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National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I, 1971-1975: Food Consumption Intake

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and Followup Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
demographic characteristics; disease; ethnicity; health behavior; health services utilization; health status; hospitalization; malnutrition; medical evaluation; nutrition; populations; risk factors; social indicators
  • Abstract

    The National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (Cycle I) were designed to measure the nutritional status and health of the U.S. population aged 1-74 years and to obtain more detailed information on the health status and medical care needs of adults aged 25-74 years in the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8068 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Austin, Gregory L., Ogden, Lorraine G., Hill, James O.. Trends in carbohydrate, fat, and protein intakes and association with energy intake in normal-weight, overweight, and obese individuals: 1971-2006. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.93, (4), 836-843.2011.
    • ID: 10.3945/​ajcn.110.000141 (DOI)
  • Jolliffe, Dean. Overweight and poor? On the relationship between income and the body mass index. Economics and Human Biology.9, (4), 342-355.2011.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.ehb.2011.07.004 (DOI)
  • Wright, J.D., Kennedy-Stephenson, J.C., Wang, Y., McDowell, M.A., Johnson, C.L.. Trends in intake of energy and macronutrients--United States, 1971-2000. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.53, (4), 80-82.2004.
  • Fillmore, Kaye Middleton, Kerr, William C., Bostrom, Alan. Stability of alcohol consumption over time: Evidence from three longitudinal surveys from the United States. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.63, (3), 325-333.2002.
  • Ford, Earl S.. Vitamin supplement use and diabetes mellitus incidence among adults in the United States. American Journal of Epidemiology.153, (9), 892-897.2001.
    • ID: 10.1093/aje/153.9.892 (DOI)
  • Fang, Jing, Madhavan, Shantha, Alderman, Michael H.. Dietary potassium intake and stroke mortality. Stroke.31, (7), 1532-1537.2000.
    • ID: 10.1161/01.STR.31.7.1532 (DOI)
  • Esslinger, Krista A., Jones, Peter J.H.. Dietary sodium intake and mortality. Nutrition Reviews.56, (10), 311-313.1998.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.1998.tb01667.x (DOI)
  • Krebs-Smith, Susan M.. Progress in improving diet to reduce cancer risk. Cancer.83, (7), 1425-1432.1998.
    • ID: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0142(19981001)83:7<1425::AID-CNCR21>3.0.CO;2-5 (DOI)
  • Mussolino, M.E., Looker, A.C., Madans, J.H., Langlois, J.A., Orwoll, E.S.. Risk factors for hip fracture in white men: the NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.13, (6), 918-924.1998.
    • ID: 10.1359/jbmr.1998.13.6.918 (DOI)
  • Russell, Louise B., Carson, Jeffrey L., Taylor, William C., Milan, Edwin, Jaguannathan, Radha, Dey, Achintan. Modeling all-cause mortality: Projections of the impact of smoking cessation based on the NHEFS. American Journal of Public Health.88, (4), 630-636.1998.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.88.4.630 (DOI)
  • Tucker, K.L., Bianchi, L.A., Maras, J., Bermudez, O.I.. Adaptation of a food frequency questionnaire to assess diets of Puerto Rican and non-Hispanic adults. American Journal of Epidemiology.148, (5), 507-518.1998.
    • ID: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a009676 (DOI)
  • Ernst, Nancy D., Sempos, Christopher T., Briefel, Ronette R., Clark, Mary Beth. Consistency between US dietary fat intake and serum total cholesterol concentrations: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.66, (4 Suppl), 965S-972S.1997.
  • Kant, A.K., Schatzkin, A., Ballard-Barbash, R.. Evening eating and subsequent long-term weight change in a national cohort. International Journal of Obesity.21, (5), 407-412.1997.
    • ID: 10.1038/sj.ijo.0800422 (DOI)
  • Huang, Z., Himes, J.H., McGovern, P.G.. Nutrition and subsequent hip fracture risk among a national cohort of white women. American Journal of Epidemiology.144, (2), 124-134.1996.
