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World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers, 1969-1978

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
Creator
  • United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers [Trade] Series
Publication Date
1984-05-03
Language
English
Free Keywords
armaments; armed forces; arms exports; arms imports; arms race; arms trade; arms transfers; defense (military); defense spending; economic indicators; education expenditures; Gross National Product; international alliances; international trade; military expenditures; military personnel; military strength; nations; NATO; OPEC; population estimates; public health; social indicators; Warsaw Pact; weapons
Description
  • Abstract

    This two-part data collection contains annual information for military expenditures and import and export of arms and military equipment for 139 countries for the period 1969-1978. Data are provided on arms exports and imports, total imports and exports, arms imports and exports as a percentage of the total imports and exports, the gross national product (GNP), and central government expenditures, as well as expenditures on health, education, and the military as a percentage of the GNP, and health and education expenditures as a percentage of military expenditures. Data are also provided on population characteristics, such as the number of teachers, soldiers, and doctors per 1,000 people, the number of teachers and doctors as a percentage of the number of soldiers, and the total population. Other variables provide information on the country's membership in regional alliances such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the former Warsaw Pact, and the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, as well as World Bank membership. Additional variables describe the country's developmental status and the geographic region of the world in which the country is located. In addition, Part 1 data provide information on the total value of arms transferred from major arms supplier countries such as the United States, France, United Kingdom, Italy, Canada, Poland, China, and the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, and West Germany. They are organized by country records. Part 2 data are organized by country-year records.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Country Records
    • DS2: Countries by Year Records
Temporal Coverage
  • 1969 / 1978
    Time period: 1969--1978
Geographic Coverage
  • Afghanistan
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belgium
  • Benin
  • Bolivia
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cape Verde
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China (Peoples Republic)
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Ethiopia
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Global
  • Great Britain
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Ivory Coast
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kenya
  • Kuwait
  • Laos
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Luxembourg
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • North Korea
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Rwanda
  • Sao Tome And Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Korea
  • Soviet Union
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syria
  • Taiwan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Togo
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam (Socialist Republic)
  • Yemen
  • Yugoslavia
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
Sampled Universe
A total of 139 countries, nearly all of which were members of the United Nations.
Collection Mode
  • Users interested in merging these data with earlier or later versions of the same series should consult the related publication listed below for a detailed statement of conversion procedures and methods for making these data comparable with earlier or later series.

Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7964 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07964.v1
Publications
  • Leeds, Brett Ashley. Domestic Political Institutions, Credible Commitments, and International Cooperation. American Journal of Political Science.43, (4), 979-1002.1999.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2991814 (URL)
  • Lebovic, James H.. Consider the Course: Organizational Bias in Estimates of Foreign Military Spending. International Studies Quarterly.42, (1), 161-174.1998.
    • ID: 10.1111/0020-8833.00073 (DOI)
  • Kollias, Christos G.. The Greek-Turkish Conflict and Greek Military Expenditure, 1960-1992. Journal of Peace Research.33, (2), 217-228.1996.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022343396033002007 (DOI)
  • Conybeare, John A.C.. The Portfolio Benefits of Free Riding in Military Alliances. International Studies Quarterly.38, (3), 405-419.1994.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2600739 (URL)
  • Oneal, John R., Diehl, Paul F.. The Theory of Collective Action and NATO Defense Burdens: New Empirical Tests. Political Research Quarterly.47, (2), 373-396.1994.
  • Sislin, John. Arms as Influence: The Determinants of Successful Influence. Journal of Conflict Resolution.38, (4), 665-689.1994.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022002794038004004 (DOI)
  • Mohammed, Nadir A.L., Gyimah-Brempong, Kwabena. Defense Spending and Economic Growth in Subsaharan Africa: Comment on Gyimah-Brempong (and Reply and Rejoinder). Journal of Peace Research.30, (1), 95-99.1993.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022343393030001008 (DOI)
  • Apostolakis, Bobby E.. Warfare-Welfare Expenditure Substitutions in Latin America, 1953-1987. Journal of Peace Research.29, (1), 85-98.1992.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022343392029001007 (DOI)
  • Gyimah-Brempong, Kwabena. Do African Governments Favor Defense in Budgeting?. Journal of Peace Research.29, (2), 191-206.1992.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022343392029002006 (DOI)
  • Isard, Walter, Anderton, Charles H.. Economics of Arms Reduction and the Peace Process: Contributions from Peace Economics and Peace Science. Amsterdam: North-Holland. 1992.
  • Maniruzzaman, Talukder. Arms Transfers, Military Coups, and Military Rule in Developing States. Journal of Conflict Resolution.36, (4), 733-755.1992.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022002792036004006 (DOI)
  • McFerson, Hazel M.. Democracy and Development in Africa. Journal of Peace Research.29, (3), 241-248.1992.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022343392029003001 (DOI)
  • Scheetz, Thomas. The Evolution of Public Sector Expenditures: Changing Political Priorities in Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, and Peru. Journal of Peace Research.29, (2), 175-190.1992.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022343392029002005 (DOI)
  • Krause, Keith. Military Statecraft: Power and Influence in Soviet and American Arms Transfer Relationships. International Studies Quarterly.35, (3), 313-336.1991.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2600702 (URL)
  • Brzoska, Michael. Rustungsexportpolitik: Lenkung, Kontrolle und Einschrankung Bundesdeutscher Rustungsexporte in die Dritte Welt. Arnoldshainer Schriften zur Interdisziplinaeren Oekonomie, vol. 11.Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Haag & Herchen. 1986.
  • Dixon, William J., Moon, Bruce E.. The Military Burden and Basic Human Needs. Journal of Conflict Resolution.30, (4), 660-684.1986.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022002786030004004 (DOI)
  • Moon, Bruce E., Dixon, William J.. Politics, the State, and Basic Human Needs: A Cross-National Study. American Journal of Political Science.29, (4), 661-695.1985.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111176 (URL)
  • (author unknown). World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers, 1969-1978. Washington, DC: United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. 1980.
  • Chan, Steve. The Consequences of Expensive Oil on Arms Transfers. Journal of Peace Research.17, (3), 235-246.1980.
    • ID: 10.1177/002234338001700304 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (1984): World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers, 1969-1978. Archival Version. World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers [Trade] Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07964