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Reactions to Crime Project, 1977 [Chicago, Philadelphia, San Francisco]: Survey on Fear of Crime and Citizen Behavior

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Center for Urban Affairs and Policy Research
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1984-07-13
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
assault; cities; crime; crime prevention; mass media; newspapers; rape; recreational activities; shopping behavior; social attitudes
Description
  • Abstract

    This survey was conducted by the Center for Urban Affairs and Policy Research at Northwestern University to gather information for two projects that analyzed the impact of crime on the lives of city dwellers. These projects were the Reactions to Crime (RTC) Project, which was supported by the United States Department of Justice's National Institute of Justice as part of its Research Agreements Program, and the Rape Project, supported by the National Center for the Prevention and Control of Rape, a subdivision of the National Institute of Mental Health. Both investigations were concerned with individual behavior and collective reactions to crime. The Rape Project was specifically concerned with sexual assault and its consequences for the lives of women. The three cities selected for study were Chicago, Philadelphia, and San Francisco. A total of ten neighborhoods were chosen from these cities along a number of dimensions -- ethnicity, class, crime, and levels of organizational activity. In addition, a small city-wide sample was drawn from each city. Reactions to crime topics covered how individuals band together to deal with crime problems, individual responses to crime such as property marking or the installation of locks and bars, and the impact of fear of crime on day-to-day behavior -- for example, shopping and recreational patterns. Respondents were asked several questions that called for self-reports of behavior, including events and conditions in their home areas, their relationship to their neighbors, who they knew and visited around their homes, and what they watched on TV and read in the newspapers. Also included were a number of questions measuring respondents' perceptions of the extent of crime in their communities, whether they knew someone who had been a victim, and what they had done to reduce their own chances of being victimized. Questions on sexual assault/rape included whether the respondent thought this was a neighborhood problem, if the number of rapes in the neighborhood were increasing or decreasing, how many women they thought had been sexually assaulted or raped in the neighborhood in the previous year, and how they felt about various rape prevention measures, such as increasing home security, women not going out alone at night, women dressing more modestly, learning self-defense techniques, carrying weapons, increasing men's respect of women, and newspapers publishing the names of known rapists. Female respondents were asked whether they thought it likely that they would be sexually assaulted in the next year, how much they feared sexual assault when going out alone after dark in the neighborhood, whether they knew a sexual assault victim, whether they had reported any sexual assaults to police, and where and when sexual assaults took place that they were aware of. Demographic information collected on respondents includes age, race, ethnicity, education, occupation, income, and whether the respondent owned or rented their home.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1977-10 / 1977-12
    Time period: 1977-10--1977-12
  • 1977-10 / 1977-12
    Collection date: 1977-10--1977-12
Geographic Coverage
  • California
  • Chicago
  • Illinois
  • Los Angeles
  • Pennsylvania
  • Philadelphia
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Adult Residents of Chicago, Philadelphia, and San Francisco.
Sampling
A random sample of each of the three cities was drawn.
Note
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1997-12-12 SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been added to this collection. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (78-NI-AX-0057).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8162 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08162.v1
Publications
  • Bittner, Gary Edward. Role reduction, neighboring involvement, and neighborhood organizations: Participation in crime prevention programs. Dissertation, Catholic University of America. 1989.
  • Lewis, Dan A., Salem, Greta. Fear of Crime: Incivility and the Production of a Social Problem. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books. 1986.
  • Dubow, F., Podolefsky, A.. Citizen participation in community crime prevention. Human Organization.41, (4), 1982.
  • Skogan, W.G., Lewis, D.A., Podolefsky, A., DuBow, F., Gordon, M.T., Hunger, A., Maxfield, M.G., Salem, G.. Reactions to Crime Project, Executive Summary. NCJ 83713, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1982.
  • Skogan, Wesley G., et al. The Reactions to Crime Project: Executive Summary. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. 1982.
  • Gordon, M.T., Heath, L.. New Business, Crime, and Fear. Reactions to Crime.Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 1981.
  • Lewis, Dan A., Salem, Greta. Community Crime Prevention: An Analysis of a Developing Strategy. Crime and Delinquency.27, (3), 405-421.1981.
    • ID: 10.1177/001112878102700307 (DOI)
  • Podolefsky, Aaron, Dubow, Fredric. Strategies for Community Crime Prevention: Collective Responses to Crime in Urban America. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 1981.
  • Riger, Stephanie, Lavrakas, Paul J.. Community Ties: Patterns of Attachment and Social Interaction in Urban Neighborhoods. American Journal of Community Psychology.9, (1), 55-66.1981.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF00896360 (DOI)
  • Skogan, Wesley G., Maxfield, Michael G.. Coping with Crime: Individual and Neighborhood Reactions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 1981.
