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British Election Study: February 1974, Cross-Section

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Crewe, Ivor
  • Saerlvik, Bo
  • Alt, James
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • British General Election Survey Series
Publication Date
1984-06-19
Language
English
Free Keywords
economic conditions; European Economic Community; government performance; international relations; life satisfaction; mass media; national elections; personal finances; political attitudes; political change; political influences; political issues; political parties; public opinion; quality of life; social attitudes; social change; social issues; social values; socioeconomic status; trust in government; voter attitudes; voting behavior; voting patterns
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection is part of a continuing series of surveys of the British electorate, begun by David Butler and Donald Stokes at Nuffield College, Oxford, in 1963, and continued at the University of Essex. This cross-section study was designed to yield a representative sample of eligible voters in Great Britain near the time of the general election on February 28, 1974. As with other surveys in the series, electors in Northern Ireland and the Scottish Highlands and Islands were excluded from the sampling frame. Personal interviews with 2,462 members of the British electorate took place in two waves between March and May. Respondents answered questions relating to their attitudes toward the general election and the strength of their political opinions and interest. Respondents were asked about their trust in government and their opinions of the Conservative, Labour, Liberal, Scottish Nationalist, and Plaid Cymru political parties (e.g., perceived differences among them, and knowledge and perception of party position/record). Respondents were also asked to reveal their past voting behavior (e.g., their first and second choices in the general election, other parties considered, choices in the 1970 and 1966 elections, frequency of discussion about politics, and direction and strength of party identification). Respondents were then asked for their views on the general election results along a variety of dimensions. Respondents also identified groups with too much or too little political power, as well as groups with whom they themselves identified. They were asked to rate several political parties and politicians and to express their views regarding a range of social issues relating to domestic and foreign affairs, including the mass media (e.g., attention to television and newspapers and perceived bias in newspapers), opinions on prices, strikes in general, the miners' strike, pensions, the Common Market, nationalization, social services, Communists, devolution, income tax and wage controls, and Britain's dependency on other countries (i.e., the United States, Russia, France, Germany, and Australia). Respondents were also asked to predict incomes, unemployment, and Britain's future economic situation. Other sets of questions probed for opinions on social mores and life satisfaction (e.g., life in general, personal financial status, today's standards, local government, change, and getting ahead). Background information includes age, sex, marital status, employment status, socioeconomic group, experience of unemployment in household, income, occupation, degree of supervision, and responsibility in job (for self and spouse). Information on father's vote, party choice, strength of party support, occupation, employment status, and social grade is also included.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1974
  • 1974-03 / 1974-05
    Collection date: 1974-03--1974-05
Geographic Coverage
  • Great Britain
  • Global
Sampled Universe
The eligible British electorate living south of the Caledonian Canal and excluding Northern Ireland.
Sampling
Respondents were selected into a multistage, self-weighting, stratified, probability sample.
Collection Mode
Note
2008-01-04 The data are now available as an SPSS portable file, provided by the UK Data Archive (UKDA). In addition, the PDF documentation was resupplied by the UKDA, and the text documentation was provided as additional materials by the UKDA.
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7868 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07868.v1
Publications
  • Dardanelli, P.. The Europeanisation of Regionalisation: European Integration and Public Support for Self-government in Scotland 1979/1997. Queen's Papers on Europeanisation, No 5/2001.London, UK: London School of Economics. 2001.
  • Heath, Anthony, Jowell, Roger, Curtice, John K.. The rise of New Labour: Party Policies and Voter Choices. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. 2001.
  • Tunstall, H., et al. Geographical scale, the 'feel-good factor' and voting at the 1997 general election in England and Wales. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers.25, 51-64.2000.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0020-2754.2000.00051.x (DOI)
  • Evans, G., Norris, P.. Critical Elections: British Parties and Voters in Long-Term Perspective. London, UK: Sage Publications. 1999.
