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Energy Crisis Attitudes and Conservation Behavior in the United States, April-May 1980

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Energy
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Energy
Free Keywords
automobile use; carpools; consumer attitudes; consumer behavior; driving habits; economic behavior; energy; energy conservation; energy consumption; energy crises; energy policy; gasoline consumption; gasoline prices; information dissemination; information sources; political affiliation; public opinion; public transportation; social influence
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains information reflecting public attitudes toward energy and related issues in the United States in the spring of 1980. The objective of the study was to enable the Department of Energy to establish a benchmark to gauge the impact of energy conservation communications efforts. Data were gathered via personal interviews, and respondents were asked where energy ranked in a list of 42 problems Americans saw confronting the nation at the time. In addition to measuring concern about energy, the survey gathered information on attitudes toward the cost of gasoline, actions respondents took to reduce gasoline consumption (e.g., driving less, purchasing more fuel efficient car, and consolidating trips), their use of public transportation, whether they carpooled, how often tire inflation was checked, and frequency of engine tune ups. The survey also sought to identify the leading sources from which respondents received information on improving gasoline mileage, such as employers, auto clubs, oil company advertising, local auto-oriented merchants, stories in the news media, unions, and local, state, and federal governments. Demographic information includes respondent's age, sex, race, marital status, whether respondent was the head of the household, occupation, part- or full-time work status (if female), union membership, last school grade completed, religious affiliation, household and individual incomes, political party preference, and political ideology.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1980-04 / 1980-05
    Time period: 1980-04--1980-05
  • 1980-04 / 1980-05
    Collection date: 1980-04--1980-05
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Adult noninstitutionalized population of the United States.
A weighted sample of 1,467 respondents, designed to reflect the adult population of the entire country, was surveyed in April and May of 1980 by interviewers under the supervision of the Cambridge Reports, Inc. staff.
Collection Mode
  • (1) The frequencies in the codebook were generated using the weight variable (Variable 5). This weight should be used in any analysis. (2) No documentation was provided for a number of variables that are noted in the codebook. ICPSR has made an attempt to obtain this documentation and a revised codebook will be released if it becomes available.

This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7877 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Energy (1984): Energy Crisis Attitudes and Conservation Behavior in the United States, April-May 1980. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.