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Census of Population, 1950 [United States]: Public Use Microdata Sample

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : census/enumeration data
Creator
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1984-11-12
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
census data; census divisions; census regions; children; demographic characteristics; ethnicity; families; household composition; housing; income; marriage; metropolitan statistical areas; military service; occupations; population; states (USA); vital statistics; work
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains a stratified 1-percent sample of households, with separate records for each household, each "sample line" respondent, and each person in the household. These records were encoded from microfilm copies of original handwritten enumeration schedules from the 1950 Census of Population. Geographic identification of the location of the sampled households includes Census regions and divisions, states (except Alaska and Hawaii), Standard Metropolitan Areas (SMAs), and State Economic Areas (SEAs). The data collection was constructed from and consists of 20 independently-drawn subsamples stored in 20 discrete physical files. The 1950 Census had both a complete-count and a sample component. Individuals selected for the sample component were asked a set of additional questions. Only households with a sample line person were included in the 1950 Public Use Microdata Sample. The collection also contains records of group quarters members who were also on the Census sample line. Each household record contains variables describing the location and composition of the household. The sample line records contain variables describing demographic characteristics such as nativity, marital status, number of children, veteran status, education, income, and occupation. The person records contain demographic variables such as nativity, marital status, family membership, and occupation.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Subsample 1
    • DS2: Subsample 2
    • DS3: Subsample 3
    • DS4: Subsample 4
    • DS5: Subsample 5
    • DS6: Subsample 6
    • DS7: Subsample 7
    • DS8: Subsample 8
    • DS9: Subsample 9
    • DS10: Subsample 10
    • DS11: Subsample 11
    • DS12: Subsample 12
    • DS13: Subsample 13
    • DS14: Subsample 14
    • DS15: Subsample 15
    • DS16: Subsample 16
    • DS17: Subsample 17
    • DS18: Subsample 18
    • DS19: Subsample 19
    • DS20: Subsample 20
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1950
  • 1978 / 1983
    Collection date: 1978--1983
Geographic Coverage
  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York (state)
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • United States
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming
Sampled Universe
All people and households within the United States recorded on the 1950 Census.
Sampling
Random selection of households with person(s) who answered the additional sample line questions. The collections also contain records of people living in group quarters who were also on the census sample line.
Collection Mode
  • Each of the hierarchical files contains three record types (household, sample line, and person). There are a total of 2,844,458 data records: 461,130 household records, 461,130 sample line records, and 1,922,198 person records. Within each of the 20 data files, records are sequenced by state. Extracting all of the records for one state entails reading through all 20 files and selecting that state's records from each of the files.

Note
2006-01-18 File CB8251.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SES-7704135).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8251 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Fetter, Daniel K.. Housing finance and the mid-century transformation in US home ownership: The VA home loan program. . 2010.
    • ID: http://economics.rutgers.edu/dmdocuments/DanielFetter.pdf (URL)
  • Chandra, Amitabh. Labor-market dropouts and hte racial wage gap: 1940-1990. American Economic Review.90, (2), 333-338.2000.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.90.2.333 (DOI)
  • Durand, Jorge, Massey, Douglas S., Charvet, Fernando. The Changing Geography of Mexican Immigration to the United States: 1910-1996. Social Science Quarterly.81, (1), 1-15.2000.
  • Fairlie, Robert W., Meyer, Bruce D.. Trends in self-employment among white and black men during the twentieth century. Journal of Human Resources.35, (4), 643-669.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/146366 (URL)
  • Fairlie, Robert W., Sundstrom, William A.. The emergence, persistence, and recent widening of the racial unemployment gap. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.52, (2), 252-270.1999.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2525165 (URL)
  • Mulligan, Casey B.. Pecuniary incentives to work in the United States during World War II. Journal of Political Economy.106, (5), 1033 -1998.