  • Thomson, K., Park, A., Brook, L.. British General Election Study 1997: Cross-section Survey, Scottish Election Study, and Ethnic Minority Election Study. London, England: National Centre for Social Research. 1999.
  • Saggar, S.. Race and British Electoral Politics. London, UK: University College London Press. 1998.
  • Surridge, Paula, Paterson, Lindsay, Brown, Alice, McCrone, David. The Scottish electorate and the Scottish parliament. Scottish Affairs.38-60.1998.
  • Baker, J.E., et al. Citizens' knowledge and perceptions of legislatures in Canada, Britain and the United States. Journal of Legislative Studies.2, (2), 44-62.1996.
    • ID: 10.1080/13572339608420471 (DOI)
  • Bennett, S., Flickinger, R., and Rhine, S.. Political talk - over here, over there and over time: A comparative analysis of who talks about politics in Britain and the United States, 1959-1994. International Society of Political Psychology Meeting.Vancouver, Canada. 1996.
  • Brook, L., Taylor, B.. The British Election Panel Study 1992-95: Interim Technical Notes . CREST Working Paper 41.Glasgow, UK: University of Strathclyde. 1996.
  • Kobori, M.. A study on the North-South divide in Britain of 80s: With reference to the difference of Labour's votes between the North and South. Ryudai Law Review.56, 72-104.1996.
  • Taylor, B., Heath, A., Lynn, P.. The British Election Panel Study 1992-95: Response Characteristics and Attrition. CREST Working Paper 40.Glasgow, UK: University of Strathclyde. 1996.
  • Borre, Ole, Scarbrough, Elinor. The Scope of Government. Beliefs in Government series, vol. 3.Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1995.
  • Weakliem, David L.. Two Models of Class Voting. British Journal of Political Science.25, (2), 254-270.1995.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0007123400007171 (DOI)
  • Baker, J.R., et.al. Looking at legislatures: Citizens' knowledge and perceptions of legislatures in Canada, Great Britain and the United States. 16th International Congress of the International Political Science Association (RC8:2).Berlin, Germany. 1994.
  • Jonsson, Jan O., Mills, Colin. Social class and educational attainment in historical perspective: A Swedish-English comparison part I. British Journal of Sociology.44, (2), 213-247.1993.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/591218 (URL)
  • Jonsson, Jan O., Mills, Colin. Social class and educational attainment in historical perspective: A Swedish-English comparison part II. British Journal of Sociology.44, (3), 403-428.1993.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/591810 (URL)
  • Rabinowitz, G., Macdonald, S.E., Listhaug, O.. Competing theories of issue voting: Is discounting the explanation?. American Political Science Association Annual Meeting.Washington, DC. 1993.
  • Abramson, Paul R.. Of Time and Partisan Instability in Britain. British Journal of Political Science.22, (3), 381-395.1992.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0007123400006438 (DOI)
  • Heath, Anthony, Pierce, Roy. It was party identification all along: Question order effects on reports of party identification in Britain. Electoral Studies.11, (2), 93-105.1992.
    • ID: 10.1016/0261-3794(92)90032-2 (DOI)
  • McMahon, Dorren, Heath, Anthony, Harrop, Martin, Curtice, John. The Electoral Consequences of North-South Migration. British Journal of Political Science.22, (4), 419-443.1992.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0007123400006475 (DOI)
  • Evans, Geoffrey, Heath, Anthony, Payne, Clive. Modelling Trends in the Class/Party Relationship, 1964-1987. Electoral Studies.10, (2), 99-117.1991.
    • ID: 10.1016/0261-3794(91)90042-Q (DOI)
  • Heath, Anthony. Understanding Political Change: Voting Behaviour in Britain 1964-1987. Oxford, England: Pergamon. 1991.
  • Heath, Anthony, Jowell, Roger, Curtice, John, Evans, Geoff. The rise of the new political agenda?. European Sociological Review.6, (1), 31-48.1990.