    • ID: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a008899 (DOI)
  • Kant, A.K., Schatzkin, A., Graubard, B.I., Ballard-Barbash, R.. Frequency of eating occasions and weight change in the NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. International Journal of Obesity.19, (7), 468-474.1995.
  • Kant, A.K., Schatzkin, A., Ziegler, Regina G.. Dietary diversity and subsequent cause-specific mortality in the NHANES I epidemiologic follow-up study. Journal of the American College of Nutrition.14, (3), 233-238.1995.
  • Matanoski, Genevieve, Kanchanaraksa, Sukon, Lantry, Deborah, Chang, Yong. Characteristics of nonsmoking women in NHANES I and NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study with exposure to spouses who smoke. American Journal of Epidemiology.142, (2), 149-157.1995.
  • Dwyer, Johanna T., Madans, Jennifer H., Turnbull, Barry, Cornoni-Huntley, Joan, Dresser, Connie, Everett, Donald F., Perrone, Ronald D.. Diet, indicators of kidney disease, and later mortality among older persons in the NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. American Journal of Public Health.84, (8), 1299-1303.1994.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.84.8.1299 (DOI)
  • Liao, Youlian, Cooper, Richard S., McGee, Daniel L.. Iron status and coronary heart disease: Negative findings from the NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. American Journal of Epidemiology.139, (7), 704-712.1994.
  • Schwartz, J., Weiss, S.T.. Relationship between dietary vitamin C intake and pulmonary function in the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.59, (1), 110-114.1994.
  • Schwartz, J., Weiss, S.T.. The relationship of dietary fish intake to level of pulmonary function in the first National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES I). European Respiratory Journal.7, (10), 1821-1824.1994.
    • ID: 10.1183/09031936.94.07101821 (DOI)
  • Sempos, Christopher T., Looker, Anne C., Gillum, Richard F., Makuc, Diane M.. Body iron stores and the risk of coronary heart disease. New England Journal of Medicine.330, (16), 1119-1124.1994.
    • ID: 10.1056/NEJM199404213301604 (DOI)
  • Kim, I., Williamson, D.F., Byers, T., Koplan, J.P.. Vitamin and mineral supplement use and mortality in a US cohort. American Journal of Public Health.83, (4), 546-550.1993.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.83.4.546 (DOI)
  • Looker, A.C., Harris, T.B., Madans, J.H., Sempos, C.T.. Dietary calcium and hip fracture risk: the NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-Up Study. Osteoporosis International.3, (4), 177-184.1993.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01623673 (DOI)
  • Wax, Yohanan. Collinearity diagnosis for a relative risk regression analysis: An application to assessment of diet-cancer relationship in epidemiological studies. Statistics in Medicine.11, (10), 1273-1287.1992.
    • ID: 10.1002/sim.4780111003 (DOI)
  • Ford, E.S., Cooper, R.S.. Risk factors for hypertension in a national cohort study. Hypertension.18, (5), 598-606.1991.
    • ID: 10.1161/01.HYP.18.5.598 (DOI)
  • Sichieri, R., Everhart, J.E., Roth, H.. A prospective study of hospitalization with gallstone disease among women: role of dietary factors, fasting period, and dieting. American Journal of Public Health.81, (7), 880-884.1991.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.81.7.880 (DOI)
  • Morabia, A., Sorenson, A., Kumanyika, S.K., Abbey, H., Cohen, B.H., Chee, E.. Vitamin A, cigarette smoking, and airway obstruction. American Review of Respiratory Disease.140, (5), 1312-1316.1989.
    • ID: 10.1164/ajrccm/140.5.1312 (DOI)
  • Anonymous. Diet and dental health as measured by NHANES I data. Nutrition Reviews.45, (10), 302-304.1987.
  • Jones, D. Yvonne, Schatzkin, Arthur, Green, Sylvan B., Block, Gladys, Brinton, Louise A., Ziegler, Regina G., Hoover, Robert, Taylor, Philip R.. Dietary Fat and Breast Cancer in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. Journal of the National Cancer Institute.79, (3), 465-471.1987.
  • Ismail, A.I.. Food cariogenicity in Americans aged from 9 to 29 years assessed in a national cross-sectional survey, 1971-74. Journal of Dental Research.65, (12), 1435-1440.1986.