  • Baumer, T.L.. Personal Protective Behaviors and the Threat of Crime: A Comparative Analysis. Dissertation, Loyola University of Chicago. 1980.
  • Brooks, Stephen C.. Politics of Crime in the 1970s: A Two City Comparison. Reactions to Crime Papers.NCJ 82420, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1980.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/82420.pdf (URL)
  • Lavrakas, Paul J., Lewis, Dan A.. The conceptualization and measurement of citizens' crime prevention behaviors. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.17, (2), 254-272.1980.
    • ID: 10.1177/002242788001700208 (DOI)
  • Lewis, D.A.. Sociological Theory and the Production of a Social Problem: The Case of Fear of Crime. Reactions to Crime Papers.NCJ 82435, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 1980.
  • Lewis, Dan A., Maxfield, Michael G.. Fear in the Neighborhoods: An Investigation of the Impact of Crime. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.17, (2), 160-189.1980.
    • ID: 10.1177/002242788001700203 (DOI)
  • Lewis, Dan A., Salem, Greta. Crime and Urban Community: Towards a Theory of Neighborhood Security, Volume 3. NCJ 85505, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1980.
  • Maxfield, M.G., Hunter, A.. Methodological Overview of the Reactions to Crime Project, Volume 4. NCJ 85917, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1980.
  • Rogel, Mary J., Gordon, Margaret T., Le Bailly, Robert K., Riger, Stephanie. The lifestyle-victimization hypothesis: A predictive test. American Sociological Association. 1980.
  • Skogan, W.G., Maxfield, M.G.. Cope with Crime: Victimization, Fear, and Reactions to Crime in Three American Cities, Volume I. NCJ 85506, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1980.
  • Skogan, W.G., Maxfield, M.G.. Coping with Crime: Victimization, Fear, and Reactions to Crime in Three American Cities, Volume I. Reactions to Crime Papers.NCJ 138641, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 1980.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/138641.pdf (URL)
  • Tyler, T.R.. Impact of Directly and Indirectly Experienced Events: The Origin of Crime-Related Judgments and Behaviors. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.39, (1), 13-28.1980.
    • ID: 10.1037/0022-3514.39.1.13 (DOI)
  • Baumer, T., Hunter, A.. Perceived Street Traffic, Social Integration and Fear of Crime. NCJ 82424, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 1979.
  • DuBow, F., McCabe, E., Kaplan, G.. Reactions to Crime: A Critical Review of the Literature. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice. 1979.
  • DuBow, F., Podolefsky, A.. Participation in Collective Responses to Crime. NCJ 82431, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 1979.
  • Emmons, David. Neighborhood Activists and Community Organizations A Critical Review of the Literature. NCJ 83221, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 1979.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/83221.pdf (URL)
  • Gordon, M.T.. Crime in the Newspapers and Fear in the Neighborhoods: Some Unintended Consequences, Volume 5. 88470, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1979.
  • Gordon, T., Riger, S.. Fear and Avoidance: A Link Between Attitudes and Behavior. Victimology.4, (4), 395-402.1979.
  • Heath, L., Gordon, M.T., LeBailly, R.. What Newspapers Tell Us (And Don't Tell Us) About Rape. Meeting of the American Psychological Association.New York. 1979.
  • Skogan, Wesley G.. Crime in Contemporary America. Violence in America: Historical and Comparative Perspectives.Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 1979.
  • DuBow, Fred, Podolefsky, Aaron. Correlates of Participation in Collective Responses to Crime. Meeting of the American Society of Criminology.Dallas, TX. 1978.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/82418.pdf (URL)
  • Hunter, Albert. Symbols of Incivility: Social Disorder and Fear of Crime in Urban Neighborhoods. NCJ 82421, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 1978.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/82421.pdf (URL)
  • Kidder, L.H., Cohn, E.S.. Personal Theories About the Causes of Crime: An Attributional Analysis of Crime Prevention Efforts. NCJ 82428, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 1978.
  • Skogan, W.G.. Coping With Crime: Fear and Risk Management in Urban Communities. Meeting of the American Society of Criminology.Dallas, TX. 1978.
  • Baumer, T.. Dimensions of Fear: A Preliminary Investigation. NCJ 82433, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 1977.
  • Baumer, T., DuBow, F.. Fear of Crime in the Polls: What They Do and Do Not Tell Us. Meeting of the American Association of Public Opinion Research.Buck Hill Falls, PA. 1977.
  • Kidder, R., Hollins, E.. Urban Community and Reactions to Crime: Preliminary Analysis of Urban Area as a Determinant of Fear. NCJ 82427, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 1977.
  • Maxfield, M.G.. Reactions to Fear: Indirect Costs and Adaptive Behaviors. NCJ 82434, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 1977.
  • Cohn, E.S.. Fear and Control: The Effect of Age and Family Composition. NCJ 82432, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 1976.
  • Hollins, E.. Fear of Crime and Some Dimensions of Community Response. NCJ 82429, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 1976.
  • Kim, Y.J.. Social Correlates of Perceptions of Neighborhood Crime Problems and Fear of Victimization. NCJ 82430, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 1976.
  • Skogan, W.G.. Fear of Crime Among the Elderly. NCJ 82425, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. .

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Center for Urban Affairs and Policy Research (1984): Reactions to Crime Project, 1977 [Chicago, Philadelphia, San Francisco]: Survey on Fear of Crime and Citizen Behavior. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08162