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Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States]: Public Use Microdata Sample (A Sample): 5-Percent Sample

Resource Type
Dataset : census/enumeration data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States] Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
census data; demographic characteristics; household composition; housing; housing conditions; housing units; population; states (USA)
  • Abstract

    The Public Use Microdata Samples (PUMS) contain person- and household-level information from the "long-form" questionnaires distributed to a sample of the population enumerated in the 1980 Census. This data collection, containing 5-percent data, identifies every state, county groups, and most individual counties with 100,000 or more inhabitants (350 in all). In many cases, individual cities or groups of places with 100,000 or more inhabitants are also identified. Household-level variables include housing tenure, year structure was built, number and types of rooms in dwelling, plumbing facilities, heating equipment, taxes and mortgage costs, number of children, and household and family income. The person record contains demographic items such as sex, age, marital status, race, Spanish origin, income, occupation, transportation to work, and education.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Alabama
    • DS2: Alaska
    • DS4: Arizona
    • DS5: Arkansas
    • DS6: California
    • DS8: Colorado
    • DS9: Connecticut
    • DS10: Delaware
    • DS11: District of Columbia
    • DS12: Florida
    • DS13: Georgia
    • DS15: Hawaii
    • DS16: Idaho
    • DS17: Illinois
    • DS18: Indiana
    • DS19: Iowa
    • DS20: Kansas
    • DS21: Kentucky
    • DS22: Louisiana
    • DS23: Maine
    • DS24: Maryland
    • DS25: Massachusetts
    • DS26: Michigan
    • DS27: Minnesota
    • DS28: Mississippi
    • DS29: Missouri
    • DS30: Montana
    • DS31: Nebraska
    • DS32: Nevada
    • DS33: New Hampshire
    • DS34: New Jersey
    • DS35: New Mexico
    • DS36: New York
    • DS37: North Carolina
    • DS38: North Dakota
    • DS39: Ohio
    • DS40: Oklahoma
    • DS41: Oregon
    • DS42: Pennsylvania
    • DS44: Rhode Island
    • DS45: South Carolina
    • DS46: South Dakota
    • DS47: Tennessee
    • DS48: Texas
    • DS49: Utah
    • DS50: Vermont
    • DS51: Virginia
    • DS53: Washington
    • DS54: West Virginia
    • DS55: Wisconsin
    • DS56: Wyoming
    • DS72: Puerto Rico
    • DS77: County Group Equivalency File--Geographic Area Identification for Samples A and B
    • DS78: County Group Equivalency File--Print File, "A" Sample County Groups
    • DS79: County Group Equivalency File--Print File, "B" Sample County Groups
    • DS80: Data Dictionary for Parts 1-56
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1980
  • Collection date: 1980-04-01
Geographic Coverage
  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York (state)
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Puerto Rico
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • United States
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming
Sampled Universe
All persons and housing units in the United States and Puerto Rico.
For this data collection, the full 1980 Census sample that received the "long-form" questionnaire (19.4 percent of all households) was sampled again through a stratified systematic selection procedure with probability proportional to a measure of size. This 5-percent sample, i.e., 5 households for every 100 households in the nation, includes over one-fourth of the households that received the long-form questionnaire.
Collection Mode
  • The household and person records in each hierarchical data file have logical record lengths of 193 characters, but the number of records varies with each file.

    The record layout for Part 72, Puerto Rico, is different from the state datasets. Refer to the supplemental documentation for this part.

    The codebook is available in hardcopy form only, while the Puerto Rico supplemental documentation is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 81 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 80 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 81 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 80 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.1997-08-25 Part 72, Puerto Rico data, has been added to the collection, as well as supplemental documentation for Puerto Rico in the form of a separate PDF file.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8101 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1984): Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States]: Public Use Microdata Sample (A Sample): 5-Percent Sample. Archival Version. Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States] Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.