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International Almanac of Electoral History, 1981

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Mackie, Thomas T.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
congressional elections; election returns; electoral behavior; international politics; national elections; nations; parliamentary elections; political history; political parties; presidential elections; vote count; voter turnout
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains information for elections in specified countries from the beginning of competitive national elections until December of 1981. Included are the United States presidential election returns and votes for members of the lower houses of parliament in the remaining countries in the survey. Votes are recorded for every party that had at least once secured 1 percent or more of the valid vote in a national election. Some parties with fewer votes are included when this aids crossnational comparison, or when the separatist or regional character of the party may lead it to regard its own "nation" as smaller than the total electorate. The data are contained in three files. Part 4, Summary Information for Each Election [Year], contains summary information for each election, such as the size of the electorate, turnout, valid and invalid votes, total votes, and the number of seats in the legislature. Part 5, Number of Votes Cast for Each Party for Each Election [Votes], contains the number of votes cast for each party at each election. Part 6, Number of Seats Won by Each Party at Each Election [Seats], contains the number of seats won by each party at each election and the total number of seats in the legislature. Parts 1-3 are documentation files.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Codebook Introduction
    • DS2: Codebook for All Parts
    • DS3: English Language Names for Each Party [Party Name]
    • DS4: Summary Information for Each Election [Year]
    • DS5: Number of Votes Cast for Each Party for Each Election [Votes]
    • DS6: Number of Seats Won by Each Party at Each Election [Seats]
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1981
  • Collection date: 1981
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria
  • Australia
  • Belgium
  • Canada
  • Denmark
  • Europe
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Portugal
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom
  • Global
Sampled Universe
The universe for the sample included Austria, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
2006-01-18 File CB8247.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8247 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08247.v1
  • Eijk, Cees van der, Franklin, Mark N., Marsh, Michael. What Voters Teach Us About Europe-wide Elections: What Europe-wide Elections Teach Us About Voters. Electoral Studies.15, (2), 149-166.1996.
    • ID: 10.1016/0261-3794(96)00009-1 (DOI)
  • Tufte, Edward R.. Political Control of the Economy. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1996.
  • Hirczy, Wolfgang. The Impact of Mandatory Voting Laws on Turnout: A Quasi-Experimental Approach. Electoral Studies.13, (1), 64-76.1994.
    • ID: 10.1016/0261-3794(94)90009-4 (DOI)
  • Mackie, Thomas T., Rose, Richard. The International Almanac of Electoral History, 3rd Edition. Washington, DC: CQ Press. 1991.
  • Rose, Richard. The Ups and Downs of Elections, or Look Before You Swing. PS, Political Science and Politics.24, (1), 31-33.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Blais, Andre, Carty, R.K.. The Effectiveness of the Plurality Vote. British Journal of Political Science.18, (4), 550-553.1988.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0007123400005263 (DOI)
  • Lijphart, Arend. The Field of Electoral Systems Research: A Critical Survey. Electoral Studies.4, (1), 3-14.1985.
    • ID: 10.1016/0261-3794(85)90028-9 (DOI)
  • Strom, Kaare. Party goals and government performance in parliamentary democracies. American Political Science Review.79, (3), 738 -1985.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Rose, Richard, Mackie, Thomas T.. Incumbency in government: Liability or asset?. Western European Party Systems.Beverly Hills: Sage. 1983.
  • Mackie, Thomas T., Rose, Richard. The International Almanac of Electoral History, 2nd Edition. New York: Fact on File. 1982.
  • Schrodt, Philip A.. A statistical study of the cube law in five electoral systems. Political Methodology.7, (2), 31-54.1981.
  • Mackie, Thomas T., Rose, Richard. The International Almanac of Electoral History. London: Macmillan. 1974.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Mackie, Thomas T. (1984): International Almanac of Electoral History, 1981. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.