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Detroit Area Study, 1974: A Study of Women's Labor Force Participation

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Mason, Karen
  • Mason, William
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Detroit Area Studies Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
cities; dual career families; economic behavior; Equal Employment Opportunity; families; family life; gender roles; job history; job satisfaction; job security; labor force; occupational mobility; political affiliation; political attitudes; political participation; sex discrimination; union membership; women; working women
  • Abstract

    This study of 438 women aged 18-65 in the Detroit metropolitan area in 1974 provides information on their participation in the labor force. Data are provided on the job histories of respondents, up to 14 previous occupations in order to assess the nature of work, length of stay on the job, and the status of public or private employment. Respondents were asked questions about the various jobs they had held, such as their feelings toward their jobs, their reasons for working, job titles held, membership in labor unions, health conditions that might have affected their work, reasons for leaving their jobs, and the geographic location of their workplace, as well as their feelings of job security and job satisfaction. Other questions probed respondents' feelings about equal job opportunities for men and women, equal privileges for women and men, the removal of the glass ceiling for women in America's corporate and political life, the implications for the marriage if a wife earned more than her husband, career-oriented wives, husbands' share of household chores, and working mothers. Additional items explored respondents' opinions of government's efforts to eliminate sexual and racial discrimination, and the idea of changes in divorce laws to make divorce easier or harder to obtain. Demographic variables specify age, sex, education, marital status, income, relationship to head of household, household composition, nationality, political party affiliation, and social class identification. Also provided is demographic information on family members. More information about the Detroit Area Studies Project is available on this Web site.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1974
  • Collection date: 1974
Geographic Coverage
  • Detroit
  • Michigan
  • United States
A total of 438 females aged 18-65 in households who were currently employed and/or had worked for at least ten hours a week for at least two of the previous 24 months prior to the interview in 1974.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7901 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07901.v1
  • Quarm, Daisy. Random Measurement Error as a Source of Discrepancies Between the Reports of Wives and Husbands Concerning Marital Power and Task Allocation. Journal of Marriage and Family.43, (3), 521-535.1981.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hawkins, Darnell F.. The reluctant respondent: Two views. Discussion paper.Chapel Hill, NC: Institute for Research in Social Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 1977.
  • Hawkins, Darnell F.. Nonresponse in Detroit Area Study Surveys: A Ten-Year Analysis. Working Papers in Methodology, Vol. 8.Chapel Hill, NC: Institute for Research in Social Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 1976.
  • Hawkins, Darnell F.. Nonresponse in Detroit Area Study Surveys: A ten year analysis. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 1976.
  • Mason, Karen O., Czajka, John L., Arber, Sara. Changes in U.S. women's sex-role attitudes, 1964-1974. American Sociological Review.41, (4), 573-596.1976.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Jackson, J.S., Flynn, M.S.. External validity: A survey-experiment approach. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.1, (1), 4-6.1974.
    • ID: 10.1177/014616727400100102 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Mason, Karen; Mason, William (1984): Detroit Area Study, 1974: A Study of Women's Labor Force Participation. Archival Version. Detroit Area Studies Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.