  • Heath, Anthony, McDonald, Sarah K.. The Demise of Party Identification Theory?. Electoral Studies.7, (2), 95-107.1988.
    • ID: 10.1016/0261-3794(88)90025-X (DOI)
  • Swaddle, Kevin, Heath, Anthony. Official and reported turnout in the British general election of 1987. Nuffield College, University of Oxford.Oxford, England. 1987.
  • Taylor-Gooby, P.. Welfare attitudes: Cleavage, consensus and citizenship. The Quarterly Journal of Social Affairs.3, (3), 199-211.1987.
  • Miller, W.L., Tagg, S., Britto, K.. Partisanship and Party Preference in Government and Opposition: The Mid-term Perspective. Electoral Studies.5, (1), 31-46.1986.
    • ID: 10.1016/0261-3794(86)90027-2 (DOI)
  • Franklin, Mark N.. Assessing the Rise of Issue Voting in British Elections since 1964. Electoral Studies.4, (1), 37-56.1985.
    • ID: 10.1016/0261-3794(85)90030-7 (DOI)
  • Heath, Anthony F., Jowell, Roger M., Curtice, John K.. How Britain Votes. Oxford: Pergamon. 1985.
  • Johnston, R.J.. Spatial Continuity and Individual Variability: A Review of Recent Work on the Geography of Electoral Change. Electoral Studies.2, (1), 53-68.1983.
    • ID: 10.1016/0261-3794(83)90106-3 (DOI)
  • Crewe, I.M.. Electoral volatility in Britain since 1945. European Consortium for Political Research.Lancaster, England. 1981.
  • Crewe, I.M.. Party and the public. Hansard Society/American Enterprise Institute Conference on the Role of Political Parties.Oxfordshire, England. 1981.
  • Crewe, I.M.. The Labour Party and the electorate. The Politics of the Labour Party.London: Allen Unwin. 1981.
  • Crewe, I.M., Robertson, D.R., Sarlvik, B.. A Description of Surveys Conducted by the BES Research Project. Technical Paper. 1, University of Essex: Colchester, England. 1981.
  • LeDuc, Lawrence. The dynamic properties of party identification: a four-nation comparison. European Journal of Political Research.9, (3), 257-268.1981.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-6765.1981.tb00605.x (DOI)
  • Sarlvik, B., Crewe, I.M., Robertson, D.. Why the parties were liked and disliked in the 1979 election: An analysis of 'free answer' survey data. Political Studies Association Conference.Hull, UK. 1981.
  • Cain, Bruce E.. Challenges and responses in British party politics. Comparative Politics.12, (3), 335-348.1980.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/421930 (URL)
  • Crewe, I.M.. Negative partisanship: Some preliminary ideas using British data. European Consortium for Political Research.Florence, Italy. 1980.
  • Crewe, I.M.. The electoral decline of the labour party. Conference on the Politics of the Labour Party.Oxford, England. 1980.
  • Crewe, I.M.. Why the Conservatives Won. Britain at the Polls.Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute. 1980.
  • Crewe, I.M., Robertson, D.R., Sarlvik, B.. A Comparison of Respondent's Characteristics With Known Population Parameters. Technical Paper. Colchester, England: University of Essex. 1980.
  • Crewe, Ivor, Sarlvik, Bo. The Conservative Party and the electorate. Conservative Party Politics.London: Macmillan. 1980.
  • Alt, J.E.. The Politics of Economic Decline: Economic Management and Political Behaviour in Britain since 1964. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 1979.
  • Crewe, I.M., Sarlvik, B.. Popular attitudes and electoral strategy. Conservative Party Politics.London, UK: Macmillan. 1979.
  • Alt, James E., Crewe, Ivor, Sarlvik, Bo. Angels in plastic: The liberal surge in 1974. Political Studies.25, (3), 343-368.1977.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-9248.1977.tb01285.x (DOI)
  • Crewe, Ivor. Prospects for party realignment: An Anglo-American comparison. APSA Conference.Washington, DC. 1977.
