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National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey II, 1976-1980: Anthropometric

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and Followup Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
demographic characteristics; disease; ethnicity; health behavior; health services utilization; health status; hospitalization; malnutrition; medical evaluation; nutrition; populations; risk factors; social indicators
  • Abstract

    The second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES II) was designed to measure and monitor the nutritional status and health of the U.S. population aged 6 months through 74 years.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8104 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Wang, Y. Claire, Gortmaker, Steven L., Taveras, Elsie M.. Trends and racial/ethnic disparities in severe obesity among US children and adolescents, 1976-2006. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity.6, (1), 12-20.2011.
    • ID: 10.3109/17477161003587774 (DOI)
  • Keyes, Katherine M., Utz, Rebecca L., Robinson, Whitney, Li, Guohua. What is a cohort effect? Comparison of three statistical methods for modeling cohort effects in obesity prevalence in the United States, 1971-2006. Social Science and Medicine.70, (7), 1100-1108.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.12.018 (DOI)
  • Kramer, Holly, Cao, Guichan, Dugas, Lara, Luke, Amy, Cooper, Richard, Durazo-Arvizu, Ramon. Increasing BMI and waist circumference and prevalence of obesity among adults with Type 2 diabetes: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications.24, (6), 368-374.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2009.10.001 (DOI)
  • Levin, Phillip D., Weissman, Charles. Obesity, metabolic syndrome, and the surgical patient. Medical Clinics of North America.93, (5), 1049-1063.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.mcna.2009.05.004 (DOI)
  • Helmchen, L.A., Henderson, R.M.. Changes in the distribution of body mass index of white US men, 1890-2000. Annals of Human Biology.31, (2), 174-181.2004.
    • ID: 10.1080/03014460410001663434 (DOI)
  • Jolliffe, Jean. Continuous and Robust Measures of the Overweight Epidemic: 1971-2000. Demography.41, (2), 303-314.2004.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2004.0015 (DOI)
  • Sokka, Tuulikki, Krishnan, Eswar. National databases and rheumatology research II: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America.30, (4), 869-878.2004.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.rdc.2004.07.009 (DOI)
  • Al-Hourani, Huda M., Henry, C. Jeya K., Lightowler, Helen J.. Prevalence of overweight among adolescent females in the United Arab Emirates. American Journal of Human Biology.15, (6), 758-764.2003.
    • ID: 10.1002/ajhb.10212 (DOI)
  • Jolliffe, D.. Extent of overweight among US children and adolescents from 1971 to 2000. International Journal of Obesity.28, 4-9.2003.
    • ID: 10.1038/sj.ijo.0802421 (DOI)
  • Zhu, Shankuan, Heo, Moonseong, Plankey, Michael, Faith, Myles S., Allison, David B.. Associations of body mass index and anthropometric indicators of fat mass and fat free mass with all-cause mortality among women in the first and second National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys follow-up studies. Annals of Epidemiology.13, (4), 286-293.2003.
    • ID: 10.1016/S1047-2797(02)00417-9 (DOI)
  • Malinauskas, Brenda M., Gropper, Sareen S., Kawchak, Deborah A., Zemel, Babette S., Ohene-Frempong, K., Stallings, V.A.. Impact of acute illness on nutritional status of infants and young children with sickle cell disease. Journal of the American Dietetic Association.100, (3), 330-334.2000.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0002-8223(00)00103-6 (DOI)
  • Smolej-Narancic, N., Zagar, I.. Overweight and fatness in Dalmatia, Croatia: comparison with the U.S. population reference. Collegium Antropologicum.24, (2), 411-421.2000.
  • Potvin, Louise, Desrosiers, Serge, Trifonopoulos, Mary, LeDuc, Nicole, Rivard, M., Macaulay, A.C., Paradis, G.. Anthropometric characteristics of Mohawk children aged 6 to 11 years: A population perspective. Journal of the American Dietetic Association.99, (8), 955-961.1999.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0002-8223(99)00227-8 (DOI)
  • (author unknown). Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults. Evidence Report.98-4083, National Institutes of Health. 1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Flegal, K.M., Carroll, M.D., Kuczmarski, R.J., Johnson, C.L.. Overweight and obesity in the United States: prevalence and trends, 1960-1994. International Journal of Obesity.22, (1), 39-47.1998.
    • ID: 10.1038/sj.ijo.0800541 (DOI)
  • Krebs-Smith, Susan M.. Progress in improving diet to reduce cancer risk. Cancer.83, (7), 1425-1432.1998.
