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Crime Factors and Neighborhood Decline in Chicago, 1979

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Taub, Richard
  • Taylor, D. Garth
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1984-03-18
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
cities; communities; community participation; crime; criminal justice system; delinquent behavior; fear of crime; household composition; housing conditions; neighborhood characteristics; neighborhood conditions; neighborhoods; police protection; police response; property values; race relations; urban problems; victimization
Description
  • Abstract

    This study explores the relationship between crime and neighborhood deterioration in eight neighborhoods in Chicago. The neighborhoods were selected on the basis of slowly or rapidly appreciating real estate values, stable or changing racial composition, and high or low crime rates. These data provide the results of a telephone survey administered to approximately 400 heads of households in each study neighborhood, a total of 3,310 completed interviews. The survey was designed to measure victimization experience, fear and perceptions of crime, protective measures taken, attitudes toward neighborhood quality and resources, attitudes toward the neighborhood as an investment, and density of community involvement. Each record includes appearance ratings for the block of the respondent's residence and aggregate figures on personal and property victimization for that city block. The aggregate appearance ratings were compiled from windshield surveys taken by trained personnel of the National Opinion Research Center. The criminal victimization figures came from Chicago City Police files.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1979
  • Collection date: 1979
Geographic Coverage
  • Chicago
  • Illinois
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Eight neighborhoods in Chicago.
Sampling
Eight Chicago neighborhoods were selected for the study on the basis of high or low crime rates, stable or changing racial composition, and slowly or rapidly appreciating property values. Respondents from each of the eight neighborhoods were selected on the basis of random-digit dialing and screened for street name and block number.
Note
1997-09-26 SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been added to this collection. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (78-NI-AX-0131).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7952 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Quillian, Lincoln, Pager, Devah. Black neighbors, higher crime? The role of racial stereotypes in evaluations of neighborhood crime. American Journal of Sociology.107, (3), 717-767.2001.
    • ID: 10.1086/338938 (DOI)
  • Quillian, Lincoln, Pager, Devah. Black Neighbors, Higher Crime? The Role of Racial Stereotypes in Evaluations of Neighborhood Crime. CDE Working Paper 2000-03.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/2000-03.pdf (URL)
  • Hope, Tim. Community crime prevention. Building a Safer Society: Strategic Approaches to Crime Prevention. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1995.
  • Greenberg, Stephanie W.. Fear and its relationship to crime, neighborhood deterioration, and informal social control. The Social Ecology of Crime.New York, NY: Springer-Verlag. 1986.
  • Taylor, D. Garth, Taub, Richard P., Peterson, Bruce L.. Crime, community organization, and causes of neighborhood decline. Metropolitan Crime Patterns.Monsey: Criminal Justice Press. 1986.
  • Taub, R.P., Taylor, D.G., Dunham, J.D.. Paths of Neighborhood Change. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1984.
  • Taub, Richard P., Taylor, D. Garth, Dunham, Jan D.. Paths of Neighborhood Change: Race and Crime in Urban America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1984.
  • Taub, Richard P., Taylor, D. Garth, Dunham, Jan D.. Crime Fear of Crime, and the Deterioration of Neighborhoods, Executive Summary. NCJ 80748, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1982.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/80748NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Taub, Richard P., Taylor, D. Garth, Dunham, Jan D.. Crime Fear of Crime, and the Deterioration of Urban Neighborhoods, Final Report. NCJ 79090, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1981.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/79090NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Taub, Richard P., Taylor, D. Garth, Dunham, Jan D.. Neighborhoods and Safety. Reactions to Crime.Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 1981.
  • Taub, Richard P., Taylor, D. Garth, Dunham, Jan D.. Reactions to crime: Impacts of crime: Neighborhoods and safety. Sage Criminal Justice System Annuals.16, 103-119.1981.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Taub, Richard; Taylor, D. Garth (1984): Crime Factors and Neighborhood Decline in Chicago, 1979. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07952.v1