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Survey of Inmates of State Correctional Facilities, 1979

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Survey of Inmates of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Free Keywords
correctional facilities; correctional facilities (adults); corrections; criminal histories; drug abuse; inmate classification; inmate deaths; inmate populations; inmate programs; inmates; offenses; prison conditions; prison overcrowding; substance abuse; treatment programs
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this survey was to obtain information on the characteristics of persons confined to prison and the circumstances and conditions of their confinement. The survey focuses on topics and issues that are of current and continuing concern to the correctional community and researchers. Information in the survey includes prison conditions such as staffing, space, and overcrowding, inmate rights and privileges, and rules and regulations concerning prison operation and inmate behavior. Additional data are provided on the presence of educational and vocational programs, drug and alcohol programs, medical treatment, and health care.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1979
  • 1979-10 / 1979-11
    Collection date: 1979-10--1979-11
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Persons confined to state correctional facilities in the United States in 1979.
Stratified two-stage selection with probabilities proportional to size measures.
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1997-02-13 SAS data definition statements are now available for this collection and the SPSS data definition statements have been updated. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7856 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07856.v1
  • Ewert, Stephanie, Sykes, Bryan L., Pettit, Becky. The degree of disadvantage: Incarceration and inequality in education. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.651, (1), 24-43.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0002716213503100 (DOI)
  • Lindo, Jason M., Stoecker, Charles. Drawn into violence: Evidence on 'what makes a criminal' from the Vietnam draft lotteries. Economic Inquiry.52, (1), 239-258.2014.
    • ID: 10.1111/ecin.12001 (DOI)
  • National Research Council. The Growth of Incarceration in the United States: Exploring Causes and Consequences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. 2014.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Sykes, Bryan L., Pettit, Becky. Mass incarceration, family complexity, and the reproduction of childhood disadvantage. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.654, (1), 127-149.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0002716214526345 (DOI)
  • Bushway, Shawn, Tsao, Hi-Shien, Smith, Herbert L.. Has the U.S. Prison Boom Changed the Age-Distribution of the Prison Population?. Population Association of America 2012 Annual Meeting.San Francisco, CA. 2012.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Bushway, Shawn D., Tsao, Hui-Shien, Smith, Herbert L.. Has the U.S. Prison Boom Changed the Age Distribution of the Prison Population?. . 2011.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Leon, Chrysanthi S.. Sex Fiends, Perverts, and Pedophiles: Understanding Sex Crime Policy in America. New York, NY: New York University Press. 2011.
  • Phelps, Michelle S.. Rehabilitation in the punitive era: The gap between rhetoric and reality in U.S. prison programs. Law and Society Review.45, (1), 33-68.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-5893.2011.00427.x (DOI)
  • Rosenfeld, Jake, Pettit, Becky, Laird, Jennifer, Sykes, Bryan. Incarceration and Racial Inequality in Voter Turnout. Seattle, WA. 2011.
  • Ewert, Stephanie, Pettit, Becky, Sykes, Bryan. The Degree of Disadvantage: Incarceration and Racial Inequality in Education. University of Washington, . 2010.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Rohlfs, Chris. Does combat exposure make you a more violent or criminal person? Evidence from the Vietnam Draft. Journal of Human Resources.45, (2), 271-300.2010.
  • Wildeman, Christopher. Parental imprisonment, the prison boom, and the concentration of childhood disadvantage. Demography.46, (2), 265-280.2009.
  • Wildeman, Christopher J.. Parental Incarceration, the Prison Boom, and the Intergenerational Transmission of Stigma and Disadvantage. Thesis, Princeton University. 2008.
  • CSR Incorporated. Alcohol Epidemiologic Data Directory. Arlington, VA: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. 2007.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Wildeman, Christopher. Parental Imprisonment, the Prison Boom and the Concentration of Childhood Disadvantage. Population Association of America 2007 Annual Meeting.New York, NY. 2007.
