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Influence of Sanctions and Opportunities on Rates of Bank Robbery, 1970-1975: [United States]

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
Creator
  • Camp, George M.
  • Gould, LeRoy
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1987-10-12
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
arrests; banks; burglary; crime; criminal justice system; demographic characteristics; income; migration; robbery; sentencing; social class structure; unemployment; urban affairs; United States
Description
  • Abstract

    This study was designed to explain variations in crime rates and to examine the deterrent effects of sanctions on crime. The study concentrated on bank robberies, but it also examined burglaries and other kinds of robberies. In examining these effects the study condidered three sets of factors: (1) Economic considerations-- the cost/benefit factors that individuals consider in deciding whether or not to perform a crime, (2) Degree of anomie--the amount of alienation and isolation individuals feel toward society and the effect of these feelings on the individuals' performing a crime, and (3) Opportunity--the effect of exposure, attractiveness, and degree of guardianship on an object being taken. These factors were explored by gathering information on such topics as: crime clearance rates, arrests, and sentences, bank attributes, and socioeconomic and demographic information.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1970 / 1975
    Time period: 1970--1975
Sampled Universe
Bank robberies in the fifty states, 1970-1975.
Sampling
The data collection is a pooled cross-sectional time-series of bank robberies in 50 states over a period of 6 years (1970-1975), resulting in 300 observations.
Note
Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (79-NI-AX-0117).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8260 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Gould, Leroy C., Camp, George M., Peck, Jon K.. Economic and Sociological Theories of Deterrence, Motivation, and Criminal Opportunity: A Regression Analysis of Bank, Robbery, and Other Property Crimes. Unpublished Report.South Salem, NY: Criminal Justice Institute, Inc. 1983.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Camp, George M.; Gould, LeRoy (1987): Influence of Sanctions and Opportunities on Rates of Bank Robbery, 1970-1975: [United States]. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08260.v1