Eurobarometer 45.1 (Apr-May 1996)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Europäische Kommission
Other Title
  • Standard Eurobarometer 45 (Alternative Title)
  • European Union Rights, Sun Exposure, Work Safety, and Privacy Issues (Subtitle)
Publication Date
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses (Researcher)
  • Marketing Unit, Bruessel (Data Collector)
  • GFK Danmark, Kopenhagen (Data Collector)
  • INRA DEUTSCHLAND, Moelln (Data Collector)
  • KEME, Athen (Data Collector)
  • CIMEI, Madrid (Data Collector)
  • TMO, Paris (Data Collector)
  • Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin (Data Collector)
  • Ulster Marketing Surveys, Nordirland (Data Collector)
  • PRAGMA, Rom (Data Collector)
  • ILRES, Luxemburg (Data Collector)
  • NIPO, Amsterdam (Data Collector)
  • METRIS, Lissabon (Data Collector)
  • NOP Corporate and Financial, London (Data Collector)
  • TEMO, Solna, Schweden (Data Collector)
  • Marketing Development Center, Espoo, Finnland (Data Collector)
  • SPECTRA, Linz, Oesterreich (Data Collector)
  • INRA EUROPE (Internationale Koordination), Bruessel (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Migration
    • General health
    • Health care and medical treatment
    • International politics and organisation
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Science and technology
  • Abstract

    This round of Eurobarometer surveys queried respondents on standard Eurobarometer measures such as public awareness of and attitudes toward the European Union (EU), and also focused on the rights of EU citizens as well as issues of work safety, sun exposure, and personal interviews. Topics: Respondents were asked about their knowledge of and the importance of rights such as traveling, working, buying, investing, studying, voting, and receiving medical care anywhere in the EU. Respondents provided further interpretation as to the meaning of some rights by indicating whether the right to live anywhere includes the right to permanently relocate, work, vote, or retire, if the right to work anywhere includes the right to set up a business, receive unemployment, receive retirement pay, or work as a civil servant, if the right to study includes equal access to schools, universities, scholarships, or exchange programs, and if purchasing rights include the right to buy any amount of goods for personal or other use. Questions concerning work safety asked respondents about their satisfaction with steps taken to guarantee health and safety in the workplace and whether employers, government inspectors, worker representatives, company committees, or individual workers should contribute more or less in order to reduce work accidents or work-related illnesses. Responses were also elicited regarding whether health and safety in the workplace contribute to worker efficiency, benefits for the people, economic benefits, and costs that are difficult for the employer to cover. Issues surrounding interviewing and personal data were also investigated. Respondents were asked if interviewing is a proper scientific tool, whether the interview format allows people to express their opinions, and whether it enables decision-makers to take people´s views into account. Respondents were also asked if interviewing represents a form of intrusion and whether people need legal protection against the misuse of data. Respondents also indicated whether they thought individuals should have the decision as to whether their personal information can be passed on to someone else. Respondents´ attitudes and opinions about sun exposure were also probed. Questions included whether respondents thought sun exposure was good or bad for their health, how best to protect themselves from the sun, and what type of skin, eye color, and hair color they had. Demography: Respondents age, sex, marital status, and left-right political self-placement, as well as household income, the number of people residing in the home, and region.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1996-04-22 / 1996-05-09
  • 1996-05-01 / 1996-05-16
  • 1996-04-19 / 1996-05-06
  • 1996-04-19 / 1996-04-30
  • 1996-04-19 / 1996-04-29
  • 1996-04-15 / 1996-04-26
  • 1996-04-23 / 1996-05-13
    Ireland (Republic)
  • 1996-04-12 / 1996-05-06
  • 1996-04-22 / 1996-05-14
  • 1996-04-18 / 1996-05-02
  • 1996-04-16 / 1996-05-07
    Great Britain
  • 1996-04-23 / 1996-05-13
    Northern Ireland
  • 1996-04-18 / 1996-05-07
  • 1996-04-25 / 1996-05-18
  • 1996-04-20 / 1996-05-12
  • 1996-04-16 / 1996-04-30
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Italy (IT)
Sampled Universe
Persons 15 years old and older
Sampling Procedure Comment: A multi-stage sampling design was used for this Eurobarometer. In the first stage, primary sampling units (PSU) were selected from each of the administrative regions in every country (i.e., Statistical Office of the European Community, EUROSTAT regions). PSU selection was systematic with probability proportional to population size, from sampling frames stratified by the degree of urbanization. In the next stage, a cluster of addresses was selected from each sampled PSU. Addresses were chosen systematically using standard random route procedures, beginning with an initial address selected at random. In each household, a respondent was selected, by a random procedure. Up to three recalls were made to obtain an interview with the selected respondent. No more than one interview was conducted in each household. Interviews were conducted face-to-face in respondents homes in the appropriate national language. Sweden is using a random sample bought at the government census bureau. Respondents were aged 15 and over. Separate samples were drawn for Northern Ireland and East-Germany.
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 16335
    Number of Variables: 437
Survey 45.0 has been canceled Prior to Eurobarometer 45.1 questions on ´sun exposure´ and ´cancer´ have been asked in the context of a special health survey: Commission of the European Communities. EURO HEALTH SURVEY 2: CANCER PREVENTION SURVEY, FEBRUARY-MARCH 1992.
0 - Data and documents are released for everybody.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2831 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR06749.v1 (Type: DOI)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.2831
  • Europäische Kommission (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 45: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Union. Brüssel: Selbstverlag Herbst 1996.
  • INRA (Europe) pour la Commission Européenne, Direction Générale V: Les européens et la sante et la securite sur les lieux de travail. Bruxelles, 13. août 1996.
  • INRA (Europe) pour la Commission Européenne, Direction Générale V: Les Européens et le soleil. Bruxelles, Juillet 1996.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 46 | Registration Date: 2012-08-09