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National Election Studies Method Comparison Project, 1982

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Shanks, Merrill
  • Sanchez, Maria
  • Morton, Betsy
  • Morchio, Giovanna
  • Hayes, Alice
  • Swede, Southward
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American National Election Study (ANES) Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
candidates; congressional elections; domestic policy; economic conditions; foreign policy; information sources; national elections; political affiliation; political attitudes; political campaigns; political efficacy; political participation; presidential elections; public approval; public opinion; racial attitudes; Reagan Administration (1981-1989); trust in government; voter expectations; voter history; voting behavior
  • Abstract

    This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. In early 1982, the National Election Studies obtained additional support from the National Science Foundation for a systematic study comparing survey data collected through traditional methods (household sampling and personal interviewing) with data collected by random-digit dial (RDD) telephone sampling using computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI). This study took place in conjunction with the previously funded 1982 National Election Study of congressional elections. The broad purposes of the data collection were to permit the NES staff and user community to assess overall differences between the two data collection techniques in sample and measurement quality, and to carry out a series of additional methodological experiments concerned with question format, computer-assisted procedures, and survey organization. Telephone respondents were administered a somewhat abbreviated version of the in-person interview schedules, adapted for use over the telephone where appropriate. All interviews were conducted in the three months following the 1982 elections. In this collection, data from the Methods Comparison Project have been merged with AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1982: POST-ELECTION SURVEY FILE (ICPSR 9042), in order to facilitate the work of those who wish to make comparisons of telephone and personal interview methods. The inclusion of personal interview data in the present dataset is not intended for substantive analytic use. An extensive introduction to the documentation provides essential information and cautionary notes for potential analysts.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1982
  • Collection date: 1982
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview, telephone interview

    The SAS transport file was created using the SAS CPORT procedure.

2001-10-09 The data are now available in SAS transport (CPORT) and SPSS export formats in addition to the ASCII data file. Variables in the dataset have been renumbered to the following format: 2-digit (or 2-character) prefix + 4 digits + [optional] 1-character suffix. Version and dataset variables were also added to the data file. The codebook has been revised accordingly and is now available as a PDF file. Also, SAS and SPSS data definition statements are now available for this collection.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8233 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08233.v1
  • The National Election Study Ad Hoc Committee on Survey Mode. The State of Scientific Knowledge on the Advantages and Disadvantages of Telephone vs. Face-to-face Interviewing. . 1999.
  • Brehm, John. Sample Mode Bias in the National Election Studies: A Report on the 1982 Method Comparison Project. International Conference on Telephone Survey Methodology.Charlotte, NC. 1987.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Shanks, Merrill; Sanchez, Maria; Morton, Betsy; Morchio, Giovanna; Hayes, Alice et. al. (1984): National Election Studies Method Comparison Project, 1982. Version 2. American National Election Study (ANES) Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.