    • ID: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0142(19981001)83:7<1425::AID-CNCR21>3.0.CO;2-5 (DOI)
  • Rosner, Bernard, Prineas, Ronald, Loggie, Jennifer, Daniels, Stephen R.. Percentiles for body mass index in U.S. children 5 to 17 years of age. Journal of Pediatrics.132, (2), 211-222.1998.
  • Simon, Joel A., Hudes, Esther S.. Serum ascorbic acid and other correlates of gallbladder disease among US adults. American Journal of Public Health.88, (8), 1208-1212.1998.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.88.8.1208 (DOI)
  • Bauer, U.E., Mayne, S.T.. Do ethnic differences in dietary cation intake explain ethnic differences in hypertension prevalence? Results from a cross-sectional analysis. Annals of Epidemiology.7, (7), 479-485.1997.
    • ID: 10.1016/S1047-2797(97)00105-1 (DOI)
  • Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne, Duncan, Greg J.. The Effects of Poverty on Children. Future of Children.7, (2), 55-70.1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Burmaster, D.E., Crouch, E.A.. Lognormal distributions for body weight as a function of age for males and females in the United States, 1976-1980. Risk Analysis.17, (4), 499-505.1997.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.1997.tb00890.x (DOI)
  • Costa, Dora L., Steckel, Richard H.. Long-term trends in health, welfare, and economic growth in the United States. Health and Welfare During Industrialization.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1997.
  • Ford, E.S., Williamson, D.F., Liu, S.. Weight change and diabetes incidence: findings from a national cohort of US adulst. American Journal of Epidemiology.146, (3), 214-222.1997.
    • ID: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a009256 (DOI)
  • Heini, Adrian F., Weinsier, Roland L.. Divergent trends in obesity and fat intake patterns: the American paradox. American Journal of Medicine.102, (3), 259-264.1997.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0002-9343(96)00456-1 (DOI)
  • Ogden, C.L., Troiano, R.P., Briefel, R.R., Kuczmarski, R.J., Flegal, K.M., Johnson, C.L.. Prevalence of overweight among preschool children in the United States, 1971 through 1994. Pediatrics.99, (4), 1997.
    • ID: 10.1542/peds.99.4.e1 (DOI)
  • Plankey, M.W., Stevens, J., Flegal, K.M., Rust, P.F.. Prediction equations do not eliminate systematic error in self-reported body mass index. Obesity Research.5, (4), 308-314.1997.
  • Wolfe, W.S., Sobal, J., Olson, C.M., Frongillo, E.A., Jr.. Parity-associated body weight: modification by sociodemographic and behavioral factors. Obesity Research.5, (2), 131-141.1997.
  • Flegal, Katherine M.. Trends in body weight and overweight in the U.S. population. Nutrition Reviews.54, (4 pt 2), S97-S100.1996.
  • Basu, Srabashi, Landis, J. Richard. Model-based estimation of population attributable risk under cross-sectional sampling. American Journal of Epidemiology.142, (12), 1338-1343.1995.
  • Gruber, E., Anderson, M.M., Ponton, L., DiClemente, R.. Overweight and obesity in native-American adolescents: comparing nonreservation youths with African-American and Caucasian peers. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.11, (5), 306-310.1995.
  • Guendelman, Sylvia, Abrams, Barbara. Dietary intake among Mexican-American women: generational differences and a comparison with white non-Hispanic women. American Journal of Public Health.85, (1), 20-25.1995.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.85.1.20 (DOI)
  • Kant, A.K., Graubard, B.I., Schatzkin, A., Ballard-Barbash, R.. Proportion of energy intake from fat and subsequent weight change in the NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.61, (1), 11-7.1995.
  • Klesges, Robert C., Eck, Linda H., Ray, JoAnne W.. Who underreports dietary intake in a dietary recall? Evidence from the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.63, (3), 438-444.1995.
    • ID: 10.1037/0022-006X.63.3.438 (DOI)
  • National Diabetes Data Group. Diabetes in America, 2nd Edition. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health. 1995.
  • Troiano, Richard P., Flegal, Katherine M., Kuczmarski, Robert J., Campbell, Stephen M., Johnson, Clifford L.. Overweight prevalence and trends for children and adolescents. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 1963 to 1991. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.149, (10), 1085-1091.1995.
    • ID: 10.1001/archpedi.1995.02170230039005 (DOI)
  • Campaigne, B.N., Morrison, J.A., Schumann, B.C., Falkner, F., Lakatos, E., Sprecher, D., Schreiber, G.B.. Indexes of obesity and comparisons with previous national survey data in 9- and 10-year-old black and white girls: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study. Journal of Pediatrics.124, (5 Pt. 1), 675-680.1994.
