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Drinking and Driving: A Survey of Licensed Drivers in the United States, 1983

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Snortum, John
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Free Keywords
alcohol; alcohol consumption; demographic characteristics; drinking behavior; driving habits; driving under the influence; United States
  • Abstract

    This study focuses on the drinking and driving habits of Americans. The questionnaire contained 51 questions. Respondents were interviewed over the telephone and asked about their frequency of consumption of alcoholic beverages, where they most often drank, their mode of transportation to and from this location, their driving and drinking experiences, and their age, sex, educational attainment, and socioeconomic status.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1983
  • 1983-04-04 / 1983-04-06
    Collection date: 1983-04-04--1983-04-06
Sampled Universe
The universe for this study is adults 16 years of age and older who possessed a valid driver's license.
The first 1,000 cases were drawn using a national probability sample of the 48 contiguous states. The final 400 cases were selected from an oversample of 20 states. Conditions were imposed to yield approximately 50 percent males and 50 percent females. Respondents were interviewed over the telephone using random-digit dialing.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.2002-03-08 The data file was reformatted to logical record length format, and a corresponding codebook and SAS and SPSS data definition statements were created. Existing hardcopy documentation was converted to PDF. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (82-IJ-CX-0059).
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8356 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08356.v1
  • Berger, Dale E., Marelich, William D.. Legal and social control of alcohol-impaired driving in California: 1983-1994. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.58, (5), 518-523.1997.
  • Snortum, J.R., Berger, D.E., Hauge, R.. Legal Knowledge and Compliance: Drinking and Driving in Norway and the United States. Alcohol, Drugs and Driving.4, 251-263.1988.
  • Berger, Dale E., Snortum, John R.. A structural model of drinking and driving: Alcohol consumption, social norms, and moral commitments. Criminology.24, (1), 139-153.1986.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1986.tb00380.x (DOI)
  • Snortum, J.R., Berger, D.E.. Detecting the 'Dark Figure' of Compliance. Journal of Criminal Justice.14, 475-489.1986.
    • ID: 10.1016/0047-2352(86)90091-7 (DOI)
  • Snortum, John, Hauge, Ragnar, Berger, Dale. Deterring alcohol-impaired driving: A comparative analysis of compliance in Norway and the United States. Justice Quarterly.3, (2), 139-165.1986.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418828600088861 (DOI)
  • Berger, Dale E., Snortum, John R.. Alcoholic beverage preferences of drinking-driving violators. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.46, (3), 232-239.1985.
  • Snortum, J.R.. Drunken Driving: The Broader Dimensions of Deterrence. Claremont, CA: Claremont McKenna College, Department of Psychology. .

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Snortum, John (1985): Drinking and Driving: A Survey of Licensed Drivers in the United States, 1983. Version 2. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.