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Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States]: Public Use Microdata Sample (C Sample): 1-Percent Sample

Resource Type
Dataset : census/enumeration data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States] Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
census data; demographic characteristics; household composition; housing; housing conditions; housing units; population; states (USA)
  • Abstract

    The Public Use Microdata Samples (PUMS) contain person- and household-level information from the "long-form" questionnaires distributed to a sample of the population enumerated in the 1980 Census. The C Sample, containing 1 percent data, identifies census regions, divisions, 27 individual states, and the District of Columbia. Four types of areas are shown: inside central cities, urban fringe, other urban, and rural. The C Sample separately identifies every urbanized area with a total population over 800,000, and roughly half of the urbanized areas between 200,000 and 800,000. Household-level variables include housing tenure, year structure was built, number and types of rooms in dwelling, plumbing facilities, heating equipment, taxes and mortgage costs, number of children, and household and family income. Person-level variables include sex, age, marital status, race, Spanish origin, income, occupation, transportation to work, and education.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Alabama
    • DS2: Alaska and Hawaii
    • DS4: Arizona and New Mexico
    • DS5: Arkansas
    • DS6: California
    • DS8: Colorado
    • DS9: Connecticut
    • DS11: District of Columbia
    • DS12: Florida
    • DS13: Georgia
    • DS17: Illinois
    • DS18: Indiana
    • DS21: Kentucky
    • DS22: Louisiana
    • DS23: Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont
    • DS24: Maryland and Delaware
    • DS25: Massachusetts and Rhode Island
    • DS26: Michigan
    • DS27: Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, and North Dakota
    • DS28: Mississippi
    • DS30: Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming
    • DS34: New Jersey
    • DS36: New York
    • DS37: North Carolina
    • DS39: Ohio
    • DS40: Oklahoma
    • DS41: Oregon
    • DS42: Pennsylvania
    • DS45: South Carolina
    • DS47: Tennessee
    • DS48: Texas
    • DS49: Utah and Nevada
    • DS51: Virginia
    • DS53: Washington
    • DS54: West Virginia
    • DS55: Wisconsin
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1980
  • Collection date: 1980-04-01
Geographic Coverage
  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York (state)
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Puerto Rico
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • United States
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming
Sampled Universe
All persons and housing units in the United States.
The C Sample is a stratified sample of households that received the "long-form" questionnaire. It comprises 1 percent of all households enumerated in the Census.
Collection Mode
  • The household and person records in each data file have a logical record length of 193 characters, but the number of records varies with each file.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 81 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 80 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 81 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 80 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8114 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08114.v1
  • Kritz, Mary M., Gurak, Douglas T.. Immigration and a Changing America. Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau. 2004.
  • Pettit, Becky, Western, Bruce. Mass imprisonment and the life course: Race and class inequality in U. S. incarceration. American Sociological Review.69, (2), 151-169.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/000312240406900201 (DOI)
  • Davila, Alberto, Mora, Marie T.. The English-Skill Acquisition of Hispanic Americans during the 1980s. Social Science Quarterly.81, (1), 261-275.2000.
  • Jacobsen, Joyce P., Pearce, James Wishart, III, Rosenbloom, Joshua L.. The effects of childbearing on married women's labor supply and earnings: Using twin births as a natural experiment. Journal of Human Resources.34, (3), 449-474.1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Van Hook, Jennifer, Bean, Frank D.. The growth in noncitizen SSI caseloads 1979-1996: Aging versus new immigrant effects. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.54B, (1), S16-S23.1999.
  • Mora, Marie T.. Did the English Deficiency Earnings Penalty change for Hispanic Men between 1979 and 1989?. Social Science Quarterly.79, (3), 581-594.1998.
  • Mora, Marie T., Davila, Alberto. Gender, earnings, and the English skill acquisition of Hispanic workers in the United States. Economic Inquiry.36, (4), 631-644.1998.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.1998.tb01741.x (DOI)
  • Bean, Frank D., Van Hook, Jennifer V. W., Glick, Jennifer E.. Country of Origin, Type of Public Assistance, and Patterns of Welfare Recipiency among U.S. Immigrants and Natives. Social Science Quarterly.78, (2), 432-451.1997.
  • Jacobson, Joyce P.. Trends in Workforce Segregation: 1980 and 1990 Census Figures. Social Science Quarterly.78, (1), 234-235.1997.
  • Borjas, George J.. Long-run convergence of ethnic skill differentials: The children and grandchildren of the Great Migration. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.47, (4), 553 -1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Jacobsen, Joyce P.. Trends in Work Force Segregation, 1960-1990. Social Science Quarterly.75, (1), 204-211.1994.
  • Rodgers, Joan R.. Female-headed families: Why are they so poor?. Review of Social Economy.52, (2), 22 -1994.
    • ID: 10.1080/758519572 (DOI)
  • Belanger, Alain, Rogers, Andrei. The internal migration and spatial redistribution of the foreign-born population in the United States: 1965-70 and 1975-80. International Migration Review.26, (4), 1342-1369.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Cutler, Stephen J., Coward, Raymond T.. Availability of Personal Transportation in Households of Elders: Age, Gender, and Residence Differences. Gerontologist.32, (1), 776-814.1992.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/32.1.77 (DOI)
  • Mare, Robert D.. Five decades of educational assortative mating. American Sociological Review.56, (1), 15-32.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Ong, Paul M.. Race and post-displacement earnings among high-tech workers. Industrial Relations.30, (3), 456-468.1991.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1468-232X.1991.tb00798.x (DOI)
  • Coward, Raymond T., Cutler, Stephen J., Schmidt, Frederick E.. Differences in the household xomposition of elders by age, gender, and area of residence. Gerontologist.29, (6), 814-821.1989.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/29.6.814 (DOI)
  • Blau, Francine D., Carlson, Leonard A.. Trends in Earnings of Women and Minorities: Discussion by the Authors. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.41, (4), 547-532.1988.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Carlson, Leonard A., Swartz, Caroline. The Earnings of Women and Ethnic Minorities. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.41, (4), 530-546.1988.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Wilson, Franklin D.. Aspects of migration in an advanced industrial society. American Sociological Review.53, (1), 113-126.1988.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1984): Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States]: Public Use Microdata Sample (C Sample): 1-Percent Sample. Archival Version. Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States] Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.