  • Uggen, Christopher, Manza, Jeff, Thompson, Melissa. Citizenship, democracy, and the civic reintegration of criminal offenders. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.605, (1), 281-310.2006.
    • ID: 10.1177/0002716206286898 (DOI)
  • Western, Bruce, Pettit, Becky. Black-White wage inequality, employment rates, and incarceration. American Journal of Sociology.111, (2), 553-581.2005.
    • ID: 10.1086/432780 (DOI)
  • Pettit, Becky, Western, Bruce. Mass imprisonment and the life course: Race and class inequality in U. S. incarceration. American Sociological Review.69, (2), 151-169.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/000312240406900201 (DOI)
  • Rose, Chris. Women's Participation in Prison Education: What We Know and What We Don't Know. Journal of Correctional Education.55, (1), 78-100.2004.
  • Bonczar, Thomas P.. Prevalence of Imprisonment in the U.S. Population, 1974-2001. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report.NCJ 197976, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2003.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Lynch, James P., Sabol, William J.. Prison Use and Social Control. Policies, Processes, and Decisions of the Criminal Justice System: Criminal Justice 2000.Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 2000.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Western, Bruce, Pettit, Becky. Incarceration and racial inequality in men's employment. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.54, (1), 3-16.2000.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Blumstein, Alfred, Beck, Allen J.. Population growth in U. S. prisons, 1980-1996. Prisons. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research..Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1999.
  • Western, Bruce, Beckett, Katherine. How Unregulated Is the U.S. Labor Market? The Penal System as a Labor Market Institution. American Journal of Sociology.104, (4), 1030 -1999.
    • ID: 10.1086/210135 (DOI)
  • Lynch, James P., Sabol, William J.. Punishment Policy and Social Control: Incarceration and the growth of the underclass 1970-1990. Meeting of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences.Pittsburgh, PA. 1992.
  • Decker, Scott H., Salert, Barbara. Selective incapacitation: A note on its impact on minorities. Journal of Criminal Justice.15, (4), 287-299.1987.
    • ID: 10.1016/0047-2352(87)90016-X (DOI)
  • Decker, Scott H., Salert, Barbara. Predicting the career criminal: An empirical test of the Greenwood Scale. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology.77, (1), 215-236.1986.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Goetting, Ann, Howsen, Roy Michael. Correlates of prisoner misconduct. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.2, (1), 49-67.1986.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01064595 (DOI)
  • Miller, Brenda A., Welte, John W.. Comparisons of incarcerated offenders according to use of alcohol and/or drugs prior to offense. Criminal Justice and Behavior.13, (4), 366-392.1986.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854886013004002 (DOI)
  • Schervish, Mark J., Lehoczky, John P.. Estimation of Incarceration and Criminal Careers Using Hierarchical Models. Pittsburgh, PA: Carnegie Mellon University. 1986.
  • Ladouceur, Patricia, Temple, Mark. Substance use among rapists: A comparison with other serious felons. Crime and Delinquency.31, (2), 269-294.1985.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128785031002007 (DOI)
  • Alder, Christine M.. The convicted rapist: A sexual or violent offender?. Criminal Justice and Behavior.11, (2), 157-177.1984.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854884011002002 (DOI)
  • Goetting, Ann. The elderly in prison: A profile. Criminal Justice Review.9, (2), 14-24.1984.
    • ID: 10.1177/073401688400900203 (DOI)
  • Miller, R.E.. Nationwide profile of female inmate substance involvement. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs.16, (4), 319-326.1984.
    • ID: 10.1080/02791072.1984.10472302 (DOI)
  • (author unknown). Prisoners and Alcohol. Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin.Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1983.
  • Goetting, Ann, Howsen, Roy Michael. Blacks in prison: A profile. Criminal Justice Review.8, (2), 21-31.1983.
    • ID: 10.1177/073401688300800205 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 10 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (1984): Survey of Inmates of State Correctional Facilities, 1979. Archival Version. Survey of Inmates of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.