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Characteristics of High and Low Crime Neighborhoods in Atlanta, 1980

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Greenberg, Stephanie
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1984-03-18
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
cities; communities; crime; crime rates; criminal justice system; delinquent behavior; fear of crime; household composition; housing; neighborhood characteristics; neighborhood conditions; neighborhoods; police protection; police response; race relations; urban crime; victimization
Description
  • Abstract

    This study examines the question of how some urban neighborhoods maintain a low crime rate despite their proximity and similarity to relatively high crime areas. The purpose of the study is to investigate differences in various dimensions of the concept of territoriality (spatial identity, local ties, social cohesion, informal social control) and physical characteristics (land use, housing, street type, boundary characteristics) in three pairs of neighborhoods in Atlanta, Georgia. The study neighborhoods were selected by locating pairs of adjacent neighborhoods with distinctly different crime levels. The criteria for selection, other than the difference in crime rates and physical adjacency, were comparable racial composition and comparable economic status. This data collection is divided into two files. Part 1, Atlanta Plan File, contains information on every parcel of land within the six neighborhoods in the study. The variables include ownership, type of land use, physical characteristics, characteristics of structures, and assessed value of each parcel of land within the six neighborhoods. This file was used in the data analysis to measure a number of physical characteristics of parcels and blocks in the study neighborhoods, and as the sampling frame for the household survey. The original data were collected by the City of Atlanta Planning Bureau. Part 2, Atlanta Survey File, contains the results of a household survey administered to a stratified random sample of households within each of the study neighborhoods. Variables cover respondents' attitudes and behavior related to the neighborhood, fear of crime, avoidance and protective measures, and victimization experiences. Crime rates, land use, and housing characteristics of the block in which the respondent resided were coded onto each case record.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Atlanta Plan File
    • DS2: Atlanta Survey File
Temporal Coverage
  • 1980-08 / 1980-10
    Time period: 1980-08--1980-10
  • 1980-08 / 1980-10
    Collection date: 1980-08--1980-10
Geographic Coverage
  • Atlanta
  • Georgia
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Three pairs of adjacent neighborhoods in Atlanta, Georgia.
Sampling
Stratified random sample of Atlanta households.
Note
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1997-09-26 SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been added to this collection. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (79-NI-AX-0080).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7951 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07951.v1
Publications
  • Massey, James L., Krohn, Marvin D., Bonati, Lisa M.. Property crime and the routine activities of individuals. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.26, (4), 378-400.1989.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427889026004004 (DOI)
  • Taylor, Ralph B., Gottfredson, Stephen. Evnironmental design, crime, and prevention: An examination of community dynamics. Communities and Crime. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1986.
  • Taylor, Ralph B., Hale, Margaret. Testing alternative models of fear of crime. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology.77, (1), 151-189.1986.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1143593 (URL)
  • Greenberg, Stephanie W., Roche, William M.. Neighborhood design and crime: A test of two perspectives. Journal of the American Planning Association.50, (1), 48-61.1984.
    • ID: 10.1080/01944368408976581 (DOI)
  • Greenberg, Stephanie W., Rohe, William M., Williams, Jay R.. Safe and Secure Neighborhoods: Physical Characteristics and Informal Territorial Control in High and Low Crime Neighborhoods, Final Report. NCJ 81044, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1982.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/81044NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Greenberg, Stephanie W., Rohe, William M., Williams, Jay R.. Safety in urban neighborhoods: A comparison of physical characteristics and informal territorial control in high and low crime neighborhoods. Population and Environment.5, (3), 141-165.1982.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01257054 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Greenberg, Stephanie (1984): Characteristics of High and Low Crime Neighborhoods in Atlanta, 1980. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07951