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Judicial Decision Guidelines for Bail: The Philadelphia Experiment, 1981-1982

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data
Creator
  • Goldkamp, John S.
  • Gottfredson, Michael R.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1985-05-24
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
  • United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Prisons. National Institute of Corrections
Language
English
Free Keywords
bail; criminal justice system; decision making; judges; judicial decisions; offenses; pretrial procedures
Description
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to test the utility of draft guidelines in informing judicial decisions about bail. A sample of judges, based upon a stratified quota sampling design, was selected from the Philadephia Municipal Court to rule on sample cases. Eight judges were randomly selected to use guidelines and be "experimental judges," and eight others were randomly selected to be nonguideline or "control judges." Data for the sample cases were taken from defendants' files. Variables provided in this collection include number of suspects involved, number of different offenses charged, most serious injury experienced by the victim(s), preliminary arraignment disposition, amount of bail, socioeconomic status and demographics of the defendant, prior criminal history of the defendant, and reason for granting or denying bail.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1981 / 1982
    Time period: 1981--1982
  • 1981 / 1982
    Collection date: 1981--1982
Geographic Coverage
  • Pennsylvania
  • Philadelphia
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Philadelphia Municipal Court judges during 1981-1982.
Sampling
Court records of 16 judges.
Note
Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (81-IJR-0027). United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Prisons. National Institute of Corrections (OJ-ARS-84-M-105).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8358 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08358.v1
Publications
  • Abrams, David S., Rohlfs, Chris. Optimal bail and the value of freedom: Evidence from the Philadelphia Bail Experiment. Economic Inquiry.49, (3), 750-770.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.2010.00288.x (DOI)
  • Goldkamp, John S., White, Michael D.. Restoring accountability to pretrial release: The Philadelphia pretrial release supervision experiments. Journal of Experimental Criminology.2, (2), 143-181.2006.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11292-006-9001-1 (DOI)
  • Abrams, David S., Rohlfs, Chris. Optimal Bail and the Value of Freedom: Evidence from the Philadelphia Bail Experiment. Job Market Paper.. 2005.
    • ID: http://home.uchicago.edu/~car/bail_freedom.pdf (URL)
  • Goldkamp, John S.. The impact of drug courts. Criminology and Public Policy.2, (2), 193-205.2003.
  • Goldkamp, John S.. Prediction in criminal justice policy development. Prediction and Classification: Criminal Justice Decision Making. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1987.
  • Goldkamp, J.S., Gottfredson, M.R.. Final Report of the Judicial Guidelines for Bail: The Philadelphia Experiment Project. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice. 1984.
  • Goldkamp, John S., Gottfredson, Michael R.. Judicial Decision Guidelines for Bail: The Philadelphia Experiment. National Institute of Justice Research Report.NCJ 95109, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1984.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/95109NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Goldkamp, John S.. Judicial reform of bail practices: The Philadelphia experiment. Court Management Journal.16-20.1983.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Goldkamp, John S.; Gottfredson, Michael R. (1985): Judicial Decision Guidelines for Bail: The Philadelphia Experiment, 1981-1982. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08358