    • ID: 10.1177/00220345860650121201 (DOI)
  • Braitman, L.E., Adlin, E.V., Stanton, J.L., Jr.. Obesity and caloric intake: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of 1971-1975 (HANES I). Journal of Chronic Diseases.38, (9), 727-732.1985.
    • ID: 10.1016/0021-9681(85)90114-6 (DOI)
  • Davis, Maradee A., Randall, Elizabeth, Forthofer, Ronald N., Lee, Eun Sul, Margen, Sheldon. Living arrangements and dietary patterns of older adults in the United States. Journal of Gerontology.40, (4), 434-442.1985.
  • Gruchow, H.W., Sobocinski, K.A., Barboriak, J.J., Scheller, J.G.. Alcohol consumption, nutrient intake and relative body weight among US adults. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.42, (2), 289-295.1985.
  • Pickle, L.W., Hartman, A.M.. Indicator foods for vitamin A assessment. Nutrition and Cancer.7, (1-2), 3-23.1985.
    • ID: 10.1080/01635588509513835 (DOI)
  • Frisancho, A.R., Leonard, W.R., Bollettino, L.A.. Blood pressure in blacks and whites and its relationship to dietary sodium and potassium intake. Journal of Chronic Diseases.37, (7), 515-519.1984.
    • ID: 10.1016/0021-9681(84)90002-X (DOI)
  • McCarron, D.A.. Calcium and magnesium nutrition in human hypertension. Annals of Internal Medicine.98, (5 Pt. 2), 800-805.1983.
  • McCarron, D.A., Stanton, J., Henry, H., Morris, C.. Assessment of nutritional correlates of blood pressure. Annals of Internal Medicine.98, (5 Pt. 2), 715-719.1983.
  • Kerr, G.R., Lee, E.S., Lam, M.K., Lorimor, R.J., Randall, E., Forthofer, R.N., Davis, M.A., Magnetti, S.M.. Relationship between dietary and biochemical measures of nutritional status in HANES I data. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.35, (2), 294-307.1982.
  • Lowenstein, F.W.. Nutritional status of the elderly in the United States of America, 1971-1974. Journal of the American College of Nutrition.1, (2), 165-177.1982.
  • Posner, B.M., Borman, C.L., Morgan, J.L., Borden, W.S., Ohls, J.C.. The validity of a telephone-administered 24-hour dietary recall methodology. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.36, (3), 546-553.1982.
  • Stanton, J.L., Braitman, L.E., Riley, A.M., Jr., Khoo, C.S., Smith, J.L.. Demographic, dietary, life style, and anthropometric correlates of blood pressure. Hypertension.4, (5 Pt. 2), 35-42.1982.
  • Munch, N., Lloyd, M., Malin, H., Coakley, J., Kaelber, C.. How Americans say they drink: Preliminary data from two recent national surveys. Currents in Alcoholism.8, 233-251.1981.
  • Schwerin, H.S., Stanton, J.L., Riley, A.M., Jr., Schaefer, A.E., Leveille, G.A., Elliott, J.G., Warwick, K.M., Brett, B.E.. Food eating patterns and health: a reexamination of the Ten-State and HANES I surveys. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.34, (4), 568-580.1981.
  • Simopoulos, A.P.. Overview of nutritional status in the United States. Progress in Clinical and Biological Research.67, 237-247.1981.
  • Abraham, Sidney, CarrolI, Margaret D., Johnson, Clifford L., Dresser, Connie M. Villa. Caloric and selected nutrient values for persons 1-74 years of age: First Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. United States, 1971-1974. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 11: Data From the National Health Survey.209, Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 1979.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Abraham, Sidney, Carroll, Margaret D., Dresser, Connie M., Johnson, Clifford L.. Dietary Intake Findings: United States, 1971-74. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 11: Data from the National Health Survey.202, Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 1977.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Youland, D.M., Engle, A.. Practices and problems in HANES. Dietary data methodology. Journal of the American Dietetic Association.68, (1), 22-25.1976.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics (1984): National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I, 1971-1975: Food Consumption Intake. Version 1. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and Followup Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.