My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: English

National Jail Census, 1983

Resource Type
Dataset : census enumeration data
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Jail Census Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Free Keywords
census data; correctional facilities; correctional system; corrections management; demographic characteristics; inmate populations; inmates; jail inmates; jails
  • Abstract

    The National Jail Census was conducted by the United States Bureau of the Census for the Bureau of Justice Statistics. The census was taken of all locally administered county and municipal jails with the authority to hold prisoners for more than 48 hours. Data are presented for 3,338 jails in 45 states. Excluded are Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Information includes jail population by legal status, age and sex of prisoners, maximum sentence, admissions and releases, available services, structure and capacity, expenditure, and employment.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1983
  • Collection date: 1983-06
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All locally administered county and municipal jails in the United States with authority to hold prisoners for more than 48 hours.
Collection Mode
  • The data collection instrument is available only in hardcopy form upon request from ICPSR.

2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1997-02-13 SAS data definition statements are now available for this collection, and the SPSS data definition statements were updated. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8203 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08203.v1
  • Schlanger, Margo. How prisoners' rights lawyers are preserving the role of the courts. University of Miami Law Review.2015.
  • Schlanger, Margo. Trends in prisoner litigation, as the PLRA enters adulthood. UC Irvine Law Review.2015.
  • Carmichael, Jason T.. The determinants of jail use across large U.S. cities: An assessment of racial, ethnic, and economic threat explanations. Social Science Research.34, (3), 538-569.2005.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2004.05.001 (DOI)
  • Piehl, Anne M., Schlanger, Margo. Determinants of civil rights filings in federal district court by jail and prison inmates. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies.1, (1), 79-109.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1740-1461.2004.00003.x (DOI)
  • Liska, Allen E., Markowitz, Fred E., Whaley, Rachel Bridges, Bellair, Paul. Modeling the relationship between the criminal justice and mental health systems. American Journal of Sociology.104, (6), 1744-1775.1999.
    • ID: 10.1086/210222 (DOI)
  • Schafer, N.E., Dellinger, A.B.. Jailed parents: An assessment. Women and Criminal Justice.10, (4), 73-91.1999.
    • ID: 10.1300/J012v10n04_04 (DOI)
  • Schlanger, Margo. Beyond the hero judge: institutional reform litigation as litigation. Michigan Law Review.97, (6), 1994-2036.1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Welsh, Wayne N.. Counties in Court: Jail Overcrowding and Court-Ordered Reform. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press. 1995.
  • Duncombe, William D., Straussman, Jeffrey D.. Judicial intervention and local spending: The case of local jails. Policy Studies Journal.22, (4), 604-616.1994.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1541-0072.1994.tb01492.x (DOI)
  • Marvell, Thomas B., Moody, Carlisle E., Jr.. Prison population growth and crime reduction. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.10, (2), 109-140.1994.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02221155 (DOI)
  • Duncombe, William D., Straussman, Jeffrey D.. The impact of courts on the decision to expand jail capacity. Administration and Society.25, (3), 267 -1993.
    • ID: 10.1177/009539979302500301 (DOI)
  • Wooldredge, John D.. Research note: Identifying possible sources of inmate crowding in U. S. jails. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.7, (4), 373-387.1991.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01066589 (DOI)
  • Steketee, Martha Wade, Willis, Deborah Alice, Schwartz, Ira M.. Juvenile Justice Trends, 1977-1987. NCJ 123216, Ann Arbor, MI: Center for the Study of Youth Policy, University of Michigan. 1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Mays, G. Larry, Thompson, Joel A.. Mayberry revisited: The characteristics and operations of America's small jails. Justice Quarterly.5, (3), 421-440.1988.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418828800089801 (DOI)
  • Thompson, Joel A., Mays, G. Larry. State-local relations and the American jail crisis: An assessment of state jail mandates. Policy Studies Review.7, (3), 567-580.1988.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1541-1338.1988.tb00854.x (DOI)
  • Thompson, Joel A., Mays, G. Larry. The impact of state standards and enforcement procedures on local jail performance. Policy Studies Review.8, (1), 55-71.1988.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1541-1338.1988.tb00915.x (DOI)
  • Winfree, L. Thomas, Jr.. Toward understanding state-level jail mortality: Correlates of death by suicide and by natural causes, 1977 and 1982. Justice Quarterly.4, (1), 51-71.1987.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418828700089191 (DOI)
  • Winfree, L. Thomas. American Jail Death Rates: A Comparison of the 1978 and 1983 National Jail Census Data. . 1985.
  • Winfree, L.T.. Dying in Jail - The Search for Contemporary Images of an 'American Tragedy'. NCJ 101585, . .

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (1985): National Jail Census, 1983. Archival Version. National Jail Census Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.