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National Survey of Family Growth, Cycle I, 1973

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
adoption; birth; birth control; birth expectations; child health; families; family life; family planning; fertility; pregnancy; prenatal care; reproductive history; womens health care
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains information on maternal and child health, family practices, and attitudes of 9,797 women aged 15-44 living in the coterminous United States who were either currently married, previously married, or never married but had offspring living in the household in 1973. The data have been utilized by the National Center for Health Statistics as the basis for a series of reports on the determinants and consequences of patterns of family formation and fertility in the United States in 1973. Extensive information was gathered from respondents about their pregnancies. They were asked about their family planning practices and consultations, prenatal and postnatal care, medical conditions, number of pregnancies and live births, problems experienced in conceiving, complicated pregnancies, sterilization, and medical checkup history. Data are also provided on respondents' desired number of children, birth expectations, and family size preferences. Other demographic variables provide information on respondents' family history, date of birth, race, ethnicity, religion, education, occupation, employment, and income.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Approximately eighty percent.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Respondent File
    • DS2: Interval File
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1973
  • Collection date: 1973-09
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Women 15-44 years of age who were married, previously married, or single with children of their own in the household.
A multistage probability sample of women aged 15-44 living in the coterminous United States who were either currently married, previously married, or never married but had offspring living in the household in 1973.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview


    Dates in this dataset are often given as century months. For more detailed information on how century months are calculated please see the "Date Codes" section of the codebook.

    Variables EMP_JOBTYPE and H_EMP_JOBTYPE (both in the Respondent File) do not have value labels due to certain Stata restrictions. Please refer to the Occupational Classification section of the ICPSR Codebook for more information on the coding of the variables.

    Please note that values in the data, which were originally coded as "blank" have been converted to system missing.

    For additional information regarding the prestige scores used in the coding of variables EMP_PRESTIGE and H_EMP_PRESTIGE (both in the Respondent File), please see the Occupational Classification section of the ICPSR Codebook.

2008-10-08 This study has been updated to include SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files in addition to SAS transport, SPSS system, and Stata system files for both Respondent and Interval files.
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7898 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
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  • Santelli, John S., Lindberg, Laura Duberstein, Abma, Joyce, Sucoff, Clea, Resnick, Michael. Adolescent sexual behavior: Estimates and trends from four nationally representative surveys. Family Planning Perspectives.32, (4), 156-165.2000.
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  • Chandra, A.. His or Hers: the Choice of Contraceptive Sterilization Among Married Couples in the U.S.. Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.San Francisco. 1995.
  • Peterson, Linda S.. Birth expectations of women in the United States, 1973-88. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 23: Data from the National Survey of Family Growth.17, Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1995.
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  • Prince, Paula. An Examination of the Relationship of Breastfeeding and Work Experience Among American Women. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. 1995.
  • Day, Jennifer Cheeseman. Age at First Birth and the Pacing of Subsequent Birth Intervals: A Cohort Analysis. Dissertation, American University. 1994.
  • Parnell, Allan M., Swicegood, Gray, Stevens, Gillian. Nonmarital Pregnancies and Marriage in the United States. Social Forces.73, (1), 263-287.1994.
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  • Althaus, F.. U.S. religious groups vary in patterns of method use, but not in overall contraceptive prevalence. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health.23, (6), 288-290.1991.
  • Ekouevi, K., Morgan, S.P.. Note on the reliability and validity of mothers' retrospective reports of their children's birthweights. Social Biology.38, (1-2), 140-145.1991.
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    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.81.8.1049 (DOI)
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    • ID: (URL)
  • Mosher, William D.. Contraceptive Practice in the United States, 1982-1988. Family Planning Perspectives.22, (5), 198-205.1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Rodgers, Joseph L., Udry, J. Richard. The season-of-birth paradox. Social Biology.35, (3-4), 171-185.1988.
