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Health Interview Survey, 1978

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data, clinical data, survey data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Health Interview Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
chronic disabilities; chronic illnesses; disabilities; doctor visits; families; health; health care; health care services; health problems; hospitalization; household composition; illness
  • Abstract

    The purpose of the Health Interview Survey is to obtain information about the amount and distribution of illness, its effects in terms of disability and chronic impairments, and the kinds of health services people receive. There are five types of records in this core survey, each in a separate data file. The variables in the Household File (Part 1) in this collection include type of living quarters, size of family, and geographic region. The Person File (Part 2) variables include sex, age, race, marital status, veteran status, education, income, occupation, and limits on activity. The Condition File (Part 3) contains variables on the incidence of illness or injury within the past year. The Hospital Episode File (Part 4) contains variables on the incidence of hospitalizations and presence of chronic conditions. The Doctor Visit File (Part 5) includes variables regarding frequency of doctor visits, type of doctor seen, and reasons for each visit. A sixth and seventh file have been provided. The Family Medical Expenses File (Part 6) provides variables including sex, age, race, marital status, veteran status, education, income, industry and occupation codes, and limits on activity. Other variables include amounts paid for personal, family, and outside family dental bills, doctor bills, hospital bills, optical bills, prescription medicine, health insurance, and other medical expenses. Other questions include total personal, family, and outside family medical expenses, including and excluding health insurance, and the sex and race of the family head. The Immunization File (Part 7) includes basic demographic variables, hospital stay length, doctor visit periods, types of immunizations received, and when they were obtained.
  • Methods

    These data contain multiple weight variables for each part. Users should refer to the User Guide for further information regarding the weights and their derivation. Additionally, users may need to weight the data prior to analysis.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Household
    • DS2: Person
    • DS3: Condition
    • DS4: Hospital Episode
    • DS5: Doctor Visit
    • DS6: Family Medical Expenses
    • DS7: Immunization
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1978
  • Collection date: 1978
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Civilian noninstitutional population of the United States from 1,900 geographically defined primary sampling units.
Multistage probability design resulted in approximately 116,000 persons in approximately 40,000 households.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview

    These data files contain weights, which must be used in any analysis.

    Per agreement with the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), ICPSR distributes the data files and text of the technical documentation for this collection as prepared by NCHS.

2011-01-05 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files have been added. Some corresponding documentation has been updated and a sixth and seventh data file have been added. Previous documentation has been combined and compiled together, as well as the questionnaire document which can now be found within the technical documentation.2006-03-30 All files were removed from dataset 6 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-03-30 File QU8044.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2006-03-30 File FQ8044.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8044 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08044.v1
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Response to increases in cigarette prices by race/ethnicity, income, and age groups--United States, 1976-1993. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.280, (23), 1979-1980.1998.
  • Pierce, John P., Gilpin, Elizabeth A., Emery, Sherry L., White, Martha M., Rosbrook, Brad, Berry, Charles C.. Has the California Tobacco Control Program reduced smoking?. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.280, (10), 893-899.1998.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.280.10.893 (DOI)
  • Montgomery, Laura E., Kiely, John L., Pappas, Gregory. The effects of poverty, race, and family structure on US children's health: Data from the NHIS, 1978 through 1980 and 1989 through 1991. American Journal of Public Health.86, (10), 1401 -1996.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.10.1401 (DOI)
  • Pollay, Richard W., Siddarth, S., Siegel, Michael, Haddix, Anne, Merritt, R.K., Giovino, G.A., Eriksen, M.P.. The last straw? Cigarette advertising and realized market shares among youths and adults, 1979-1993. Journal of Marketing.60, (2), 1 -1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Waidmann, Timothy, Bound, John, Schoenbaum, Michael. The illusion of failure: Trends in self-reported health in the U.S. elderly. Milbank Quarterly.73, (2), 253-287.1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Giovino, Gary A., Schooley, Michael W., Zhu, Bao-Ping, Crimson, Jeffrey H., Tomar, Scott L., Peddicord, John P., Merritt, Robert K., Husten, Corinne G., Eriksen, Michael P.. Surveillance for Selected Tobacco-Use Behaviors--United States, 1900-1994. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.43, (SS-3), 1-43.1994.
  • Nelson, David E., Giovino, Gary A., Emont, Seth L., Brackbill, Robert, Cameron, Lorraine L., Peddicord, John, Mowery, Paul D.. Trends in cigarette smoking among US physicians and nurses. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.271, (16), 1273-1275.1994.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.271.16.1273 (DOI)
  • Yelin, Edward H., Katz, Patricia P.. Labor force trends of persons with and without disabilities. Monthly Labor Review.117, (10), 36-42.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Novotny, T.E., Fiore, M.C., Hatziandreu, E.J., Giovino, G.A., Mills, S.L., Pierce, J.P.. Trends in smoking by age and sex, United States, 1974-1987: the implications for disease impact. Preventive Medicine.19, (5), 552-561.1990.
    • ID: 10.1016/0091-7435(90)90053-M (DOI)
  • Wolinsky, Fredric, Aguirre, Benigno, Fann, Lih-Jiuan, Niederhauer, John C., Dietrich, Kathy. Ethnic difference in the demand for physician and hospital utilization among older adults in major American cities: Conspicuous evidence of considerable inequalities. Milbank Quarterly.67, (3-4), 412-449.1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Wolinsky, Fredric D., Arnold, Connie Lea. A different prespective on health and health services utilization. Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics.89, 71-101.1988.
  • Ycas, Martynas A.. Recent trends in health near the age of retirement: new findings from the health interview survey. Social Security Bulletin.50, (2), 5-30.1987.
  • Homan, Sharon M., Haddock, Cynthia Carter, Winner, Carol A., Coe, Rodney M., Wolinsky, Fredric D.. Widowhood, sex, labor force participation, and the use of physician services by elderly adults. Journal of Gerontology.41, (6), 793-796.1986.
  • Swartz, Katherine. Interpreting the Estimates from Four National Surveys on the Number of People without Health Insurance. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement.233-242.1986.
  • Liu, William T., Yu, Elena S. H.. Asian/Pacific American elderly: Mortality differentials, health status, and use of health services. Journal of Applied Gerontology.4, (1), 35-64.1985.
    • ID: 10.1177/073346488500400105 (DOI)
  • Makuc, Diane, Kleinman, Joel C., Pierre, Mitchell B., Jr.. Service Areas for Ambulatory Medical Care. Health Services Research.20, (1), 1-18.1985.
  • Verbrugge, Lois M., Madans, Jennifer H.. Women's Roles and Health. American Demographics.7, (3), 36 -1985.
  • Trevino, F.M., Moss, A.J.. Health Indicators for Hispanic, Black and White Americans. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 10: Data from the National Health Interview Survey.148, Hyattsville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics. 1984.
  • Wolinsky, F.D., Coe, R.M.. Physician and hospital utilization among noninstitutionalized elderly adults: an analysis of the Health Interview Survey. Journal of Gerontology.39, (3), 334-341.1984.
  • Kleinman, T.C., Makuc, D.. Travel for Ambulatory Medical Care. Medical Care.21, (5), 543-557.1983.
    • ID: 10.1097/00005650-198305000-00007 (DOI)
  • Manser, Marilyn E., Fineman, Elisabeth A.. The impact of the NHSC on the utilization of physician services and on health status in rural areas. Journal of Human Resources.18, (4), 521-538.1983.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Preblud, Stephen R.. Age-specific risks of varicella complications. Pediatrics.68, (1), 14-17.1981.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 10 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics (1984): Health Interview Survey, 1978. Archival Version. National Health Interview Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.