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Learning Deficiencies Among Adult Inmates, 1982: Louisiana, Pennsylvania, and Washington

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, clinical data, survey data
  • Bell, Raymond
  • Conard, Elizabeth H., et al.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Free Keywords
academic ability; academic achievement; criminal histories; criminal justice system; educational background; educationally disadvantaged; family histories; health status; inmate programs; job history; justice; learning disabilities; prison inmates; test scores; vocational education
  • Abstract

    The National Institute of Justice sponsored this study of 1,065 prison inmates in Louisiana, Pennsylvania, and Washington. Respondents were administered an academic achievement test, the Tests of Adult Basic Education, and an individual intelligence test, the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R). Other screening tests were also given to certain respondents, including the Mann-Suiter Disabilities Screening Test and the Adaptive Behavior Checklist. Data for each inmate includes offenses committed, prior institutionalization, juvenile adjudication, years of formal education, academic and vocational participation while incarcerated, previous diagnoses, childhood home situation, death of parents, number of siblings, and any childhood problems. Information on demographic characteristics, such as age, sex, race, employment history, and physical condition, is available for each respondent.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1982
  • 1982-01 / 1983-01
    Collection date: 1982-01--1983-01
Geographic Coverage
  • Louisiana
  • Pennsylvania
  • United States
  • Washington
Sampled Universe
Inmates from nine prisons in Louisiana, Pennsylvania, and Washington.
A total of 1,065 inmates volunteered to participate in the study.
Collection Mode
  • This is a hierarchical dataset with eight record types for 1,065 cases. Record 1 contains data from the WAIS-R test in 23 variables. Record 2 contains information collected from the subjects during the WAIS-R test in 10 variables. Record 3 contains results from the Mann-Suiter Learning Disabilities test in 13 variables. Record 4 contains the results from the Adaptive Behavior Checklist in 8 variables. Record 5 contains data gathered from institutional records on the respondents in 16 variables. Record 6 has 23 variables and is a continuation of Record 5. Record 7 contains age-normed scores on the 11 subtests of the WAIS-R in 12 variables, and Record 8 contains subtest scores and total scores from the Tests of Adult Basic Education in 10 variables. Users should note that some cases do not contain data for all eight records. Records are sequenced by record type within the file.

Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (81-IJ-CX-0014).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8359 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08359.v1
  • Bell, Raymond, et al. The findings and recommendations of the National Study on Learning Deficiencies in Adult Inmates. Journal of Correctional Education.35, (4), 129-136.1984.
  • Bell, R., Conrad, E.H., Gazze, B., Greenwood, S.C., Lutz, J.G., Suppa, R.J.. The Nature and Prevalence of Learning Deficiencies Among Adult Inmates. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1983.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Bell, Raymond; Conard, Elizabeth H., et al. (1985): Learning Deficiencies Among Adult Inmates, 1982: Louisiana, Pennsylvania, and Washington. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.