  • Bean, Frank D., Williams, Dorie G., Opitz, Wolfgang, Burr, Jeffrey A., Trent, Katherine. Sociodemographic and Marital Heterogamy Influences on the Decision for Voluntary Sterilization. Journal of Marriage and Family.49, (2), 465-476.1987.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Adamchak, Donald J., Robinson, James L.. Evidence of a curvilinear relationship between income and infant mortality: Individual data do not bear out ecological correlations. Sociology and Social Research.70, (3), 214-217.1986.
  • Bean, F.D., Burr, J.A.. Black/White fertility differences revisited: A reexamination of alternative hypotheses. Texas Population Research Center .Paper No. 8.008, Austin, Texas: . 1986.
  • Poston, Dudley L., Jr., Cullen, Ruth M.. Log-linear analyses of patterns of adoption behavior: U.S. white women, 1982, 1976, and 1973. Social Biology.33, (3-4), 241-258.1986.
  • Teachman, Jay D.. First and second marital dissolution: A decomposition exercise for whites and blacks. Sociological Quarterly.27, (4), 571-590.1986.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1533-8525.1986.tb00279.x (DOI)
  • Heckert, Alex, Teachman, Jay D.. Religious Factors in the Timing of Second Births. Journal of Marriage and Family.47, (2), 361-367.1985.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Labbok, M., Ford, K., Gray, R.H.. Contraceptive usage during lactation: Analysis of 1973 and 1976 National Survey of Family Growth: I. Age and race. American Journal of Public Health.75, (10), 75-77.1985.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.75.1.75 (DOI)
  • O'Reilly, Kevin R., Aral, Sevgi O.. Adolescence and sexual behavior: Trends and implications for STD. Journal of Adolescent Health Care.6, (4), 262-270.1985.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0197-0070(85)80063-2 (DOI)
  • Teachman, Jay D.. Historical and subgroup variations in the association between marriage and first childbirth: A life-course perspective. Journal of Family History.10, (4), 379-401.1985.
    • ID: 10.1177/036319908501000403 (DOI)
  • Teachman, Jay D., Heckert, Alex. The Impact of Age and Children on Remarriage. Journal of Family Issues.6, (2), 185-203.1985.
    • ID: 10.1177/019251385006002003 (DOI)
  • Teachman, Jay D., Heckert, D.A.. The Declining Significance of First-Birth Timing. Demography.22, 185-198.1985.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Teachman, Jay D., Polonko, Karen A.. Timing of the Transition to Parenthood: A Multidimensional Birth-interval Approach. Journal of Marriage and Family.47, (4), 867-879.1985.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Bean, F.D., Stephen, E.H., Burr, J.A.. The temporal relationship between labor force participation and Intended and unintended fertility: Racial and religious comparisons in the United States. Texas Population Research Center Papers 6.007.. 1984.
  • Eckhardt, K.W., Hendershot, G.E.. Analysis of the reversal in breast feeding trends in the early 1970s. Public Health Reports.99, (4), 410-415.1984.
  • Griffith, Janet D., Koo, Helen P., Suchindran, C. M.. Childlessness and Marital Stability in Remarriages. Journal of Marriage and Family.46, (3), 577-585.1984.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hendershot, G.E.. Maternal age and overdue conceptions. American Journal of Public Health.74, (1), 35-38.1984.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.74.1.35 (DOI)
  • Kim, Doo-Sub. Socioeconomic Inequality and Fertility: The Cases of Korea and the United States. Dissertation, Brown University. 1984.
