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Party Elites in the United States, 1974: Democratic Mid-Term Conference Delegates and Sanford Commission Members

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Jackson, John S. III
  • Hitlin, Robert A.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
conservatism; demographic characteristics; governing council; group political orientation; ideology; liberalism; minority affairs; party leadership; political activities; political attitudes and behavior; political elites; political parties; political system characteristics; racial attitudes; representation; women in politics; United States; loyalty
  • Abstract

    This data collection was designed to provide information on the personal and political backgrounds, political attitudes, and relevant behavior of party leaders. The data center on the Sanford Commission, a group of Democratic party leaders who were appointed by the National Committee Chairs to draft the party's basic charter, or constitution, and on the delegates to the 1974 Democratic Mid-Term Conference who ratified the charter. This dataset, then, permits a comparison of the two levels of party organization leaders. Questions focus on the "representativeness" of the party elites at both levels as well as on their views of the important "reform" provisions included in the charter and their basic concepts of what a national party is and should be. The representation of minorities and females in the process received particular attention. Specific variables include characterization of respondent's political beliefs on the liberal-conservative scale, length of time the respondent had been active in the Democratic party, and the respondent's opinions on minorities in the party, party unity, national- and local-level party strength, party loyalty, and on issues involved in developing the charter. Demographic characteristics are also supplied.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Sampled Universe
The universe for Mid-term Democratic Conference delegates was all delegates certified as eligible to attend the Conference. There were 2,043 such delegates. For the Sanford Commission, the universe was all 161 official members of the Commission.
A systematic random sampling scheme was used to sample the Mid-Term Democratic Conference delegates. The official delegate lists provided by the Democratic National Committee were entered at random starting points and every third name was chosen. For the Sanford Commission, mailed questionnaires were sent to all members of the Commission in two waves of mailing. Those who returned questionnaires constituted the sample.
Collection Mode
  • Certain variables have been recoded by ICPSR to protect the anonymity of respondents.

This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8206 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Hitlin, Robert A., Jackson, John S., III. Change and reform in the Democratic party. Polity.11, (4), 617-633.1979.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hitlin, Robert A., Jackson, John S., III. On amateur and professional politicians. Journal of Politics.39, (3), 786-793.1977.
  • Jackson, John S., III, Hitlin, Robert A.. The Sanford Commission and the delegates to the Democratic Mid-term Conference. American Politics Quarterly.4, (4), 441-482.1976.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X7600400404 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Jackson, John S. III; Hitlin, Robert A. (1988): Party Elites in the United States, 1974: Democratic Mid-Term Conference Delegates and Sanford Commission Members. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.