  • Crewe, Ivor, Fox, A., Alt, James E.. Non-voting in British general elections 1966-October 1974. British Political Sociology Yearbook, Vol. III: Political Participation.London: Croom Helm. 1977.
  • Crewe, Ivor, Sarlvik, Bo, Alt, James E.. Partisan dealignment in Britain 1964-1974. British Journal of Political Science.7, (2), 129-190.1977.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0007123400000922 (DOI)
  • Miller, William L., Sarlvik, Bo, Crewe, Ivor, et al. The connection between SNP voting and the demand for Scottish self-government. European Journal of Political Research.5, (1), 83-102.1977.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-6765.1977.tb01212.x (DOI)
  • Alt, James E.. Personal well-being and economic trends in Britain. ECPR Workshop on Protest, Dissatisfaction and Change, ECPR Joint Sessions.Louvain-la-Neuve. 1976.
  • Alt, James E., Crewe, Ivor, Fox, A., Sarlvik, Bo. Britain's membership of the EEC: A profile of electoral opinions in the spring of 1974. Canadian Journal of Political Science.1, (4), 83-113.1976.
  • Alt, James E., Sarlvik, Bo, Crewe, Ivor. Individual Differences Scaling and Group Attitude Structures: British Party Imagery in 1974. Quality and Quantity.10, (4), 297-320.1976.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF00139265 (DOI)
  • Alt, James E., Sarlvik, Bo, Crewe, Ivor. Partisanship and Policy Choice: Issue Preferences in the British Electorate, February 1974. British Journal of Political Science.6, (3), 273-290.1976.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0007123400000703 (DOI)
  • Crewe, Ivor, Sarlvik, Bo, Alt, James E.. The election of February 1974. Studies in British Politics, 3rd Edition.New York: St. Martin's Press. 1976.
  • Crewe, Ivor, Sarlvik, Bo, Alt, James E.. The erosion of partisanship 1964-1975. Political Studies Association Conference.Nottingham. 1976.
  • Fox, A., Alt, James E.. The reliability of occupational coding. SSRC Seminar on Longitudinal Studies.Cambridge. 1976.
  • Crewe, I.M., Robertson, D.R., Sarlvik, B.. The British Election Study of October 1974: Methodological Report. Wivenhoe Park, UK: University of Essex. 1975.
  • Crewe, I.M., Robertson, D.R., Sarlvik, B.. The British Referendum Survey: A Report on Fieldwork for the Referendum Recall Study. Wivenhoe Park, UK: University of Essex. 1975.
  • Crewe, Ivor, Sarlvik, Bo, Alt, James E.. The decline of the two-party system. Political Studies Association Conference.Oxford. 1975.
  • Fox, A.. Attitudes to immigration: A comparison of data from the 1970 and 1974 general election surveys. New Community.IV, (2), 1975.
  • Crewe, I.M., Robertson, D.R., Sarlvik, B. The British Election Study Panel Sample 1974: Methodological Study. University of Essex: Colchester, UK. 1974.
  • Crewe, I.M., Robertson, D.R., Sarlvik, B.. The British Election Survey: Technical Document. Colchester, UK: University of Essex. 1974.
  • Crewe, Ivor, Sarlvik, Bo, Alt, James E.. The why and how of the February voting. New Society.1974.
  • Crewe, Ivor, Sarlvik, Bo, Alt, James E.. The flow of the vote 1970--February 1974--October 1974. . .
  • Sarlvik, Bo, Crewe, Ivor, Alt, James E.. Class and party in the elections of 1974. . .

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Crewe, Ivor; Saerlvik, Bo; Alt, James (1984): British Election Study: February 1974, Cross-Section. Version 2. British General Election Survey Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07868.v2