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American Public Opinion and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1982

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Chicago Council on Foreign Relations
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American Public Opinion and United States Foreign Policy Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
arms race; Cold War; domestic policy; foreign affairs; foreign aid; foreign policy; human rights; international relations; leadership; national elites; national interests; policy making; public approval; public opinion
  • Abstract

    This data collection consists of two surveys conducted in the United States during the final months of 1982 by the Gallup Organization. Variables measure attitudes concerning the role of the United States in the world. Issues include the relationship between domestic and foreign policy priorities, the appropriate response to the increasing diplomatic and political as well as military reach of the Soviet Union, the shift in foreign policy priorities, and the roles of various individuals and institutions in the implementation of foreign policy. Part 1 is a public survey involving a stratified, weighted, systematic national sample of 1,547 respondents aged 18 and older. Part 2 is a leadership sample including 341 individuals representing Americans in senior positions with knowledge of international affairs. Roughly equal proportions were chosen from the national political and governmental world, including senators and representatives (members of the Foreign Relations, International Relations, and Armed Services committees), and officials with international responsibilities from the State, Treasury, Defense, and other departments, and from the business community, the communications field, education, and foreign policy institutes. A smaller number of leaders was drawn from national unions, churches, voluntary organizations, and ethnic organizations.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: General Public Survey
    • DS2: National Leaders Survey
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1982
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
General Public Survey: Persons aged 18 and older. National Leaders Survey: Senators, representatives, and government officials with international responsibilities. A smaller number of leaders was drawn from national unions, churches, voluntary organizations, and other ethnic organizations.
General Public Survey: Stratified, systematic national sample of 1,547 respondents.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8130 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Cunningham, Jennifer, Moore, Michael K.. Elite and Mass Foreign Policy Opinions: Who Is Leading This Parade?. Social Science Quarterly.78, (3), 641-656.1997.
  • Fite, David, Genest, Marc, Wilcox, Clyde. Gender Differences in Foreign Policy Attitudes: A Longitudinal Analysis. American Politics Quarterly.18, (4), 492-513.1990.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X9001800406 (DOI)
  • Wittkopf, Eugene R.. Elites and Masses: Another Look at Attitudes toward America's World Role. International Studies Quarterly.31, (2), 131-159.1987.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Herrmann, Richard. The Power of Perceptions in Foreign-Policy Decision Making: Do Views of the Soviet Union Determine the Policy Choices of American Leaders?. American Journal of Political Science.30, (4), 841-875.1986.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Wittkopf, Eugene R.. On the Foreign Policy Beliefs of the American People: A Critique and Some Evidence. International Studies Quarterly.30, (4), 425-445.1986.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Rielly, John. American opinion: Continuity, not Reaganism. Foreign Policy.(50), 86-104.1983.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Schneider, William. Elite and public opinion: The alliance's new fissure. Public Opinion.51, 5-8.1983.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Chicago Council on Foreign Relations (1984): American Public Opinion and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1982. Version 1. American Public Opinion and United States Foreign Policy Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.