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Improving Correctional Classification, New York, 1981-1983

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Wright, Kevin
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Free Keywords
criminal justice system; correctional facilities; health; inmates; mental health; United States
  • Abstract

    There were three specific goals of this research. The first was to evaluate three procedures currently available for the classification of correctional inmates: the Risk Analysis method, Megargee's Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Typology, and Toch's Prison Preference Inventory. Second, the research devised and tested a postdictive model of adjustment to prison life. Third, a new classification scheme was developed for predicting inmate adjustment to prison life that considers individual and organizational (contextual) factors and various interactions between the two. These data were collected from a sample of 942 volunteer inmates from ten New York state correctional facilities, five of which were maximum security and five of which were medium security facilities. Only one-half of the original 942 inmates completed the MMPI. Background and questionnaire data were collected during the summer and fall of 1983. Outcome data on each inmate infraction were collected for a three-year period prior to that time. Each case in Part 1, Merged Survey Response File [PPQ, PEI, PAQ], represents survey response data from an individual inmate, with variables from the Prison Preference Questionnaire (PPQ), the Prison Environment Inventory (PEI), and the Prison Adjustment Questionnaire (PAQ). Cases in Part 2, Medical Records, are records of medical contacts and diagnoses of inmates' illnesses. Part 3, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, contains personality assessment information and scores for each individual offender. Data in Part 4, Sample Data [Background Characteristics], consist of individual-based variables covering inmates' background characteristics. Part 5, Offenses and Disciplinary Action Records, contains records of offenses and disciplinary action by individual offender. The client number is unique and consistent across all data files.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Merged Survey Response File [PPQ, PEI, PAQ]
    • DS2: Medical Records
    • DS3: Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
    • DS4: Sample Data [Background Characteristics]
    • DS5: Offenses and Disciplinary Action Records
Temporal Coverage
  • 1981 / 1983
    Time period: 1981--1983
  • 1981 / 1983
    Collection date: 1981--1983
Sampled Universe
Volunteer inmates from New York state correctional facilities.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook for this collection is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

2006-03-30 File CB8437.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1999-06-16 SPSS data definition statements have been added to this collection, and the codebook is now available as a PDF file. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (83-IJ-CX-0011).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8437 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08437.v1
  • Wooldredge, John. Keeping pace with evolving prison populations for effective management. Criminology and Public Policy.2, (2), 253-258.2003.
  • Wooldredge, John, Griffin, Timothy, Pratt, Travis. Considering hierarchical models for research on inmate behavior: Predicting misconduct with multilevel data. Justice Quarterly.18, (1), 203-231.2001.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418820100094871 (DOI)
  • Harris, J.W.. Comparison of stressors among female vs. male inmates. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation.19, (1/2), 43-56.1993.
    • ID: 10.1300/J076v19n01_03 (DOI)
  • Wright, K.. Violent and victimized in the male prison. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation.16, (3/4), 1-25.1991.
    • ID: 10.1300/J076v16n03_01 (DOI)
  • Wright, Kevin N.. Race and economic marginality in explaining prison adjustment. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.26, (1), 67-89.1989.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427889026001004 (DOI)
  • Wright, Kevin N.. Relationship of Risk, Needs, and Personality Classification Systems and Prison Adjustment. Criminal Justice and Behavior.15, (4), 454-471.1988.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854888015004003 (DOI)
  • Michalek, William. Megargee Criminal Personality Typology in Criminological Research: An Update. Meeting of the American Society of Criminology.Atlanta, GA. 1986.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Wright, Kevin N.. An exploratory study of transactional classification. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.23, (4), 326-348.1986.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427886023004002 (DOI)
  • Wright, Kevin N.. Developing the prison environment inventory. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.22, (3), 257-277.1985.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427885022003005 (DOI)
  • Wright, Kevin N.. Improving Correctional Classification Through a Study of the Placement of Inmates in Environmental Settings, Executive Summary. Binghamton, NY: Center for Social Analysis, State University of New York. 1985.
  • Wright, Kevin N.. Improving Correctional Classification Through a Study of the Placement of Inmates in Environmental Settings. NCJ 104543, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1983.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Wright, Kevin (1985): Improving Correctional Classification, New York, 1981-1983. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.