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Annual Housing Survey, 1981 [United States]: National File

Resource Type
Dataset : census/enumeration data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American Housing Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
commuting (travel); energy assistance; energy conservation; energy consumption; home ownership; housing; housing conditions; housing costs; housing occupancy; housing units; income; Metropolitan Statistical Areas; municipal services; neighborhood conditions; property insurance; property taxes; property values; rental housing; relocation; utility rates
  • Abstract

    This data collection provides information on the characteristics of a national sample of housing units. Data include the year the structure was built, type and number of living quarters, presence of a garage, occupancy status, access, number of rooms and bedrooms, presence of commercial establishments on the property, and property value. Additional data focus on kitchen and plumbing facilities, types of heating fuel used, source of water, sewage disposal, heating and air conditioning equipment, and major additions, alterations, or repairs to the property. Information provided on housing expenses includes monthly mortgage or rent payments, cost of services such as utilities, garbage collection, and property insurance, and amount of real estate taxes paid in the previous year. Similar data are provided for housing units previously occupied by respondents who had recently moved. Supplemental sections provide data on energy-related characteristics, such as the presence of storm doors, storm windows, and other types of insulation, and use of supplemental heating equipment. Additionally, indicators of housing and neighborhood quality are supplied. Housing quality variables include privacy of bedrooms, condition of kitchen facilities, basement or roof leakage, cracks or holes in walls, ceilings, and floors, breakdowns of plumbing facilities and equipment, use of exterminator service, and respondent's overall opinion of structure. For quality of neighborhood, variables include existence of boarded-up buildings, noise, lack of street lighting, heavy traffic, objectionable odors, crime, and respondent's overall opinion of neighborhood. In addition to housing characteristics, demographic data are provided on the household members, such as sex, age, race, marital status, relationship to the household head, and income. Additional data are supplied on the head of the household including years of school completed, Hispanic origin, and length of residence. For all employed respondents, travel-to-work information such as principal mode of transportation, carpool occupancy, type of public transportation used, and time and distance from home to work was also collected.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1981
  • Collection date: 1981
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Housing units in the United States.
Cross-national representative sample.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8232 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08232.v1
  • Zhou, Yu, Haurin, Donald R.. On the determinants of house value volatility. Journal of Real Estate Research.32, (4), 377-395.2010.
  • Cohn, Samuel, Fossett, Mark. The Other Reason Job Suburbanization Hurts Blacks: The Relationship Between the Location and Racial Composition of Employment in Detroit and Atlanta, 1980. Urban Affairs Review.34, (1), 94-125.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/107808749803400105 (DOI)
  • Cohn, Samuel, Fossett, Mark. What spatial mismatch? The proximity of blacks to employment in Boston and Houston. Social Forces.75, (2), 557-573.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Greenberg, Michael, Schneider, Dona, Choi, Daiwoo. Neighborhood quality. Geographical Review.84, (1), 1 -1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Quercia, Roberto G., Rohe, William M.. Housing Adjustments among Older Home Owners. Urban Affairs Quarterly.28, (1), 104-125.1992.
    • ID: 10.1177/004208169202800105 (DOI)
  • Ekland-Olson, Sheldon. Structured Discretion, Racial Bias, and the Death Penalty: The First Decade After Furman in Texas. Social Science Quarterly.69, (4), 853-873.1988.
  • Lane, Terry Saunders, Feins, Judith D.. Are the elderly overhoused? Definitions of space utilization and policy implication. Gerontologist.25, (3), 243-250.1985.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/25.3.243 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1984): Annual Housing Survey, 1981 [United States]: National File. Archival Version. American Housing Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.