    • ID: 10.1086/250039 (DOI)
  • Ito, Rodney M., II, Gratton, Brian, Wycoff, Joseph. Using the 1940 and 1950 public use microdata samples: a cautionary tale. Historical Methods.30, (3), 137 -1997.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615449709601181 (DOI)
  • Borjas, George J., Ramey, Valerie A.. Foreign Competition, Market Power, and Wage Inequality. Quarterly Journal of Economics.110, (4), 1075-1110.1995.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2946649 (URL)
  • Ilg, Randy E.. The changing face of farm employment. Monthly Labor Review.118, (4), 3-12.1995.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1995/04/art1full.pdf (URL)
  • King, Mary C.. Human capital and black women's occupational mobility. Industrial Relations.34, (2), 282-298.1995.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1468-232X.1995.tb00373.x (DOI)
  • Liska, Allen E., Bellair, Paul E.. Violent-Crime Rates and Racial Composition: Convergence over Time. American Journal of Sociology.101, (3), 578-610.1995.
    • ID: 10.1086/230754 (DOI)
  • Magnuson, Diana L.. Who and What Determined the Content of the U.S. Population Schedule Over Time. Historical Methods.28, (1), 11-26.1995.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1995.9955309 (DOI)
  • Magnuson, Diana L., King, Miriam L.. Comparability of the Public Use Microdata Samples: Enumeration Procedures. Historical Methods.28, (1), 27-32.1995.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1995.9955310 (DOI)
  • Ruggles, Steven. Family Interrelationships. Historical Methods.28, (1), 52-58.1995.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1995.9955314 (DOI)
  • Ruggles, Steven. Sample Designs and Sampling Errors. Historical Methods.28, (1), 40-46.1995.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1995.9955312 (DOI)
  • Ruggles, Steven, Hacker, J. David, Sobek, Matthew. General Design of the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Historical Methods.28, (1), 33-39.1995.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1995.9955311 (DOI)
  • Ruggles, Steven, Menard, Russell R.. The Minnesota Historical Census Project. Historical Methods.28, (1), 6-10.1995.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1995.9955308 (DOI)
  • Sobek, Matthew. The Comparability of Occupations and the Generation of Income Scores. Historical Methods.28, (1), 47-51.1995.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1995.9955313 (DOI)
  • Juhn, Chinhui. Wage Inequality and Industrial Change: Evidence from Five Decades. NBER Working Paper Series.4684, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1994.
  • Card, David, Krueger, Alan B.. Trends in relative black-white earnings revisited. American Economic Review.83, (2), 85-91.1993.
  • Murphy, Kevin M., Welch, Finis. Occupational Change and the Demand for Skill, 1940-1990. American Economic Review.83, (2), 122-126.1993.
  • Sobek, Matthew. Class Analysis and the U.S. Census Public Use Samples. Historical Methods.24, (4), 171-181.1991.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1991.9955302 (DOI)
  • Hayghe, Howard V.. Family members in the work force. Monthly Labor Review.113, (3), 14-19.1990.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1990/03/art2full.pdf (URL)
  • Kraly, Ellen P., Hirschman, Charles. Racial and Ethnic Inequality Among Children in the United States: 1940 and 1950. Social Forces.69, (1), 33-51.1990.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2579606 (URL)
  • Zalokar, Nadja. The Economic Status of Black Women: An Exploratory Investigation. Washington, DC: United States Commission on Civil Rights. 1990.
  • Blake, Judith. Number of Siblings and Educational Attainment. Science.245, (4913), 23-36.1989.
    • ID: 10.1126/science.2740913 (DOI)
  • Eggebeen, David J., Uhlenberg, Peter. Changes in the Age Distribution of Parents, 1940-1980. Journal of Family Issues.10, (2), 169-188.1989.
    • ID: 10.1177/019251389010002002 (DOI)
  • Heckman, James J., Payner, Brook S.. Determining the Impact of Federal Antidiscrimination Policy on the Economic Status of Blacks: A Study of South Carolina. American Economic Review.79, (1), 138-177.1989.
