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Governmental Responses to Crime in the United States, 1948-1978

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data, survey data
Creator
  • Jacob, Herbert
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1984-03-18
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Law Enforcement Assistance Administration
Language
English
Free Keywords
assault; burglary; cities; correctional facilities; courts; crime; criminal justice system; felony offenses; jails; police departments; population characteristics; prosecuting attorneys; rape; sentencing; states (USA); theft; urban communities; victimization
Description
  • Abstract

    The Governmental Responses to Crime Project was initiated in October 1978 as a result of the rising crime rate in urban areas of the United States and the wide variety of programs seeking to contain it. The project investigated the way in which urban governments, citizens, newspapers and state governments responded to the growth and increasing complexity of crime during the period from 1948 to 1978. Pertinent variables in this data collection include the number of police officers in cities and police expenditures, changes in laws as crime changes, populations, employment rates, family incomes, percent of non-white population, media tracking of crime, city land area, kinds of crimes, crime rates, actual numbers of offenses, penalties given out for crimes committed (time in jail or prison and fines), focus on crimes within certain geographical areas (from within cities or outside the United States), editorial page content, level of prominence of newspaper articles on individual crimes, and the number of editorials relating to specific crimes.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Baseline
    • DS2: Ten City
    • DS3: City Ordinances
    • DS4: State Ordinances
    • DS5: Media Attentiveness in Minneapolis
    • DS6: Media Attentiveness in Indianapolis
    • DS7: Media Attentiveness in Philadelphia
    • DS8: Media Attentiveness in Boston
    • DS9: Media Attentiveness in Oakland
    • DS10: Media Attentiveness in San Jose
    • DS11: Media Attentiveness in Atlanta
    • DS12: Media Attentiveness in Phoenix
    • DS13: Media Attentiveness in Houston
Temporal Coverage
  • 1948 / 1978
    Time period: 1948--1978
  • 1978-10 / 1980-12
    Collection date: 1978-10--1980-12
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All cities in the United States with a population over 50,000 in 1950, 1960, 1970 and 1975.
Sampling
United States cities with both extreme high and low values for several factors relevant to the response to crime, as well as "average" values for same.
Note
Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (78-NI-AX-0096).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8076 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08076.v1
Publications
  • Jacob, H.. The Frustration of Policy: Responses to Crime by American Cities. Boston, MA: Little, Brown, and Co.. 1984.
  • Heinz, Anne, Jacob, Herbert, Lineberry, Robert L.. Crime in City Politics. New York: Longman. 1983.
  • Heinz, Anne M.. Governmental Responses to Crime - Legislative Respondes to Crime - The Changing Content of Criminal Law. NCJ 81624, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1982.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/81624NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Heinz, Anne M.. Legislative Responses to Crime: The Changing Content of Criminal Law. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Center for Urban Affairs and Policy Research. 1982.
  • Jacob, Herbert, Lineberry, Robert. Crime and Governmental Responses in American Cities. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Center for Urban Affairs and Policy Research. 1982.
  • Jacob, Herbert, Lineberry, Robert. Crime on Urban Agendas. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Center for Urban Affairs and Policy Research. 1982.
  • Jacob, Herbert, Lineberry, Robert L.. Governmental Responses to Crime, Executive Summary. NCJ 81621, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1982.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/81621NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Jacob, Herbert, Lineberry, Robert L.. Governmental Responses to Crime, Final Report. NCJ 82111, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1982.
  • Jacob, Herbert, Lineberry, Robert L.. Governmental Responses to Crime: Crime on Urban Agendas. NCJ 81623, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1982.
  • Jacob, Herbert, Lineberry, Robert L., Heinz, Anne M., Rich, Michael J., Swank, Duane H.. Governmental Responses to Crime: Crime and Governmental Responses in American Cities. NCJ 81622, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1982.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/81622NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Jacob, Herbert, Swank, Duane H., Beecher, Janice A., Rich, Michael J.. Keeping pace: Court resources and crime in ten U.S. cities. Judicature.66, (2), 73-83.1982.
  • Selke, William L., Pepinsky, Harold E.. The politics of police reporting in Indianapolis, 1948-1978. Law and Human Behavior.6, (3/4), 327-342.1982.
  • Beecher, J.A., Lineberry, R.L., Rich, M.J.. Politics of police responses to urban crime. Reactions to Crime.Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 1981.
  • Beecher, Janice A., Lineberry, Robert L., Rich, Michael J.. Community power, the urban agenda, and crime policy. Social Science Quarterly.62, (4), 630-643.1981.
  • Jacob, Herbert, Rich, Michael J.. The effects of the police on crime: A second look. Law and Society Review.15, (1), 109-122.1981.
  • Greenblatt, Susan L.. Boston in the Post-World War 2 Period Latent Political Conflict Becomes Blatant. NCJ 83495, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1980.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/83495NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Guyot, D.. Coping With Crime in Newark. NCJ 83493, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1980.
  • McPherson, Marlys. Controlling Vice in Minneapolis During the 1970's. NCJ 82051, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1980.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/82051NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • McPherson, Marlys, Silloway, Glenn, Lewis, Earl. Urban Profile: Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1948-1978. Minneapolis, MN: Minnesota Crime Prevention Center. 1980.
  • Pepinsky, Harold, Parnell, Phillip. Urban Profile of Governmental Responses to Crime in Indianapolis 1948-1978. NCJ 83494, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1980.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/83494NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Mladenka, Kenneth R.. Urban Profile - Houston. NCJ 83490, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. .
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/83490NCJRS.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Jacob, Herbert (1984): Governmental Responses to Crime in the United States, 1948-1978. Version 2. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08076.v2