  • Denke, M.A., Sempos, C.T., Grundy, S.M.. Excess body weight. An under-recognized contributor to dyslipidemia in white American women. Archives of Internal Medicine.154, (4), 401-410.1994.
    • ID: 10.1001/archinte.154.4.401 (DOI)
  • Eck, L.H., Ray, J.W., Klesges, R.C., Relyea, G.E., Hackett-Renner, C.. Physicians' diagnosis of obesity status in NHANES II. International Journal of Obesity.18, (10), 704-708.1994.
  • Kuczmarski, Robert J., Flegal, Katherine M., Campbell, Stephen M., Johnson, Clifford L.. Increasing prevalence of overweight among US adults. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 1960 to 1991. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.272, (3), 205-211.1994.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.272.3.205 (DOI)
  • Rogerson, P.A.. On the relationship between handedness and season of birth for men. Perceptual and Motor Skills.79, (1), 499-506.1994.
    • ID: 10.2466/pms.1994.79.1.499 (DOI)
  • Allison, David B., Heshka, S., Heymsfield, S.B.. Evidence of a major gene with pleiotropic action for a cardiovascular disease risk syndrome in children younger than 14 years. American Journal of Diseases of Children.147, (12), 1298-1302.1993.
  • Cowie, C.C., Harris, M.I., Silverman, R.E., Johnson, E.W., Rust, K.F.. Effect of multiple risk factors on differences between blacks and whites in the prevalence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in the United States. American Journal of Epidemiology.137, (7), 719-732.1993.
  • Denke, M.A., Sempos, C.T., Grundy, S.M.. Excess body weight. An underrecognized contributor to high blood cholesterol levels in white American men. Archives of Internal Medicine.153, (9), 1093-1103.1993.
    • ID: 10.1001/archinte.153.9.1093 (DOI)
  • Frisancho, A. Roberto. Anthropometric standards for the assessment of growth and nutritional status. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. 1993.
  • Gartside, P.S., Glueck, C.J.. Relationship of dietary intake to hospital admission for coronary heart and vascular disease: the NHANES II national probability study. Journal of the American College of Nutrition.12, (6), 676-684.1993.
  • Jackson, M.Y.. Height, weight, and body mass index of American Indian schoolchildren, 1990-1991. Journal of the American Dietetic Association.93, (10), 1136-1140.1993.
    • ID: 10.1016/0002-8223(93)91645-7 (DOI)
  • Klesges, R.C., Klesges, L.M.. The relationship between body mass and cigarette smoking using a biochemical index of smoking exposure. International Journal of Obesity.17, (10), 585-591.1993.
  • Ness, R.B., Kramer, R.A., Flegal, K.M.. Gravidity, blood pressure, and hypertension among white women in the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Epidemiology.4, (4), 303-309.1993.
    • ID: 10.1097/00001648-199307000-00005 (DOI)
  • Yip, R., Scanlon, K., Trowbridge, F.. Trends and patterns in height and weight status of low-income U.S. children. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition.33, (4-5), 409-421.1993.
    • ID: 10.1080/10408399309527640 (DOI)
  • Eck, L.H., Hackett-Renner, C., Klesges, L.M.. Impact of diabetic status, dietary intake, physical activity, and smoking status on body mass index in NHANES II. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.56, (2), 329-333.1992.
  • Ferrario, M., Cesana, G.C., Heiss, G., Linn, S.A., Mocarelli, P., Tyroler, H.A.. Demographic and behavioural correlates of high density lipoprotein cholesterol. An international comparison between northern Italy and the United States. International Journal of Epidemiology.21, (4), 665-675.1992.
    • ID: 10.1093/ije/21.4.665 (DOI)
  • Freedman, D.S., Strogatz, D.S., Williamson, D.F., Aubert, Ronald E.. Education, race, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol among US adults. American Journal of Public Health.82, (7), 999-1006.1992.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.82.7.999 (DOI)
  • Kuczmarski, R.J.. Prevalence of overweight and weight gain in the United States. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.55, (2 Suppl.), 495S-502S.1992.
  • Lopez, L.M., Masse, B.. Comparison of body mass indexes and cutoff points for estimating the prevalence of overweight in Hispanic women. Journal of the American Dietetic Association.92, (11), 1343-1347.1992.
  • Murphy, C.M., Allison, David B., Babbitt, R.L., Patterson, H.L.. Adiposity in children: is mental retardation a critical variable?. International Journal of Obesity.16, (9), 633-638.1992.
