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Family Time Use: An Eleven-state Urban/Rural Comparison, 1978

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Sinclair, Robert O. (University of Vermont)
  • Lewis, B.A. (Cornell University)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Agriculture. Cooperative Research/Science Education Administration
Free Keywords
dual career families; families; family life; family work relationship; households; leisure; recreation; rural areas; rural population; time utilization; urban population; work
  • Abstract

    This collaborative research project, established in 1977, consisted of a team of scientists from 11 states representing each region of the United States. The project served three overall purposes: (1) to establish a data bank for urban and rural families on time use for household, paid and volunteer work, and nonwork activities, (2) to compare time use among urban and rural populations in various geographic areas in the United States, and (3) to determine changes in family time use over the past decade. Those interested in measurement and valuation of nonmarket work use time as a factor in their models. Allocations of time between obligations and leisure are reflected in the time use of family members, as are the effects of role-sharing in dual-career families. At the micro level, a better picture of the quality of life can be seen if time use of all family members is analyzed. This approach allows the study of distribution of workloads, interaction of household members, and trade-offs that can be made in a family household unit. A total of 2,100 families participated in this survey through the use of questionnaires and time use charts. Of these, half were classified as urban families and half were classified as rural families. Variables in this dataset include the activities of family members (i.e., food preparation, dishwashing, shopping, maintenance of home, paid work, social and recreational activities) and the amount of time they spent on each activity. The data also record the condition and type of appliances and household equipment, the activities of the family seven days before the study, and information about the employment of the adults and children in the household.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1978
  • 1977 / 1978
    Collection date: 1977--1978
Geographic Coverage
  • California
  • Connecticut
  • Louisiana
  • New York (state)
  • North Carolina
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Texas
  • United States
  • Utah
  • Virginia
  • Wisconsin
Sampled Universe
Households with two parents and two children under the age of 18 who were full-time residents of the household, in a predefined urban or rural area in California, Connecticut, Louisiana, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Virginia, and Wisconsin.
According to the age of the younger child, families were randomly selected from a pool that was developed using school census records, birth records and announcements, city and telephone directories, knowledgeable persons and organizations, and general area mailings.
Collection Mode
  • Louisiana contains only an urban sample and North Carolina contains only a rural sample.

Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Agriculture. Cooperative Research/Science Education Administration (NE-113).
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8240 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Bryant, W. Keith, Zick, Cathleen D.. An examination of parent-child shared time. Journal of Marriage and Family.58, (1), 227 -1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Solberg, Eric J., Wong, David C.. Family time use: leisure, home production, market work, and work related travel. Journal of Human Resources.27, (3), 485 -1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Meiners, Jane E., Olson, Geraldine I.. Household, paid, and unpaid work time of farm women. Family Relations.36, (4), 407-411.1987.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Sanik, Margaret Mietus, Mauldin, Teresa. Single versus two parent families: A comparison of mothers' time. Family Relations.35, (1), 53-56.1986.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Sinclair, Robert O.; Lewis, B.A. (1985): Family Time Use: An Eleven-state Urban/Rural Comparison, 1978. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.