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Americans View Their Mental Health, 1957 and 1976: Selected Variables

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Veroff, Joseph
  • Douvan, Elizabeth
  • Kulka, Richard
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
achievement; career goals; divorce; employment history; happiness; job satisfaction; leisure; marriage; memberships; mental health; motivation; occupations; parenting skills; psychological wellbeing; quality of life; self concept; social indicators; social roles; social values
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains 262 comparable variables from AMERICANS VIEW THEIR MENTAL HEALTH, 1957 (ICPSR 3503) and AMERICANS VIEW THEIR MENTAL HEALTH, 1976 (ICPSR 7948). Investigators were interested in determining whether the 1957 descriptive findings remained stable or had changed by 1976, and whether relationships established between sex, age, education, marital status, well-being, role experience, problems, and methods of dealing with stress were replicated or altered in the 1976 results. Variables focus on various areas in which problems might arise, including marriage, parenthood, employment, and general social relationships. Information about leisure time, past and present physical and mental health, and motives for affiliation, achievement, and power were also sought.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Americans aged 21 years and older living in private households in the United States in 1957 and 1976.
Multistage area probability sample.
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7949 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07949.v1
  • Katz, Jerome A.. Secondary analysis in entrepreneurship: An introduction to databases and data management. Journal of Small Business Management.30, (2), 74 -1992.
  • Blake, Judith, Richardson, Barbra, Bhattacharya, Jennifer. Number of Siblings and Sociability. Journal of Marriage and Family.53, (2), 271-283.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hughes, Michael. Parenthood and Psychological Well-Being among the Formerly Married: Are Children the Primary Source of Psychological Distress?. Journal of Family Issues.10, (4), 463-481.1989.
    • ID: 10.1177/019251389010004003 (DOI)
  • McLanahan, Sara, Adams, Julia. The Effects of Children on Adults' Psychological Well-Being: 1957-1976. Social Forces.68, (1), 124-146.1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • McRae, James A., Jr., Kohen, Janet A.. Changes in attributions of marital problems. Social Psychology Quarterly.51, (1), 74-80.1988.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Veroff, Joseph, Douvan, Elizabeth, Kulka, Richard A.. The Inner American: A Self-portrait from 1957-1976. New York: Basic Books. 1981.
  • Veroff, Joseph, Kulka, Richard A., Douvan, Elizabeth. Mental Health in America: Patterns of Help-seeking from 1957 to 1976. New York: Basic Books. 1981.
  • Gurin, Gerald, Veroff, Joseph, Feld, Shiela. Americans view their mental health. Marriage and Work in America: A Study of Motives and Roles.New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. 1970.
  • Veroff, Joseph, Feld, Sheila, Gurin, Gerald. Dimensions of subjective adjustment. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology.64, (3), 192-205.1962.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Veroff, Joseph; Douvan, Elizabeth; Kulka, Richard (1984): Americans View Their Mental Health, 1957 and 1976: Selected Variables. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.