  • Koo, Helen P., Suchindran, C.M., Griffith, Janet D.. The effects of children on divorce and re-marriage: A multivariate analysis of life table probabilities. Population Studies.38, (3), 451-471.1984.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Lehrer, Evelyn, Nerlove, Marc. A life-cycle analysis of family income distribution. Economic Inquiry.22, (3), 360 -1984.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.1984.tb00691.x (DOI)
  • Mosher, William D., Goldscheider, Calvin. Contraceptive patterns of religius and racial groups in the United States, 1955-76: Convergence and distinctiveness. Studies in Family Planning.15, (3), 101-111.1984.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Mosher, William D., Hendershot, Gerry E.. Religious Affiliation and the Fertility of Married Couples. Journal of Marriage and Family.46, (3), 671-677.1984.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Rindfuss, Ronald R., Morgan, S. Philip, Swicegood, C. Gray. The transition to motherhood: The intersection of structural and temporal dimensions. American Sociological Review.49, (3), 359-372.1984.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Swicegood, C. Gray, Morgan, S. Philip, Rindfuss, Ronald R.. Measurement and replication: Evaluating the consistency of eight U.S. fertility surveys. Demography.21, (1), 19-33.1984.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Teachman, Jay D., Polonko, Karen A.. Out of sequence: The timing of marriage following a premarital birth. Social Forces.63, (1), 245-260.1984.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Verdieck, Mary Jeanne. Racial Variations in the Relative Timing of Marriage, Conception and Birth. Dissertation, Catholic University of America. 1984.
  • Bumpass, Larry. The Comparability of Fertility and Marital Histories Across Fertility Surveys and Current Population Surveys. CDE Working Paper No. 83-9.Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin, Center for Demography and Ecology. 1983.
  • Lehrer, Evelyn. Determinants of child care mode choice: An economic perspective. Social Science Research.12, (1), 69-80.1983.
    • ID: 10.1016/0049-089X(83)90010-8 (DOI)
  • Pillai, Vijayan Kumara. Determinants of the First Birth Interval. Dissertation, University of Iowa. 1983.
  • Shapiro, Thomas M., Fisher, William, Diana, Augusto. Family planning and female sterilization in the United States. Social Science and Medicine.17, (23), 1847-1855.1983.
  • Teachman, Jay D.. Analyzing social processes: Life tables and proportional hazards models. Social Science Research.12, (3), 263-301.1983.
    • ID: 10.1016/0049-089X(83)90015-7 (DOI)
  • Teachman, Jay D.. Early Marriage, Premarital Fertility, and Marital Dissolution: Results for Blacks and Whites. Journal of Family Issues.4, (1), 105-126.1983.
    • ID: 10.1177/019251383004001006 (DOI)
  • Aguirre, B.E., Parr, W.C.. Husbands' first marriage order and the stability of first and second marriages of White and Black women. Journal of Marriage and Family.44, (3), 605-620.1982.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Mosher, William D.. Trends in Contraceptive Practice: United States, 1965-76. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 23: Data from the National Survey of Family Growth.10, Hyattsville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics. 1982.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Mosher, William D., Bachrach, Christine A.. Childlessness in the United States: Estimates from the National Survey of Family Growth. Journal of Family Issues.3, (4), 517-543.1982.
    • ID: 10.1177/019251382003004006 (DOI)
  • Pickens, Gary Thomas. A Computerized Stochastic Model of the Postpartum Period. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania. 1982.
  • St. John, C.. Race differences in age at first birth and the pace of subsequent fertility: Implications for the minority group status hypothesis. Demography.19, (33), 301-314.1982.
  • Teachman, Jay D.. Methodological issues in the analysis of family formation and dissolution. Journal of Marriage and Family.44, (4), 1037-1053.1982.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hendershot, G.E.. Screening for cervical cancer, 1973-1976. American Journal of Public Health.71, (8), 851-852.1981.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.71.8.851 (DOI)
  • Hirschman, C., Butler, M.. Trends and differentials in breast feeding: An update. Demography.18, (1), 39-54.1981.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Jackson, M., Berger, M.S., Keith, L.G.. The effectiveness of vaginal contraception: Review of studies. Vaginal Contraception.Boston: G.K. Hall. 1981.
  • Pickens, Gary, Mode, Charles J.. Sequence of events following adoption of contraception: An exploratory analysis of 1973 fertility history data. Social Biology.28, (1-2), 111-125.1981.
  • Kuhn, Philip H.. Socioeconomic and Religious Differentials in Black and White American Fertility. Mid-South Sociological Association. 1980.
