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Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States]: Public Use Microdata Sample (B Sample): 1-Percent Sample

Resource Type
Dataset : census/enumeration data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States] Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
census data; demographic characteristics; household composition; housing; housing conditions; housing units; population; states (USA)
  • Abstract

    The Public Use Microdata Samples (PUMS) contain person- and household-level information from the "long-form" questionnaires distributed to a sample of the population enumerated in the 1980 Census. The B Sample containing 1-percent data, consists of a file for each state and an additional file for households and persons residing in metropolitan areas that are too small to be separately identified and/or that cross state boundaries. The B Sample defines Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (SMSAs) and county groups differently than in the A Sample [CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING, 1980 [UNITED STATES]: PUBLIC USE MICRODATA SAMPLE (A SAMPLE): 5-PERCENT SAMPLE (ICPSR 8101)]. Most states cannot be identified in their entirety. Household-level variables include housing tenure, year structure was built, number and types of rooms in dwelling, plumbing facilities, heating equipment, taxes and mortgage costs, number of children, and household and family income. The person record, in addition to containing demographic items such as sex, age, marital status, race, Spanish origin, income, occupation, transportation to work, and education.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Alabama
    • DS2: Alaska
    • DS4: Arizona
    • DS5: Arkansas
    • DS6: California
    • DS8: Colorado
    • DS9: Connecticut
    • DS10: Delaware
    • DS11: District of Columbia
    • DS12: Florida
    • DS13: Georgia
    • DS15: Hawaii
    • DS16: Idaho
    • DS17: Illinois
    • DS18: Indiana
    • DS19: Iowa
    • DS20: Kansas
    • DS21: Kentucky
    • DS22: Louisiana
    • DS23: Maine
    • DS24: Maryland
    • DS25: Massachusetts
    • DS26: Michigan
    • DS27: Minnesota
    • DS28: Mississippi
    • DS29: Missouri
    • DS30: Montana
    • DS31: Nebraska
    • DS32: Nevada
    • DS33: New Hampshire
    • DS34: New Jersey
    • DS35: New Mexico
    • DS36: New York
    • DS37: North Carolina
    • DS38: North Dakota
    • DS39: Ohio
    • DS40: Oklahoma
    • DS41: Oregon
    • DS42: Pennsylvania
    • DS44: Rhode Island
    • DS45: South Carolina
    • DS46: South Dakota
    • DS47: Tennessee
    • DS48: Texas
    • DS49: Utah
    • DS50: Vermont
    • DS51: Virginia
    • DS53: Washington
    • DS54: West Virginia
    • DS55: Wisconsin
    • DS56: Wyoming
    • DS77: County Group Equivalency File--Geographic Area Identification for Samples A and B
    • DS78: County Group Equivalency File--Print File, "A" Sample County Groups
    • DS79: County Group Equivalency File--Print File, "B" Sample County Groups
    • DS99: State File
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1980
  • Collection date: 1980-04-01
Geographic Coverage
  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York (state)
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Puerto Rico
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • United States
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming
Sampled Universe
All persons and housing units in the United States.
The B Sample is a stratified sample of households that received the "long-form" questionnaire in the 1980 Census. It comprises 1 percent of all households enumerated in the Census.
Collection Mode
  • The household and person records in each data file have a logical record length of 193 characters, but the number of records varies with each file.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 81 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 80 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 81 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 80 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8170 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Gittell, Ross. Constrained choices and persistent gender inequity: The economic status of working women in a high-income, low-poverty state with lessons for others. American Behavioral Scientist.53, (2), 170-192.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/0002764209346697 (DOI)
  • Angrist, Joshua, Chin, Aimee, Godoy, Ricardo. Is Spanish-only schooling responsible for the Puerto Rican language gap?. Journal of Development Economics.85, 105-128.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2006.06.004 (DOI)
  • Kritz, Mary M., Gurak, Douglas T.. Immigration and a Changing America. Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau. 2004.
  • Davila, Alberto, Mora, Marie T.. The English-Skill Acquisition of Hispanic Americans during the 1980s. Social Science Quarterly.81, (1), 261-275.2000.
  • Jacobsen, Joyce P., Pearce, James Wishart, III, Rosenbloom, Joshua L.. The effects of childbearing on married women's labor supply and earnings: Using twin births as a natural experiment. Journal of Human Resources.34, (3), 449-474.1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Van Hook, Jennifer, Bean, Frank D.. The growth in noncitizen SSI caseloads 1979-1996: Aging versus new immigrant effects. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.54B, (1), S16-S23.1999.
  • Mora, Marie T.. Did the English Deficiency Earnings Penalty change for Hispanic Men between 1979 and 1989?. Social Science Quarterly.79, (3), 581-594.1998.
  • Mora, Marie T., Davila, Alberto. Gender, earnings, and the English skill acquisition of Hispanic workers in the United States. Economic Inquiry.36, (4), 631-644.1998.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.1998.tb01741.x (DOI)
  • Bean, Frank D., Van Hook, Jennifer V. W., Glick, Jennifer E.. Country of Origin, Type of Public Assistance, and Patterns of Welfare Recipiency among U.S. Immigrants and Natives. Social Science Quarterly.78, (2), 432-451.1997.
  • DiPrete, Thomas A., De Graaf, Paul M., Luijkx, Ruud, Tahlin, Michael, Blossfeld, Hans-Peter. Collectivist versus individualist mobility regimes? Structural change and job mobility in four countries. American Journal of Sociology.103, (2), 318-358.1997.
    • ID: 10.1086/231210 (DOI)
  • Jacobson, Joyce P.. Trends in Workforce Segregation: 1980 and 1990 Census Figures. Social Science Quarterly.78, (1), 234-235.1997.
  • Adams, Charles F., Fleeter, Howard B., Kim, Yul, Freeman, Mark, Cho, Imgon. Flight from Blight and Metropolitan Suburbanization Revisited. Urban Affairs Review.31, (4), 529-543.1996.
    • ID: 10.1177/107808749603100405 (DOI)
  • Beggs, John J.. The institutional environment: Implications for race and gender inequality in the U.S. labor market. American Sociological Review.60, (4), 612 -1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Butcher, Kristin F.. Black immigrants in the United States: A comparison with native blacks and other immigrants. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.47, (2), 265-284.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Katz, Jerome A.. Secondary analysis in entrepreneurship: An introduction to databases and data management. Journal of Small Business Management.30, (2), 74 -1992.
  • Boyd, Robert L.. A Contextual Analysis of Black Self-Employment in Large Metropolitan Areas, 1970-1980. Social Forces.70, (2), 409-429.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Ong, Paul M.. Race and post-displacement earnings among high-tech workers. Industrial Relations.30, (3), 456-468.1991.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1468-232X.1991.tb00798.x (DOI)
  • Zhou, Min, Logan, John R.. In and Out of Chinatown: Residential Mobility and Segregation of New York City's Chinese. Social Forces.70, (2), 387-407.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • South, Scott J., Xu, Weiman. Local industrial dominance and earnings attainment. American Sociological Review.55, (4), 591-599.1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Sakamoto, Arthur. Labor Market Structure, Human Capital, and Earnings Inequality in Metropolitan Areas. Social Forces.67, (1), 86-107.1988.
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  • Uhlenberg, Peter, Salmon, Mary Anne P.. Change in relative income of older women, 1960-1980. Gerontologist.26, (2), 164-170.1986.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/26.2.164 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1984): Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States]: Public Use Microdata Sample (B Sample): 1-Percent Sample. Version 1. Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States] Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.