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CBS News/New York Times National Surveys, 1981

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • CBS News/The New York Times
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • CBS News/New York Times Poll Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
arms race; automobile industry; child custody; child rearing; economic issues; environmental attitudes; fear of crime; federal budget; foreign policy; government spending; gun control; Iran hostage crisis; juvenile crime; life satisfaction; political expectations; presidential performance; public approval; public opinion; Reagan, Ronald; Reaganomics; school busing; school desegregation; social problems; Social Security; tax cuts; trust in government; victimization; voter history; womens rights
  • Abstract

    These polls are part of a continuing series of surveys that solicit public opinion on the presidency and on a range of other social and political issues. Respondents were asked to give their opinions of President Ronald Reagan and his handling of the presidency, foreign policy, and the economy. Each file contains a set of unique questions pertaining to broader social issues, such as childrearing and victimization. These national surveys were administered by telephone to respondents selected from eligible household members. In Part 1, January 1981, respondents were asked for their views on President Reagan's likely performance as President with respect to economic and foreign affairs, the release of hostages from Iran, the federal budget, and whether funding should be increased or decreased for certain federal programs. Questions about busing to achieve school integration were also included. For Part 2, April 1981, respondents were asked to evaluate President Reagan's current and future performances in economic and foreign affairs. They were also asked about tax cuts, the federal budget, women's rights, El Salvador, Poland, handguns, and Japanese cars. For Part 3, June 1981, respondents were asked to evaluate Reagan's performance as president, and to comment on their general life satisfaction, their confidence in government institutions, their views on crime, whether they voted in the 1980 presidential election, Social Security revisions, and several issues regarding foreign affairs, including military rule in Poland. In Part 4, June 1981, Social Security, respondents gave their views on the Social Security system and how proposed changes affected them. Respondents were also queried for their views on childrearing, punishment of juvenile crime, and who should have custody of children in divorce situations. For Part 5, September 1981, respondents evaluated President Reagan's performance in economic and foreign affairs, and also provided their opinions on environment issues and on various economic proposals, including the Reagan administration's proposed tax cut.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: January 1981
    • DS2: April 1981
    • DS3: June 1981
    • DS4: June 1981, Social Security
    • DS5: September 1981
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1981
Geographic Coverage
  • El Salvador
  • Global
  • Iran
  • Poland
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Households with telephones in the coterminous United States.
Stratified, random-digit dialing with initial screening interviews to determine residential status before inclusion in the sample. Respondent selection within households was designed to control for sex and the relative age composition of the household.
Collection Mode
  • This study contains a weight variable, which must be used in any analysis.

2006-01-18 File CB7991.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7991 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07991.v1
  • Blendon, Robert J., Benson, John M.. Americans' views on health policy: A fifty-year historical perspective. Health Affairs.20, (2), 332001.
  • Russett, Bruce M., Cowden, Jonathan, Kinsella, David, Murray, Shoon. Did Americans' Expectations of Nuclear War Reduce Their Savings. International Studies Quarterly.38, (4), 587-603.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Chressanthis, George A., Shaffer, Stephen D.. Major-Party Failure and Third-Party Voting in Presidential Elections, 1976-1988. Social Science Quarterly.74, (2), 264-273.1993.
  • Wright, Gerald C.. Policy voting in the U.S. Senate: Who is represented?. Legislative Studies Quarterly.14, (4), 465-486.1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Geer, John G.. The Effects of Presidential Debates on the Electorate's Preferences for Candidates. American Politics Quarterly.16, (4), 486-501.1988.
    • ID: 10.1177/004478088016004005 (DOI)
  • Graham, Thomas W.. The Pattern and Importance of Public Knowledge in the Nuclear Age. Journal of Conflict Resolution.32, (2), 319-334.1988.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022002788032002004 (DOI)
  • Robinson, John P., Fleishman, John A.. A report: Ideological identification: Trends and interpretations of the liberal-conservative balance. Public Opinion Quarterly.52, (1), 134-145.1988.
    • ID: 10.1086/269086 (DOI)
  • Erikson, Robert S., McIver, John P., Wright, Gerald C.. State Political Culture and Public Opinion. American Political Science Review.81, (3), 797-814.1987.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Holbrook-Provow, Thomas M., Poe, Steven C.. Measuring State Political Ideology. American Politics Quarterly.15, (3), 399-416.1987.
    • ID: 10.1177/004478087015003006 (DOI)
  • Holsti, Ole R.. Public opinion and containment. Containing the Soviet Union: A Critique of U.S. Policy.Washington, DC: Pergamon-Brassey's International Defense Publishers. 1987.
  • Shapiro, Robert Y., Patterson, Kelly D., Russell, Judith, Young, John T.. The polls: Public Assistance. Public Opinion Quarterly.51, (1), 120-130.1987.
    • ID: 10.1086/269020 (DOI)
  • Gillroy, John M., Shapiro, Robert Y.. The Polls: Environmental Protection. Public Opinion Quarterly.50, (2), 270-279.1986.
    • ID: 10.1086/268981 (DOI)
  • Shapiro, Robert Y., Young, John T.. The Polls: Medical Care in the United States. Public Opinion Quarterly.50, (3), 418-428.1986.
    • ID: 10.1086/268994 (DOI)
  • Shapiro, Robert Y., Smith, Tom W.. The Polls: Social Security. Public Opinion Quarterly.49, (4), 561-572.1985.
    • ID: 10.1086/268951 (DOI)
  • Wright, Gerald C., Erikson, Robert S., McIver, John P.. Measuring state partisanship and ideology with survey data. Journal of Politics.47, (2), 469-489.1985.
  • Keeter, Scott. Problematical pollution polls: Validity in the measurement of public opinion on environmental issues. Political Methodology.10, (3), 267-291.1984.
  • Shapiro, Robert Y., Gillroy, John M.. The Polls: Regulation, Part I. Public Opinion Quarterly.47, (2), 531-542.1984.
    • ID: 10.1086/268850 (DOI)
  • Smith, Tom W.. The Polls: American Attitudes Toward the Soviet Union and Communism. Public Opinion Quarterly.47, (2), 277-292.1983.
    • ID: 10.1086/268786 (DOI)
  • Robinson, Pearl T.. Whither the future of blacks in the Republican party?. Political Science Quarterly.97, (21), 207-231.1982.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Polsby, Nelson. The democratic nomination. The American Elections of 1980.Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. 1981.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

CBS News/The New York Times (1984): CBS News/New York Times National Surveys, 1981. Archival Version. CBS News/New York Times Poll Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.