  • Anderson, John E.. Differences in U.S. marital fertility, 1970-1973, by planning status of births. Public Health Reports.94, (4), 319-325.1979.
  • Bumpass, Larry, Rindfuss, Ronald R.. Children's experience of marital disruption. American Journal of Sociology.85, (1), 49-65.1979.
    • ID: 10.1086/226973 (DOI)
  • Hirschman, Charles, Hendershot, Gerry E.. Trends in Breast Feeding Among American Mothers. Vital and Health Statistics. Series 23, Data from National Survey of Family Growth, No. 3.(PHS) 79-1979, Hyattsville, MD: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. National Center for Health Statistics. 1979.
    • ID: (URL)
  • McCarthy, James, Menken, Jane. Marriage, remarriage, marital disruption and age at first birth. Family Planning Perspectives.11, (1), 21-30.1979.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Weller, Robert H.. The differential attainment of family size goals by race. Population Studies.33, (1), 157-164.1979.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Weller, Robert H., Hobbs, Frank B.. Unwanted and mistimed births in the United States: 1968-1973. Family Planning Perspectives.10, (3), 168-172.1979.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Westoff, Charles F., McCarthy, James. Sterilization in the United States. Family Planning Perspectives.11, (3), 147-152.1979.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Bohnam, G.S., Placek, P.J.. The relationships of maternal health, infant health, and sociodemographic factors to fertility: An analysis of data from the 1973 National Survey of Family Growth and the 1972 National Natality Survey. Public Health Reports.93, (3), 283-292.1978.
  • Ford, Kathleen. Contraceptive use in the United States, 1973-1976. Family Planning Perspectives.10, (5), 264-269.1978.
    • ID: (URL)
  • French, Dwight K.. National Survey of Family Growth, Cycle I: Sample Design, Estimation Procedures,and Variance Estimation. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 2: Data Evaluation and Methods Research.76, Hyattsville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics. 1978.
    • ID: (URL)
  • McCarthy, J.. A comparison of the probability of the dissolution of first and second marriages. Demography.15, 345-359.1978.
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  • Trussell, James, Menken, J.. Early Childbearing and Subsequent Fertility. Family Planning Perspectives.10, 209-218.1978.
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  • Weller, Robert H., Hobbs, Frank B.. The differential attainment of family size goals by race. Southern Sociological Society. 1978.
  • Anderson, John E., Morris, L., Stroh, G., Conn, J., Gesche, M.C.. Contraceptive use: Prevalence among married women in Albany, New York, Health Region, 1974. New York State Journal of Medicine.77, (6), 933-937.1977.
  • Bonham, Gordon Scott. Who adopts: The relationship of adoption and social-demographic characteristics of women. Journal of Marriage and Family.39, (2), 295-306.1977.
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  • Coombs, Lolagene C.. Preferences for sex of children among U.S. couples. Family Planning Perspectives.9, (6), 259-265.1977.
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  • Vaughan, Barbara, Trussell, James, Menken, Jane, Jones, Elise F.. Contraceptive failure among married women in the United States, 1970-1973. Family Planning Perspectives.9, (6), 251-258.1977.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Westoff, Charles F., Jones, Elise F.. Contraception and sterilization in the United States, 1965-1975. Family Planning Perspectives.9, (4), 153-157.1977.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Ford, Kathleen. Cotraceptive Utilization Among Currently Married Women 15-44 Years of Age: United States, 1973. Monthly Vital Statistics Report.25, (7), 1976.
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  • Shimizu, I.R., Bonham, G.S.. Randomized Response Technique in a National Survey. American Statistical Association. Proceedings.761-765.1976.
  • Westoff, Charles F.. Trends in contraceptive practice: 1965-1973. Family Planning Perspectives.8, (2), 54-57.1976.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Patterson, Thomas E., McClure, Robert D.. Television news and political advertising: The impact of exposure on voter beliefs. Communication Research.1, (1), 3-31.1974.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics (1984): National Survey of Family Growth, Cycle I, 1973. Version 1. National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.