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Old Age in the United States, 1880

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Jensen, Richard
  • Smith, Daniel Scott
  • Friedberger, Mark W.
  • Dahlin, Michel R.
  • Reiff, Janice
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1985-12-20
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging
Language
English
Free Keywords
aging; aging population; census data; demographic characteristics; families; family structure; household composition; nineteenth century; older adults; social environment; social life
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection describes the social conditions of the older population of the United States in the late nineteenth century. Variables include personal characteristics such as age, sex, marital status, race, birthplace, number of children, and occupation of sampled older persons. Detailed information, extracted from the 1880 United States Census manuscript census schedules, is provided on household composition and family structure. In addition, occupational and ethnic characteristics of family heads appearing on the same sampled census page as the older person (on census pages grouped by street location) are reported. The data collection consists of three independent samples: (1) a national sample, (2) a Southern urban sample, and (3) a Southern Black sample. Older Blacks are over-represented in the Southern urban and Southern Black samples in order to focus on their family experiences in the urban and rural South.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: National Sample
    • DS2: Southern Urban
    • DS3: Southern Blacks
    • DS4: SAS Proc Format for OSIRIS/LRECL National Sample Data
    • DS5: SAS Input for OSIRIS/LRECL National Sample Data
    • DS6: SAS Labels for OSIRIS/LRECL National Sample Data
    • DS7: SAS Missing Value Recode for OSIRIS/LRECL National Sample Data
    • DS8: SAS Format for OSIRIS/LRECL National Sample Data
    • DS9: SPSS Data List for OSIRIS/LRECL National Sample Data
    • DS10: SPSS Variable Labels for OSIRIS/LRECL National Sample Data
    • DS11: SPSS Missing Value Recode for OSIRIS/LRECL National Sample Data
    • DS12: SPSS Value Labels for OSIRIS/LRECL National Sample Data
    • DS13: SAS Proc Format for Card Image National Sample Data
    • DS14: SAS Input for Card Image National Sample Data
    • DS15: SAS Labels for Card Image National Sample Data
    • DS16: SAS Missing Value Recode for Card Image National Sample Data
    • DS17: SAS Format for Card Image National Sample Data
    • DS18: SPSS Data List for Card Image National Sample Data
    • DS19: SPSS Variable Labels for Card Image National Sample Data
    • DS20: SPSS Missing Value Recode for Card Image National Sample Data
    • DS21: SPSS Value Labels for Card Image National Sample Data
    • DS22: SAS Proc Format for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Urban Data
    • DS23: SAS Input for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Urban Data
    • DS24: SAS Labels for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Urban Data
    • DS25: SAS Missing Value Recode for OSIRIS/LRECL for Southern Urban Data
    • DS26: SAS Format for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Urban Data
    • DS27: SPSS Data List for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Urban Data
    • DS28: SPSS Variable Labels for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Urban Data
    • DS29: SPSS Missing Value Recode for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Urban Data
    • DS30: SPSS Value Labels for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Urban Data
    • DS31: SAS Proc Format for Card Image Southern Urban Data
    • DS32: SAS Input for Card Image Southern Urban Data
    • DS33: SAS Labels for Card Image Southern Urban Data
    • DS34: SAS Missing Value Recode for Card Image Southern Urban Data
    • DS35: SAS Format for Card Image Southern Urban Data
    • DS36: SPSS Data List for Card Image Southern Urban Data
    • DS37: SPSS Variable Labels for Card Image Southern Urban Data
    • DS38: SPSS Missing Value Recode for Card Image Southern Urban Data
    • DS39: SPSS Value Labels for Card Image Southern Urban Data
    • DS40: SAS Proc Format for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Black Data
    • DS41: SAS Input for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Black Data
    • DS42: SAS Labels for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Black Data
    • DS43: SAS Missing Value Recode for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Black Data
    • DS44: SAS Format for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Black Data
    • DS45: SPSS Data List for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Black Data
    • DS46: SPSS Value Labels for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Black Data
    • DS47: SPSS Missing Value Recode for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Black Data
    • DS48: SPSS Variable Labels for OSIRIS/LRECL Southern Black Data
    • DS49: SAS Proc Format for Card Image Southern Black Data
    • DS50: SAS Input for Card Image Southern Black Data
    • DS51: SAS Labels for Card Image Southern Black Data
    • DS52: SAS Missing Value Recode for Card Image Southern Black Data
    • DS53: SAS Format for Card Image Southern Black Data
    • DS54: SPSS Data List for Card Image Southern Black Data
    • DS55: SPSS Value Labels for Card Image Southern Black Data
    • DS56: SPSS Missing Value Recode for Card Image Southern Black Data
    • DS57: SPSS Variable Labels for Card Image Southern Black Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1880
  • 1976 / 1978
    Collection date: 1976--1978
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Noninstitutionalized population of the United States aged 65 and older in 1880 for the sample, noninstitutionalized population aged 65 and older living in the urban South in 1880 for the Southern urban sample, and noninstitutionalized population aged 65 and older living in the South in 1880 for the Southern Black sample.
Sampling
Three independent samples were drawn from the 1880 United States Census. Sample members were selected from clusters defined by manuscript census pages. The first sample was a stratified sample of the population aged 65 and older in 1880. Southern Blacks were oversampled in the other two samples. The Southern urban sample was drawn from 17 urban Primary Sampling Units (cities with populations over 4,000) and included 473 Blacks and 315 Whites. The Southern Black sample was drawn from 32 counties in the South and consisted of 804 Blacks and 405 Whites.
Collection Mode
  • The age distributions are as follows: National sample: 65-74 (N = 1,049), 75-84 (N = 373), 85+ (N = 78). Southern urban sample: 65-74 (N = 564), 75-84 (N = 177), 85 and older (N = 47). Southern Black sample: 65-74 (N = 866), 75-84 (N = 265), 85+ (N = 78).

Note
Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (AG00350-02).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8427 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08427.v1
Publications
  • Ransom, Roger L., Sutch, Richard. The Trend in the Rate of Labor Force Participation of Older Men, 1870-1930: A Reply to Moen. Journal of Economic History.49, (1), 170-183.1989.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0022050700007397 (DOI)
  • Moen, Jon R.. From Gainful Employment to Labor Force: Definitions and a New Estimate of Work Rates of American Males, 1860 to 1980. Historical Methods.21, (4), 149-159.1988.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1988.9955290 (DOI)
  • Moen, Jon R.. The Labor of Older Men: A Comment. Journal of Economic History.47, (3), 761-767.1987.
    • ID: 10.1017/S002205070004910X (DOI)
  • Reiff, Janice, Dahlin, michel, Smith, Daniel Scott. Rural push and urban pull: Work and family experiences of older black women in Southern cities, 1880-1900. Journal of Social History.16, (4), 39-48.1983.
    • ID: 10.1353/jsh/16.4.39 (DOI)
  • Smith, Daniel Scott, Dahlin, Michel, Friedberger, Mark. The family structure of the older black population in the American South in 1880 and 1900. Sociology and Social Research.63, (3), 544-565.1979.
  • Smith, Daniel Scott. A Community-Based Sample of the Older Population from the 1880 and 1900 United States Manuscript Census. Historical Methods.11, (2), 67-74.1978.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1978.9955220 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Jensen, Richard; Smith, Daniel Scott; Friedberger, Mark W.; Dahlin, Michel R.; Reiff, Janice (1985): Old Age in the United States, 1880. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08427