  • Sorel, J.E., Ragland, D.R., Syme, S.L., Davis, W.B.. Educational status and blood pressure: the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1976-1980, and the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1982-1984. American Journal of Epidemiology.135, (12), 1339-1348.1992.
  • Baba, S., Pan, W.H., Ueshima, H., Ozawa, H., Komachi, Y., Stamler, R., Ruth, K., Stamler, J.. Blood pressure levels, related factors, and hypertension control status of Japanese and Americans. Journal of Human Hypertension.5, (4), 317-332.1991.
  • Davies, K.M., Recker, R.R., Stegman, M.R., Heaney, R.P.. Tallness versus shrinkage: do women shrink with age or grow taller with recent birth date?. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.6, (10), 1115-1120.1991.
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  • Harris, M.I.. Epidemiological correlates of NIDDM in Hispanics, whites, and blacks in the U.S. population. Diabetes Care.14, (7), 639-648.1991.
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  • Kahn, H.S., Williamson, D.F.. Is race associated with weight change in US adults after adjustment for income, education, and marital factors?. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.53, (6 Suppl.), 1566S-1570S.1991.
  • Klesges, R.C., Klesges, L.M., Meyers, A.W.. Relationship of smoking status, energy balance, and body weight: analysis of the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.59, (6), 899-905.1991.
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  • Schwartz, J., Weiss, S.T.. Host and environmental factors influencing the peripheral blood leukocyte count. American Journal of Epidemiology.134, (12), 1402-1409.1991.
  • Boyko, E.J., Alderman, B.W., Keane, E.M., Baron, A.E.. Effects of childbearing on glucose tolerance and NIDDM prevalence. Diabetes Care.13, (8), 848-854.1990.
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  • Flegal, K.M.. Ratio of actual to predicted weight as an alternative to a power-type weight-height index (Benn index). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.51, (4), 540-547.1990.
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  • Rowland, M.L.. Self-reported weight and height. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.52, (6), 1125-1133.1990.
  • Harris, M.I.. Impaired glucose tolerance in the U.S. population. Diabetes Care.12, (7), 464-474.1989.
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  • Linn, S., Fulwood, R., Rifkind, B., Carroll, M., Muesing, R., Williams, O.D., Johnson, C.. High density lipoprotein cholesterol levels among US adults by selected demographic and socioeconomic variables. The Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1976-1980. American Journal of Epidemiology.129, (2), 281-294.1989.
  • Marks, G.C., Habicht, J.P., Mueller, W.H.. Reliability, dependability, and precision of anthropometric measurements. The Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1976-1980. American Journal of Epidemiology.130, (3), 578-587.1989.
  • Martorell, R., Mendoza, F.S., Castillo, R.O.. Genetic and environmental determinants of growth in Mexican-Americans. Pediatrics.84, (5), 864-871.1989.
  • Roccella, E.J., Lenfant, C.. Regional and racial differences among stroke victims in the United States. Clinical Cardiology.12, (12 Suppl. 4), IV18-IV22.1989.
  • Turkeltaub, P.C., Gergen, P.J.. The risk of adverse reactions from percutaneous prick-puncture allergen skin testing, venipuncture, and body measurements: data from the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1976-80 (NHANES II). Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.84, (6 Pt. 1), 886-890.1989.
    • ID: 10.1016/0091-6749(89)90384-9 (DOI)
  • Flegal, K.M., Harlan, W.R., Landis, J.R.. Secular trends in body mass index and skinfold thickness with socioeconomic factors in young adult men. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.48, (3), 544-551.1988.
  • Flegal, K.M., Harlan, W.R., Landis, J.R.. Secular trends in body mass index and skinfold thickness with socioeconomic factors in young adult women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.48, (3), 535-543.1988.
  • Korn, Edward L., Graubard, Barry I.. Examining neighbourhood confounding in a survey: An example using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey II. Statistics in Medicine.7, (10), 1087-1098.1988.
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    • ID: (URL)
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  • Micozzi, M.S., Albanes, Demetrius, Jones, D.Y., Chumlea, W.C.. Correlations of body mass indices with weight, stature, and body composition in men and women in NHANES I and II. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.44, (6), 725-731.1986.
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  • Gartside, P.S., Khoury, P., Glueck, C.J.. Determinants of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in blacks and whites: the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. American Heart Journal.108, (3 Pt. 2), 641-653.1984.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics (1984): National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey II, 1976-1980: Anthropometric. Version 1. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and Followup Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.