  • Smith, James P., Ward, Michael. Women in the labor market and in the family. Journal of Economic Perspectives.3, (1), 9-23.1989.
    • ID: 10.1257/jep.3.1.9 (DOI)
  • Steinmetz, George, Wright, Erik Olin. The Fall and Rise of the Petty Bourgeoisie: Changing Patterns of Self-Employment in the Postwar United States. American Journal of Sociology.94, (5), 973-1018.1989.
    • ID: 10.1086/229110 (DOI)
  • Burkhauser, Richard V., Finegan, T. Aldrich. The Minimum Wage and the Poor: The End of a Relationship. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.8, (1), 53-71.1988.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3324424 (URL)
  • Holden, Karen C.. Poverty and living arrangements among older women: Are changes in economic well-being underestimated?. Journal of Gerontology.43, (1), S22-S27.1988.
  • Moen, Jon R.. From Gainful Employment to Labor Force: Definitions and a New Estimate of Work Rates of American Males, 1860 to 1980. Historical Methods.21, (4), 149-159.1988.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1988.9955290 (DOI)
  • Danziger, Sheldon, Gottschalk, Peter. Families with children have fared the worst. Challenge.29, (1), 40-47.1986.
  • Penn, Roger. Where have all the craftsmen gone?: Trends in skilled labor in the United States of America since 1940. British Journal of Sociology.37, (4), 569-580.1986.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/590717 (URL)
  • Espenshade, Thomas J.. Marriage Trends in America: Estimates, Implications, and Underlying Causes. Population and Development Review.11, (2), 193-245.1985.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1973487 (URL)
  • Beckett, Joyce O.. Working Women: A Historical Review of Racial Differences. Black Sociologist.9, (1), 5-27.1982.
  • Akin, John S., Garfinkel, Irwin. The Quality of Education and Cohort Variation in Black-White Earnings Differentials: Comment. American Economic Review.70, (1), 186-191.1980.
  • Cogan, John. The decline in Black teenage employment: 1950-70. American Economic Review.72, (4), 621-638.1980.
  • Glick, Paul C.. Remarriage: Some Recent Changes and Variations. Journal of Family Issues.1, (4), 455-478.1980.
  • Thornton, Arland. Religion and Fertility: The Case of Mormonism. Journal of Marriage and Family.41, (1), 131-142.1979.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/351738 (URL)
  • Lindert, Peter. Fertility and Scarcity in America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 1978.
  • Kobrin, Frances E.. The Primary Individual and the Family: Changes in Living Arrangements in the United States since 1940. Journal of Marriage and Family.38, (2), 233-239.1976.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/350383 (URL)
  • Edwards, Ozzie. Family composition as a variable in residential succession. American Journal of Sociology.77, (4), 731-741.1972.
    • ID: 10.1086/225198 (DOI)
  • Burchinal, Lee G.. Trends and Prospects for Young Marriages in the United States. Journal of Marriage and Family.27, (2), 243-254.1965.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/350079 (URL)
  • Shryrock, Henry S., Jr., Nam, Charles B.. Educational Selectivity of Interregional Migration. Social Forces.43, (3), 299-310.1965.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2574759 (URL)
  • Sanborn, Henry. Pay Differences Between Men and Women. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.17, (4), 534-550.1964.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2520614 (URL)
  • Uyeki, Eugene S.. Residential distribution and stratification, 1950-1960. American Journal of Sociology.69, (5), 491-498.1964.
    • ID: 10.1086/223652 (DOI)
  • Caroll, Robert L.. The Metropolitan Influence of the 168 Standard Metropolitan Area Central Cities. Social Forces.42, (2), 166-173.1963.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2575688 (URL)
  • University of Michigan, Detroit Area Study. A Social Profile of Detroit, 1955. Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan. 1956.
    • ID: http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/51434/1/00000002.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1984): Census of Population, 1950 [United States]: Public Use Microdata Sample. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08251.v1