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Keeping the Peace: Police Discretion and the Mentally Disordered in Chicago, 1980-1981

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : observational data
Creator
  • Teplin, Linda A.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1985-10-09
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
criminal justice system; decision making; emotional states; job history; mental disorders; mental health; offenders; police citizen interactions; police officers; police performance; police response; work attitudes
Description
  • Abstract

    For this data collection, information on police-citizen encounters was collected to explore the peacekeeping functions of the police and their handling of encounters with mentally ill persons. The data were gathered for part or all of 270 shifts through observations by researchers riding in police cars in two Chicago police districts during a 14-month period in 1980-1981. In Part 1 (Shift Level), information was collected once per shift on the general level of activity during the shift and the observer's perceptions of emotions/attitudes displayed by the police officers he/she observed. The file also contains, for each of the 270 shifts, information about the personal characteristics, work history, and working relationships of the police officers observed. Part 2 (Encounter Level) contains detailed information on each police-citizen encounter including its nature, location, police actions and/or responses, citizens involved, and their characteristics and behavior. A unique and consistent shift identification number is attached to each encounter so that information about police officer characteristics from Part 1 may be matched with Part 2. There are 1,382 police-citizen encounters involving 2,555 citizens in this collection.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Shift Level
    • DS2: Encounter Level
Temporal Coverage
  • 1980 / 1981
    Time period: 1980--1981
  • 1980 / 1981
    Collection date: 1980--1981
Geographic Coverage
  • Chicago
  • Illinois
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Police shifts and police-citizen interactions in two districts of Chicago.
Sampling
Observations were conducted during all hours of the day during a 14-month period in 1980-1981. Evenings and weekends were oversampled to obtain a maximum amount of data in a minimum amount of time. All types of police-citizen encounters were observed and coded irrespective of any mental health component.
Collection Mode
  • (1) Missing data were recoded to 9s by the Principal Investigator and can mean either actual missing data or unknown or inapplicable data. (2) There is a hierarchical, nested relationship between the shift and encounter levels of analysis. That is, the shift level is higher than the encounter level, with a given shift involving any number of encounters. Encounters are "nested" within shifts. These two levels of data have not been integrated into a single file. However, the information necessary to create such a file exists in the identification system used. Each shift was given a unique ID number. Each encounter has two ID numbers, a shift ID and an encounter ID.

Note
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (81-IJ-CX-4079).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8438 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08438.v1
Publications
  • Teplin, Linda A.. Keeping the Peace: Police Discretion and Mentally Ill Persons. NIJ Journal.NCJ 183455, . 2000.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/jr000244c.pdf (URL)
  • Teplin, Linda A., Pruett, Nancy S.. Police as street corner psychiatrist: Managing the mentally ill. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry.15, (2), 139-156.1992.
    • ID: 10.1016/0160-2527(92)90010-X (DOI)
  • Kalinich, David B., Senese, Jeffrey D.. Police discretion and the mentally disordered in Chicago: A reconsideration. Police Studies.10, (4), 185-191.1987.
  • Teplin, Linda A.. Keeping the Peace: The Commonalities and Individualities of Police Discretion. Final Report.NCJ, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1986.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/97430NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Teplin, Linda A.. Keeping the Peace: The Parameters of Police Discretion in Relation to the Mentally Disordered. National Institute of Justice Research Report.NCJ 101046, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1986.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/101046NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Teplin, L.A.. The Criminality of the Mentally Ill: A Dangerous Misconception. American Journal of Psychiatry.142, (5), 593-599.1985.
  • Teplin, L.A.. Criminalizing Mental Disorder: The Comparative Arrest Rate of the Mentally Ill. American Psychologist.39, (7), 794-803.1984.
    • ID: 10.1037/0003-066X.39.7.794 (DOI)
  • Teplin, L.A.. Managing Disorder: Police Handling of the Mentally Ill. Mental Health and Criminal Justice.Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications. 1984.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Teplin, Linda A. (1985): Keeping the Peace: Police Discretion and the Mentally Disordered in Chicago, 1980-1981. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08438