctional, and Shelter Facilities Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
census data; correctional facilities (juveniles); inmate populations; juvenile crime; juvenile offenders
  • Abstract

    The 1979 Juvenile Detention and Correctional Facility Census is the sixth in a series of surveys of state and local public residential facilities in the juvenile justice system. There is one record for each juvenile detention facility that had a population of at least 50 percent juveniles. Each record is classified into one of six categories: detention centers or shelters, reception or diagnostic centers, training schools, ranches, forestry camps and farms, and halfway houses and group homes. Data include state, county, and city identification, level of government responsible for the facility, type of agency, agency identification, resident population by sex, age range, detention status, and offense, admissions and departures of population, average length of stay, staffing and expenditures, age and capacity of the facility, and programs and services available.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Created online analysis version with question text.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Juvenile Detention and Correctional Facility Census, 1979, Dataset 0001
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1979
Sampled Universe
Juvenile detention and correctional facilities operated by state or local governments.
Collection Mode
  • Conducted by the United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census

2007-12-11 The data file was updated to include ready-to-go files and the ASCII codebook was converted to PDF format.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1997-02-25 SAS data definition statements are now available for this collection and the SPSS data definition statements have been updated.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7846 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07846.v1
  • Howell, James C., Krisberg, Barry. Introduction [to special issue on Juvenile Justice]. Crime and Delinquency.44, (4), 483-488.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128798044004001 (DOI)
  • Smith, Bradford. Children in custody: 20-year trends in juvenile detention, correctional, and shelter facilities. Crime and Delinquency.44, (4), 526-543.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128798044004004 (DOI)
  • Fishman, Gideon, Schwartz, Ira M., Hsieh, Chang-ming. Commitment of juveniles to training schools. Children and Youth Services Review.19, (8), 633-650.1997.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0190-7409(97)00059-5 (DOI)
  • Schwartz, Ira M., Willis, Deborah A., Battle, Juan. Juvenile Arrest, Detention, and Incarceration Trends 1979-1989. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, School of Social Work, Center for the Study of Youth Policy. 1991.
  • Kline, Sue, Allen-Hagen, Barbara, Thomas, Doub. Children in Custody, 1975-1985: Census of Public and Private Juvenile Detention, Correctional and Shelter Facilities, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1983 and 1985. NCJ 114065, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Steketee, Martha Wade, Willis, Deborah Alice, Schwartz, Ira M.. Juvenile Justice Trends, 1977-1987. NCJ 123216, Ann Arbor, MI: Center for the Study of Youth Policy, University of Michigan. 1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Schwartz, Ira, Fishman, Gideon, Hatfield, Radene Rawson, Krisberg, Barry A.. Juvenile detention: The hidden closets revisited. Justice Quarterly.4, (2), 225-235.1987.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418828700089281 (DOI)
  • Krisberg, Barry, Litsky, Paul, Schwartz, Ira M.. Youth in confinement: Justice by geography. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.21, (2), 153-181.1984.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427884021002005 (DOI)
  • Williamson, Georgia Laverne. Commitment Decisions in the Juvenile Justice System: Results and Implications for the Female Delinquent. Dissertation, University of Georgia. 1982.
  • United States Department of Justice. Children in Custody: Advance Report on the 1979 Census of Public Juvenile Facilities. NCJ 75319, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 1980.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 10 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (1984): Juvenile Detention and Correctional Facility Census, 1979. Archival Version. Census of Public and Private Juvenile Detention, Correctional, and Shelter Facilities Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.